SOS Response (Genetics)

Publication Title: 
Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology: Official Organ of the International Society for Environmental Toxicology and Cancer

We report the results of our genotoxic evaluation of extracts from three medicinal plants Acacia nilotica, Juglans regia, and Terminalia chebula and the herbal drug Triphala employing the VITOTOX and comet tests.These tests detect DNA damage in prokaryotic and eukaryotic test systems, respectively. In the VITOTOX test, none of the extracts were identified as genotoxic.

Author(s): 
Arora, Saroj
Brits, Ethel
Kaur, Swayamjot
Kaur, Kamaljeet
Sohi, Rajbir S.
Kumar, Subodh
Verschaeve, Luc
Publication Title: 
Brazilian Journal of Biology = Revista Brasleira De Biologia

Although the use of medicinal plants or natural products has increased in recent decades all over the world, little information is available on their potential risk to health. Annona crassiflora Mart., a plant commonly known as araticum in Brazil, has been widely used in folk medicine for a long time since its seeds and leaves are often utilised in the treatment of cancer, snake bites, and venereal diseases, its fruits are consumed as tonic and astringent, and its bark powder has anti-fungal and anti-rheumatic properties.

Author(s): 
Vilar, J. B.
Ferri, P. H.
Chen-Chen, L.
Publication Title: 
Anais Da Academia Brasileira De Ciências

Duguetia furfuracea (St. Hil.) Benth & Hook f. (1862), popularly known as "sofre-do-rim-quem-quer" and "araticum-seco", is a shrub of the Annonaceae family that occurs in several regions of Brazil. In folk medicine the infusion of its leaves and twigs is used to treat rheumatism and renal colic, whereas the seed powder is mixed with water to treat pediculosis. Previous studies have described biological activities of this plant with cytotoxic, antitumoral, trypanocidal, leishmanicidal, antiplasmodial and antiprotozoal effects.

Author(s): 
Silva, Carolina R.
Vieira, Pabline M.
Santos, Suzana C.
Chen-Chen, Lee
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