Stereotyping

Publication Title: 
Historia, Ciencias, Saude--Manguinhos

The article analyzes the religiosity of Hansen's disease patients who lived during two distinct treatment periods of the sick: that of internment in asylums and the current practice. Ten semi-structured interviews focused on health, religion and Hansen's disease, broaching the ways the two groups faced religion. In the former inmate group, the presence of institutionalized religion was noted, which served the purposes of vigilance and isolationist therapeutics. Present day Hansen's disease patients still feel the stigmatic weight of'leprosy" in certain situations.

Author(s): 
Mellagi, AndrÈ GonÁalves
Monteiro, Yara Nogueira
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association

The last five decades of the American cinema have produced a remarkably consistent stereotype of the female analyst. In films such as Spellbound (1945), Knock on Wood (1954), Sex and the Single Girl (1964), They Might be Giants (1971), and The Man Who Loved Women (1983), women analysts are swept away by countertransference love that leads them to become sexually or romantically involved with their male patients.

Author(s): 
Gabbard, G. O.
Gabbard, K.
Publication Title: 
Nursing Inquiry

This paper is an interpretive analysis of the discourses within popular romance literature, with a particular focus on the genre that includes constructions of the images of nurses and nursing. An historical contrast is made along with examinations of the uses and meanings encompassed within this body of literature, and its messages for women as nurses as it reflects/creates societal change. Deviations from the formulaic nature of these works are explored.

Author(s): 
DeVries, S.
Dunlop, M.
Goopy, S.
Moyle, W.
Sutherland-Lockhart, D.
Publication Title: 
Nursing Ethics

The subject of sexuality among elderly patients with dementia was examined, focusing on two main aspects: the sexual behaviour of institutionalized elderly people with dementia; and the reactions of other patients, staff and family members to this behaviour. The behaviour was found to be mostly heterosexual and ranged from love and caring to romance and outright eroticism. Reactions varied, being accepting of love and care but often objecting to erotic behaviour.

Author(s): 
Ehrenfeld, M.
Bronner, G.
Tabak, N.
Alpert, R.
Bergman, R.
Publication Title: 
Child Maltreatment

This study examines same- and other-sex friendship networks and perceptions of peer competence as functions of stigmatization, defined as shame and a self-blame attributional style. Fifty-six sexually abused adolescents were seen at the time of abuse discovery and 1 year later. Higher self-blame attributional style for the abuse was related to more satisfaction with other-sex friends and less satisfaction with same-sex friends. More shame was related to less satisfaction with same-sex friends and to having a larger number of other-sex friends.

Author(s): 
Feiring, C.
Rosenthal, S.
Taska, L.
Publication Title: 
Public Health Nursing (Boston, Mass.)

The purpose of this grounded theory study was to understand sexual risk-taking behavior among Taiwanese youth. Thirty-six participants were purposively selected for two to three semistructured, in-depth individual interviews. The constant comparative method and coding process were used for data analysis. The core category of preserving the fantasy of romantic innocence emerged from the initial data analysis to explain how and why young people engage in sexual risk taking. Accordingly, the subcategories of suppressing carnal knowledge and being swept away by love were developed.

Author(s): 
Yeh, Chao-Hsing
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Psychology

The present study is an investigation into how romantic relationship satisfaction and attitudes toward gender stereotypes about romantic relationship and gender are related to future time orientation in romantic relationships (FTORR). Four hundred and thirteen (208 men and 205 women) university students taking elective psychology courses at Middle East Technical University were given a scale including items about FTORR, romantic relationship satisfaction, and attitudes toward gender stereotypes about romantic relationships.

Author(s): 
Sakalli-Ugurlu, Nuray
Publication Title: 
Schizophrenia Bulletin

Siblings of schizophrenia patients are from the patient's perspective important support providers, but most studies on family burden have focused on the parental role. This study aims to develop a detailed analysis of the psychological aspects of having a sibling with schizophrenia. We did a qualitative study with audiotaped semistructured interviews of 16 siblings. The reliability of the inductive categorization of data was high. A unifying theme appeared to be an emotional sibling bond characterized by feelings of love, sorrow, anger, envy, guilt, and shame.

Author(s): 
StÂlberg, Gabriella
Ekerwald, Hedvig
Hultman, Christina M.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Social Psychology

A predominately European American sample of middle class college students rated hypermuscular female bodybuilders and the men who were romantically involved with them on measures of perceived gender traits, personality traits, social behaviors, and heterosexual behaviors. Participants perceived hypermuscular women, as compared to the average woman, as having more masculine and fewer feminine interests, less likely to be good mothers, and less intelligent, socially popular, and attractive.

Author(s): 
Forbes, Gordon B.
Adams-Curtis, Leah E.
Holmgren, Katie M.
White, Kay B.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy

This essay explores seven interlocking meanings of the term love. These meanings are the author's synthesis based on years of trying to understand what people mean by the word and why they are not more explicit in explaining themselves during psychotherapy. The meanings may help clinicians better grasp what seems to be the most basic context for understanding a person's sexual life. Love may be: a complex emotion--it is never a single feeling; an ambition; moral commitment; a private dynamic struggle; a deal; a stop sign to psychological inquiry.

Author(s): 
Levine, Stephen B.

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