Spain

Publication Title: 
Current Pain and Headache Reports

Fibromyalgia (FM) is a debilitating rheumatic disorder characterized mainly by the presence of continual and widespread musculoskeletal pain, in addition to other disturbing symptoms. There is inconsistent evidence about the effectiveness of the treatments developed so far, making FM a chronic disease that is difficult to treat. The aim of this literature review was to analyze the empirical studies about psychological treatment of FM that have been published over the last twenty years.

Author(s): 
Lami, María José
Martínez, María Pilar
Sánchez, Ana Isabel
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Chinese Medicine

The objective of this review was to summarize and critically evaluate the clinical evidence of the effect of qigong exercise on immunity and its efficacy in the prevention or treatment of infectious diseases. Thirteen databases were searched from their respective inceptions through January 2011, and all controlled clinical trials of qigong exercise on immunity and infections were included. Quality and validity of the included studies were evaluated using standard scales.

Author(s): 
Wang, Chong-Wen
Ng, Siu-man
Ho, Rainbow T. H.
Ziea, Eric T. C.
Wong, Vivian C. W.
Chan, Cecilia L. W.
Publication Title: 
Medicina ClÌnica

A family with hyperalphalipoproteinemia is described, being exceptional the longevity of some of their members. The proband, a 36 years-old woman with excellent health, showed total cholesterol levels of 6.77 mmol/l, HDL-cholesterol 3.00 mmol/l and apoprotein (apo) AI 2.4 g/l. HDL-cholesterol levels of her mother and two sisters were 1.86, 2.07 and 2.02 mmol/l, respectively. Their serum apo AI levels were 2.11, 2.32 and 2.30 g/l, respectively.

Author(s): 
SentÌ, M.
NoguÈs, X.
RubiÈs-Prat, J.
Publication Title: 
Revista EspaÒola De Salud P˙blica

BACKGROUND: Women in the region of Navarra, Spain, have one of the highest life expectancies at birth in Europe. The aim of this study is to assess the completeness of the official mortality statistics of Navarra in 2009 and the impact of the under-registration of deaths on life expectancy estimates.

Author(s): 
Moreno-Iribas, Conchi
Guevara, Marcela
DÌaz-Gonz·lez, Jorge
¡lvarez-Arruti, Nerea
Casado, Itziar
Delfrade, Josu
Larumbe, Emilia
Aguirre, Jes˙s
Florist·n, Yugo
Publication Title: 
Scientific Reports

Centenarians exhibit extreme longevity and a remarkable compression of morbidity. They have a unique capacity to maintain homeostatic mechanisms. Since small non-coding RNAs (including microRNAs) are implicated in the regulation of gene expression, we hypothesised that longevity of centenarians may reflect alterations in small non-coding RNA expression. We report the first comparison of microRNAs expression profiles in mononuclear cells from centenarians, octogenarians and young individuals resident near Valencia, Spain.

Author(s): 
Serna, Eva
Gambini, Juan
Borras, Consuelo
Abdelaziz, Kheira M.
Mohammed, Kheira
Belenguer, Angel
Sanchis, Paula
Avellana, Juan A.
Rodriguez-MaÒas, Leocadio
ViÒa, Jose
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

There is clear evidence that populations living in Mediterranean countries enjoy a longer life expectancy than Northern Europeans. Genetic or racial factors do not explain these societal differences as revealed by migrant studies. The major causes of death in affluent societies, cardiovascular disease, cancers and digestive disorders, show markedly different incidence rates in different European countries. These differences seem to depend on the varied dietary patterns in Europe but the classic lipid hypothesis alone fails to explain the differing rates of coronary heart disease.

Author(s): 
James, W. P.
Duthie, G. G.
Wahle, K. W.
Publication Title: 
NutriciÛn Hospitalaria

The elderly population is increasing rapidly over the last decades. This population has a high risk for malnutrition due to metabolic and organic changes that occur during the aging process. Malnutrition is especially prevalent in hospitalized elderly patients and those with other disease. Malnutrition in the elderly increases the morbido-mortality as the nutrients influence the immune function, the cognitive function, vision.... Caloric intakes of 30 Kcal/kg/day and protein ingestion of 1-1.25 g/kg/day are recommended.

Author(s): 
RiobÛ Serv·n, P.
S·nchez-Vilar, O.
Gonz·lez de Villar, N.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: In studies from Italy and Greece, a Mediterranean dietary pattern was shown to favorably affect life expectancy in the elderly population. This pattern is thought to reduce the risk of cancer in addition to being cardioprotective.

Author(s): 
Lasheras, C.
Fernandez, S.
Patterson, A. M.
Publication Title: 
Public Health Nutrition

OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence that the traditional Mediterranean diet is associated with longevity. SETTING: Elderly persons of both genders in Greece, Spain, Denmark and Australia studied by different groups of investigators. METHODS: Adherence to the principles of the Mediterranean diet was operationalised through a score devised a priori, and study participants were followed up until death or the end of the study. Proportional hazard models were used.

Author(s): 
Trichopoulou, Antonia
Publication Title: 
Gaceta Sanitaria / S.E.S.P.A.S

As patients live longer, and more illnesses become chronic, comorbidity rates increase. This increase shows in attended morbidity registers, and its importance is revealed by the use of services, treatments, the survival rates and the patients life quality.

Author(s): 
Palomo, Luis
Rubio, Carlos
GÈrvas, Juan

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