Sports Medicine

Publication Title: 
Sports Medicine (Auckland, N.Z.)

Anterior knee pain is a chronic condition that presents frequently to sports medicine clinics, and can have a long-term impact on participation in physical activity. Conceivably, effective early management may prevent chronicity and facilitate physical activity. Although a variety of nonsurgical interventions have been advocated, previous systematic reviews have consistently been unable to reach conclusions to support their use.

Author(s): 
Collins, Natalie J.
Bisset, Leanne M.
Crossley, Kay M.
Vicenzino, Bill
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OVERVIEW: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is becoming increasingly accepted in modern western society, including amongst amateur and professional athletes, however, it has not yet been determined how CAM is reflected in scientific publications in sports and exercise medicine (SEM). AIM: The aim of this study was to identify trends in the levels of evidence for manipulative and body-based therapies within the SEM literature.

Author(s): 
M?cznik, Aleksandra K.
Schneiders, Anthony G.
Sullivan, S. John
Athens, Josie
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Sports Medicine

IMPORTANCE: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is both chronic and prevalent; it has complex aetiology and many conservative treatment options. OBJECTIVE: Develop a comprehensive contemporary guide to conservative management of PFP outlining key considerations for clinicians to follow. DESIGN: Mixed methods. METHODS: We synthesised the findings from six high-quality systematic reviews to September 2013 with the opinions of 17 experts obtained via semistructured interviews.

Author(s): 
Barton, Christian John
Lack, Simon
Hemmings, Steph
Tufail, Saad
Morrissey, Dylan
Publication Title: 
Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports

This consensus statement summarizes key contemporary research themes relevant to understanding the psychology and socioculture of sport injury. Special consideration is given toward high-intensity sport in which elite athlete training and performance efforts are characterized by explosive physical speed and strength, mental fortitude to push physical limits, and maximum effort and commitment to highly challenging goals associated with achieving exceptional performance.

Author(s): 
Wiese-Bjornstal, D. M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Human Ergology

Since Morgan, many research workers have attempted to answer the question whether intensive training and athletic competition can alter life span. A review of the literature yields few clear conclusions. The difficulty seems that the human life span is affected by a multiplicity of factors including physical characteristics (sex, age and body type), lifestyle (factors such as habitual activity, smoking and drinking habits and diet), environmental variables (air and water quality, exposure to sunlight, noise etc.), physiological factors, personality and inheritance.

Author(s): 
Yamaji, K.
Shephard, R. J.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Author(s): 
Ryde, D.
Publication Title: 
Pediatrics
Author(s): 
Smith, M. S.
Publication Title: 
Clinics in Sports Medicine

Hypnosis is a procedure during which a mental health professional suggests that a patient experience changes in sensations, perceptions, thoughts, or behavior. The purpose of this article is to briefly describe the use of various methods of relaxation, hypnosis, and imagery techniques available to enhance athletic performance. The characteristics that these techniques have in common include relaxation, suggestibility, concentration, imaginative ability, reality testing, brain function, autonomic control, and placebo effect. Case studies are provided for illustration.

Author(s): 
Newmark, Thomas S.
Bogacki, David F.
Publication Title: 
Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports

The use of cryotherapy, i.e. the application of cold for the treatment of injury or disease, is widespread in sports medicine today. It is an established method when treating acute soft tissue injuries, but there is a discrepancy between the scientific basis for cryotherapy and clinical studies. Various methods such as ice packs, ice towels, ice massage, gel packs, refrigerant gases and inflatable splints can be used. Cold is also used to reduce the recovery time as part of the rehabilitation programme both after acute injuries and in the treatment of chronic injuries.

Author(s): 
Swenson, C.
Swärd, L.
Karlsson, J.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness

The science of sports massage is of interest to many populations including athletes, athletic trainers, coaches, as well as sports physiologists. While evidence to support or refute the effects of massage on sports performance is insufficient to make definitive statements, new reports and trends within data help formulate an understanding of sports massage. This article will review sports massage research on topics including lactate clearance, delayed onset of muscle soreness (DOMS), muscle fatigue, the psychological effect of massage, and injury prevention and treatment.

Author(s): 
Moraska, A.

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