Stomach Ulcer

Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition

The healing activity of the ethanol extracts of Piper betel, Emblica officinalis, Terminalia bellerica, and Terminalia chebula against the indomethacin-induced stomach ulceration has been studied and compared with that of misoprostol. Compared to autohealing, all the drugs accelerated the healing process, albeit to different extents. The relative healing activities of the extracts was P. betel>E. officinalis>T. bellerica~T. chebula, that correlated well with their in vivo antioxidant and mucin augmenting activities. The excellent healing activity of the extracts of P. betel and E.

Author(s): 
Bhattacharya, Sayanti
Chaudhuri, Susri R.
Chattopadhyay, Subrata
Bandyopadhyay, Sandip K.
Publication Title: 
Pharmaceutical Biology

CONTEXT: Terminalia chebula Retz. (Combretaceae) is a medium-sized tree that grows in the wild throughout India. T. chebula has been extensively used in Ayurveda, Unani, and homoeopathic medicine. The fruit has been used as a traditional medicine for a household remedy against various human ailments. Traditionally T. chebula is used to cure chronic ulcer, gastritis, and stomach cancers. OBJECTIVE: The present study is to evaluate the antiulcer effect of hydroalcoholic (70%) extract of Terminalia chebula fruit.

Author(s): 
Sharma, Praveen
Prakash, T.
Kotresha, D.
Ansari, Md Asif
Sahrm, Uday Raj
Kumar, Bimlesh
Debnath, Jeevan
Goli, Divakar
Publication Title: 
Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology

In continuation of our drug discovery program on Indian medicinal plants, the gastro protective mechanism of chebulinic acid isolated from Terminalia chebula fruit was investigated. Chebulinic acid was evaluated against cold restraint (CRU), aspirin (AS), alcohol (AL) and pyloric ligation (PL) induced gastric ulcer models in rats. Potential anti-ulcer activity of chebulinic acid was observed against CRU (62.9%), AS (55.3%), AL (80.67%) and PL (66.63%) induced ulcer models.

Author(s): 
Mishra, Vaibhav
Agrawal, Manali
Onasanwo, Samuel Adetunji
Madhur, Gaurav
Rastogi, Preeti
Pandey, Haushila Prasad
Palit, Gautam
Narender, Tadigoppula
Publication Title: 
Life Sciences

In this study the antinociceptive and the gastroprotective effects of orally administered or inhaled Lavandula hybrida Reverchon "Grosso" essential oil, and its principal constituents linalool and linalyl acetate were evaluated in rodents. Either when orally administered (100 mg/kg) or inhaled for 60 min lavender essential oil significantly reduced the acetic acid-writhing response in a naloxone-sensitive manner.

Author(s): 
Barocelli, E.
Calcina, F.
Chiavarini, M.
Impicciatore, M.
Bruni, R.
Bianchi, A.
Ballabeni, V.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

The leaves of Nyctanthes arbor tristis, besides being used in the treatment of sciatica and arthritis, are advocated for various kinds of fevers and painful conditions by the Ayurvedic physicians. In the present study, the water-soluble portion of an ethanol extract of the leaves was screened for analgesic, antipyretic and ulcerogenic activities. The extract exhibited significant aspirin-like antinociceptive activity but failed to produce morphine-like analgesia. It was also found to possess antipyretic activity against brewer's yeast-induced pyrexia in rats.

Author(s): 
Saxena, R. S.
Gupta, B.
Saxena, K. K.
Srivastava, V. K.
Prasad, D. N.
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Experimental Biology

Centella asiatica is commonly mentioned as a Rasayana in Ayurveda, an ancient system of Indian medicine for various ailments including abdominal disorders. Rasayanas have been advocated for use in rejuvenation therapy. The present study was conducted to evaluate the possible anti-ulcerogenic activity of fresh juice of C. asiatica (CAJ) against ethanol-, aspirin-, cold-restraint stress- and pyloric ligation induced gastric ulcers in rats.

Author(s): 
Sairam, K.
Rao, C. V.
Goel, R. K.
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Experimental Biology

Convolvulus pluricaulis is an indigenous plant commonly mentioned in Ayurveda, an ancient system of Indian medicine, as a rasayana which is mainly advocated for use in rejuvenation therapy. The present study was conducted to evaluate the potential anti-ulcerogenic effect of juice of fresh whole plants of C. pluricaulis (CPJ) against various experimental gastric ulcer models induced by ethanol, aspirin, 2 hr cold restraint stress and 4 hr pyloric ligation in rats. The drug was given orally twice daily for five days in the doses of 375 and 750 mg/kg body weight.

Author(s): 
Sairam, K.
Rao, C. V.
Goel, R. K.
Publication Title: 
Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology

Bacopa monniera Wettst. (BM, syn. Herpestis monniera L; Scrophulariaceae), is an Ayurvedic drug used as a rasayana. Its fresh juice was earlier reported to have significant antiulcerogenic activity. In continuation, methanolic extract of BM (BME) standardized to bacoside-A content (percentage-38.0 +/- 0.9), when given in the dose of 10-50 mg/kg, twice daily for 5 days, showed dose-dependent anti-ulcerogenic on various gastric ulcer models induced by ethanol, aspirin, 2 h cold restraint stress and 4 h pylorus ligation.

Author(s): 
Sairam, K.
Rao, C. V.
Babu, M. D.
Goel, R. K.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Medicinal Food

Cissus quadrangularis is an indigenous plant commonly mentioned in Ayurveda for treatment of gastric ulcers. The ulcer-protective effect of a methanolic extract of C. quadrangularis (CQE) was comparable to that of the reference drug sucralfate. Further, gastric juice and mucosal studies showed that CQE at a dose of 500 mg/kg given for 10 days significantly increased the mucosal defensive factors like mucin secretion, mucosal cell proliferation, glycoproteins, and life span of cells.

Author(s): 
Jainu, Mallika
Devi, C. S. Shyamala
Publication Title: 
Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology

Pepticare, a herbomineral formulation of the Ayurveda medicine consisting of the herbal drugs: Glycyrrhiza glabra, Emblica officinalis and Tinospora cordifolia, was tested for its anti-ulcer and anti-oxidant activity in rats. Effects of various doses (125, 250, 500 and 1000mg/kg, p.o.) of Pepticare were studied on gastric secretion and gastric ulcers in pylorus-ligation and on ethanol-induced gastric mucosal injury in rats.

Author(s): 
Bafna, P. A.
Balaraman, R.

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