Sterilization

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Intracutaneous or subcutaneous injection of sterile water is rapidly gaining popularity as a method of pain relief in labour and it is therefore essential that it is properly evaluated. Adequate analgesia in labour is important to women worldwide. Sterile water injection is inexpensive, requires basic equipment, and appears to have few side effects. It is purported to work for labour pain.

Author(s): 
Derry, Sheena
Straube, Sebastian
Moore, R. Andrew
Hancock, Heather
Collins, Sally L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

OBJECTIVE: Acupuncture has been repeatedly associated with infectious hepatitis. The aim of the present systematic review was therefore to critically evaluate such data from epidemiological investigations. METHODS: Four independent literature searches were carried out to identify all epidemiological evidence linking acupuncture with hepatitis. All studies were validated by the authors and data extracted according to predefined criteria. RESULTS: Fifteen investigations fulfilled our inclusion criteria. Most studies originated from Asia.

Author(s): 
Ernst, E.
Sherman, K. J.
Publication Title: 
Cardiovascular Toxicology

In 2011, dozens of children and pregnant women in Korea died by exposure to sterilizer for household humidifier, such as Oxy(Æ) and Cefu(Æ). Until now, however, it remains unknown how the sterilizer affect the human health to cause the acute deaths. To find its toxicity for organ, we investigated the putative toxicity of the sterilizer in the cardiovascular system. The sterilizers, polyhexamethylene guanidine phosphate (PHMG, Cefu(Æ)), and oligo-[2-(2-ethoxy)-ethoxyethyl)-guanidinium-chloride (PGH, Oxy(Æ)) were treated to human lipoproteins, macrophages, and dermal fibroblast cells.

Author(s): 
Kim, Jae-Yong
Kim, Hak Hyeon
Cho, Kyung-Hyun
Publication Title: 
American Heart Journal

The reuse of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) balloon catheters has recently been proposed as a way of containing costs. Our aim was to examine patient acceptability of this strategy. We asked 100 consecutive patients scheduled for potential or definite PTCA whether they would permit the use of sterilized, reused balloon catheters. We collected demographic, clinical, angiographic, and insurance-status data on all patients. Sixty-eight patients responded that they would have allowed reused equipment (group 1). Thirty-two patients would have refused (group 2).

Author(s): 
Vaitkus, P. T.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Intracutaneous or subcutaneous injection of sterile water is rapidly gaining popularity as a method of pain relief in labour and it is therefore essential that it is properly evaluated. Adequate analgesia in labour is important to women worldwide. Sterile water injection is inexpensive, requires basic equipment, and appears to have few side effects. It is purported to work for labour pain.

Author(s): 
Derry, Sheena
Straube, Sebastian
Moore, R. Andrew
Hancock, Heather
Collins, Sally L.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

Endophytic actinobacteria colonize internal tissues of their host plants and are considered as a rich and reliable source of diverse species and functional microorganisms. In this study, endophytic actinobacterial strain YIM 63111 was isolated from surface-sterilized tissue of the medicinal plant Artemisia annua. We identified strain YIM 63111 as a member of the genus Pseudonocardia. A. annua seedlings grown under both sterile and greenhouse conditions were inoculated with strain YIM 63111. The growth of A.

Author(s): 
Li, Jie
Zhao, Guo-Zhen
Varma, Ajit
Qin, Sheng
Xiong, Zhi
Huang, Hai-Yu
Zhu, Wen-Yong
Zhao, Li-Xing
Xu, Li-Hua
Zhang, Si
Li, Wen-Jun
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Family Practice

In the period February to May 1980, acute hepatitis B occurred in six patients who had received acupuncture at a chiropractic clinic. Of persons attending the clinic (October 1979 to April 1980), hepatitis B occurred more frequently among those who had received acupuncture (6 of 103) than among those who had not (0 of 408; P less than .0001). Hepatitis patients had received acupuncture during two exposure periods: November 27-28, 1979, and February 19-20, 1980.

Author(s): 
Stryker, W. S.
Gunn, R. A.
Francis, D. P.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

The iatrogenic transmission of hepatitis B virus by inadequately sterilized acupuncture needles recently has been reported. Because some licensed chiropractors use acupuncture as a therapeutic modality, we have evaluated sterilization methods for these needles, which would be adaptable for use in a chiropractic office. Dry heat, boiling water, pressurized steam, sodium hypochlorite, and 70% alcohol were compared with a glass bead dry heat sterilizer originally developed for dental instruments.

Author(s): 
Sisco, V.
Winters, L. L.
Zange, L. L.
Brennan, P. C.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Public Health

OBJECTIVES: To guide development of a hepatitis B control program in China, we investigated village doctors' sterilization practices, injection use, vaccination levels, and knowledge and counseling skills. METHODS: The head doctor from each village health station in a rural county (n = 260) completed a self-administered questionnaire. RESULTS: Of the respondents, 94.2% reported adequate sterilization of needles; however, inadequate sterilization of syringes and acupuncture needles was common. Injections were found to be frequent and profitable.

Author(s): 
Clayton, S.
Yang, H.
Guan, J.
Lin, Z.
Wang, R.
Publication Title: 
American Family Physician
Author(s): 
Levy, Dexter S.

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