State Government

Publication Title: 
West's Pacific Reporter
Author(s): 
California. Supreme Court
Publication Title: 
Journal of Aging & Social Policy

State-to-state differences in generosity of assistance programs targeted toward poor seniors and people with disabilities have always been the "price of federalism." Typically, these differences are vitiated when federal law enters a field. Not so with the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003. States' choices of how much of the uncovered burden of prescription drug costs is left to near-poor elderly and disabled residents continues to vary widely even though Medicare began to provide pharmaceutical coverage beginning January 2006.

Author(s): 
Miller, Edward Alan
Weissert, William G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Dental Association (1939)

BACKGROUND: Little is known about Medicaid policies regarding reimbursement for placement of sealants on primary molars. The authors identified Medicaid programs that reimbursed dentists for placing primary molar sealants and hypothesized that these programs had higher reimbursement rates than did state programs that did not reimburse for primary molar sealants. METHODS: The authors obtained Medicaid reimbursement data from online fee schedules and determined whether each state Medicaid program reimbursed for primary molar sealants (no or yes).

Author(s): 
Chi, Donald L.
Singh, Jennifer
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health Economics

Many U.S. states have passed legislation providing leave to organ and bone marrow donors and/or tax benefits for live and deceased organ and bone marrow donations and to employers of donors. We exploit cross-state variation in the timing of such legislation to analyze its impact on organ donations by living and deceased persons, on measures of the quality of the transplants, and on the number of bone marrow donations. We find that these provisions do not have a significant impact on the quantity of organs donated.

Author(s): 
Lacetera, Nicola
Macis, Mario
Stith, Sarah S.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Epidemiology

The recent economic recession has led to increases in suicide, but whether US state unemployment insurance programs ameliorate this association has not been examined. Exploiting US state variations in the generosity of benefit programs between 1968 and 2008, we tested the hypothesis that more generous unemployment benefit programs reduce the impact of economic downturns on suicide. Using state linear fixed-effect models, we found a negative additive interaction between unemployment rates and benefits among the US working-age (20-64 years) population (?

Author(s): 
Cylus, Jonathan
Glymour, M. Maria
Avendano, Mauricio
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health Economics

Empirical evidence from New Jersey supports theories of hospitals altruism. From 1987 to 1992, New Jersey reimbursed hospitals for uncompensated care through the Uncompensated Care Trust Fund. The Trust Fund reduced the shadow price of charity care, inducing hospitals to increase their provision of uncompensated care. Hospitals increased inpatient uncompensated care by an average of 14.8% and statewide uncompensated care increased by $360 million during 1987-1990.

Author(s): 
Gaskin, D. J.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Law & Medicine

The United States faces a shortage of organs for transplantation; thousands of individuals die each year while waiting for organs. The organ donation system relies on altruism because the National Organ Transplantation Act (NOTA) prohibits donors from receiving valuable consideration for organs to be used for transplantation. This paper contains a proposal for a regulated market for cadaveric organs as a mechanism to increase the number of organs available for transplantation.

Author(s): 
Williams, Kristy Lynn
Finley, Marisa
Rohack, J. James
Publication Title: 
West's North Western Reporter
Author(s): 
Minnesota. Supreme Court
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Managed Care

BACKGROUND: Since 1996, Washington State law has required that private health insurance cover licensed complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) providers. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how insured people used CAM providers and what role this played in healthcare utilization and expenditures. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of insurance enrollees from western Washington in 2002. METHODS: Analysis of insurance demographic data, claims files, benefit information, diagnoses, CAM and conventional provider utilization, and healthcare expenditures for 3 large health insurance companies.

Author(s): 
Lafferty, William E.
Tyree, Patrick T.
Bellas, Allen S.
Watts, Carolyn A.
Lind, Bonnie K.
Sherman, Karen J.
Cherkin, Daniel C.
Grembowski, David E.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Managed Care

BACKGROUND: Since 1996, Washington State law has required that private health insurance cover licensed complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) providers. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how insured people used CAM providers and what role this played in healthcare utilization and expenditures. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of insurance enrollees from western Washington in 2002. METHODS: Analysis of insurance demographic data, claims files, benefit information, diagnoses, CAM and conventional provider utilization, and healthcare expenditures for 3 large health insurance companies.

Author(s): 
Lafferty, William E.
Tyree, Patrick T.
Bellas, Allen S.
Watts, Carolyn A.
Lind, Bonnie K.
Sherman, Karen J.
Cherkin, Daniel C.
Grembowski, David E.

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