Specialization

Publication Title: 
NIH consensus statement

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this NIH Consensus Statement is to inform the biomedical research and clinical practice communities of the results of the NIH Consensus Development Conference on Acupuncture. The statement provides state-of-the-art information regarding the appropriate use of acupuncture, and presents the conclusions and recommendations of the consensus panel regarding these issues. In addition, the statement identifies those areas of study that deserve further investigation.

Publication Title: 
NIH consensus statement

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this NIH Consensus Statement is to inform the biomedical research and clinical practice communities of the results of the NIH Consensus Development Conference on Acupuncture. The statement provides state-of-the-art information regarding the appropriate use of acupuncture, and presents the conclusions and recommendations of the consensus panel regarding these issues. In addition, the statement identifies those areas of study that deserve further investigation.

Publication Title: 
Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine

Literature review shows that Chinese medicine and other related treatment are still the main stream treatment of knee osteoarthritis. Currently, there is short of handbook guiding Chinese medicine from evidence-based medical evidence, so it is a top priority to develop a clinical guideline from the expert consensus. After several rounds of discussion during the conference and examination by letter, which has collected opinions from nearly one hundred experts, consensus was reached.

Author(s): 
Chen, Wei-Heng
Liu, Xian-Xiang
Tong, Pei-jian
Zhan, Hong-sheng
Orthopaedic Professional Committee, Chinese Association of Research and Advancement of Chinese Traditional Medicine, China
Joint Professional Committee, Branch of Orthopaedic of Chinese Association of Integrative Medicine, China
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

Physicians' religious attributes are unknown, and may affect patient care. The Women Physicians' Health Study (WPHS) is a random sample (n = 4501 respondents, 59% response rate) of US women physicians aged 30-70; the first large, national study of US women physicians. In this study US women physicians were less likely to be Christian than were other Americans (61.2% of women physicians versus 85.1% of the general population), but were more likely to be Jewish (13.2% vs 2.0%), Buddhist (1.4% vs 0.3%), Hindu (3.9% vs 0.4%), or atheist/agnostic (5.9% vs 0.6%).

Author(s): 
Frank, E.
Dell, M. L.
Chopp, R.
Publication Title: 
The Nursing Clinics of North America

Holistic nurses believe that the human being, composed of a mind, body and soul integrated into an inseparable whole that is greater than the sum of the parts, is in constant interaction with the universe and all that it contains. Health and well-being depend on attaining harmony in these relationships. Healing is the journey toward holism. Using presence, intent, unconditional acceptance, love, and compassion, holistic nurses can facilitate growth and healing and help their clients to find meaning in their life experiences, life purpose, and reason for being.

Author(s): 
Erickson, Helen L.
Publication Title: 
Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde

OBJECTIVE: Descriptive, questionnaire-based. To study what makes doctors and medical students happy: Descriptive, questionnaire-based. DESIGN: Descriptive, questionnaire-based. METHOD: For the purposes of this study, doctors and medical students completed an online questionnaire in the summer of 2012. They were presented with questions enquiring into general characteristics and into happiness. We asked them to define happiness, and to describe their happiest moments. The results were interpreted with the aid of simple statistics.

Author(s): 
van Dongen, Christel M. P.
van der Graaf, Yolanda
Publication Title: 
BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate doctors' coffee consumption at work and differences between specialties. DESIGN: Single centre retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Large teaching hospital in Switzerland. PARTICIPANTS: 766 qualified doctors (425 men, 341 women) from all medical specialties (201 internal medicine, 76 general surgery, 67 anaesthetics, 54 radiology, 48 orthopaedics, 43 gynaecology, 36 neurology, 23 neurosurgery, 96 other specialties).

Author(s): 
Giesinger, Karlmeinrad
Hamilton, David F.
Erschbamer, Matthias
Jost, Bernhard
Giesinger, Johannes M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Advanced Nursing

This paper discusses the goals and strategies used by nurses to achieve professional status. It describes the several interest groups in nursing and identifies the plurality of their goals and the sometimes conflicting strategies used by them. The paper illustrates the constraints experienced by the Royal College of Nursing in policy making and proposes a pluralist structure as a basis for future planning.

Author(s): 
White, R.
Publication Title: 
Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges

Questionnaires were distributed to 346 fourth-year students in nine medical schools. The students were asked to state their selected specialty and to rank the importance that each of 25 influences, listed as questionnaire items, had had in making their choice of specialty. Factor analysis showed that particular items were significantly associated with particular factors.

Author(s): 
Schwartz, R. W.
Haley, J. V.
Williams, C.
Jarecky, R. K.
Strodel, W. E.
Young, B.
Griffen, W. O.
Publication Title: 
Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health

Referral patterns of physicians have a direct impact upon the care of patients, particularly in obstetrics and gynecology. The choice of referral is influenced by the history of specialization, physician altruism, and intricate patterns of financial conflicts of interest. The conflicts of interest are further obscured by the lack of clear definition of roles and responsibilities for generalist, specialist, and subspecialist. Alternate patterns for referral based on financial incentives or directed referral care plans are reviewed to examine the potential conflicts of interest.

Author(s): 
Cain, J. M.
Jonsen, A. R.

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