Students, Dental

Publication Title: 
Journal of Dental Education

If it is not a naÔve expectation for dentists who have been beneficiaries of public generosity to share their good fortune with the public that made it possible, there may be a rational basis for enhancing the role of dental education in improving access to oral health care by promoting-but not requiring-a voluntary service commitment after graduation commensurate with the magnitude of the subsidy received.

Author(s): 
Bertolami, Charles N.
Berne, Robert
Publication Title: 
British Dental Journal

OBJECTIVE: A number of recent studies have investigated the motivations underlying the career choice of dental and medical students, suggesting that they may be very different. However, as yet, no studies have been conducted which provide a direct comparison of dental and medical students studying in the same place. Accordingly, the aim of this investigation was to conduct a survey which directly compared the motivation of a selection of dental and medical students at Manchester University.

Author(s): 
Crossley, M. L.
Mubarik, A.
Publication Title: 
Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the study motives and career choices of Iranian senior dental students in relation to their background factors. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: During the spring term 2005, a questionnaire survey was administered to 327 senior dental students in seven randomly selected state dental schools in Iran. The questionnaire requested information on age, gender, parents' employment in dentistry, previous education and employment in dental hygiene, study motives, and career choices.

Author(s): 
Khami, M. R.
Murtomaa, H.
Jafarian, M.
Vehkalahti, M. M.
Virtanen, J. I.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Dental Education

The purpose of this study was to produce a valid scale for use in measuring the values of dental students and practitioners--the lack of which has impeded research on professionalism in dentistry. Following standard scale development procedures, we had focus groups of dental practitioners (N=23) develop a ninety-nine-item pool of value terms related to dentistry. Next, Canadian dentists (N=449) rated the relevance of each item through an online survey. They also rated the values in a generic values measure, Schwartz's Values Scale.

Author(s): 
Langille, Angela D.
Catano, Victor M.
Boran, Thomas L.
Cunningham, Donald P.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved

Altruistic dentists play a central role in treating minority populations, the poor, the uninsured, and those living in underserved communities. This study examines factors associated with graduating dental students' altruistic attitudes. We use a nationally representative dataset, the 2007 American Dental Education Association Survey of Dental School Seniors (n=3,841), and a comprehensive framework to investigate individual, school, and community characteristics that may influence altruism.

Author(s): 
Carreon, Daisy
Davidson, Pamela
Andersen, Ron
Nakazono, Terry
Publication Title: 
Journal of Dental Education

This study's aim was to investigate on an international scale the reasons why individuals are currently choosing dentistry as a career. An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted on a cohort of first-year dental students from thirteen countries on six continents in 2011-12 (n=711). Participants completed the Du Toit Questionnaire for Health Workers and Students, designed for this study, to disclose the reason(s) why they chose a career in dentistry. Data collected from the questionnaire were analyzed in EpiInfo version 7.1.1.14.

Author(s): 
Du Toit, Jonathan
Jain, Sameer
Montalli, Victor
Govender, Urvashnee
Publication Title: 
BMC medical education

BACKGROUND: Students' motives for studying Dentistry have been a subject of interest for years because of the potential for understanding the psychological makeup and subsequent job satisfaction for the dentist. It is also useful in identifying expectations of the profession. This study therefore tried to identify study motives and career preferences of dental students especially with respect to the practice of paediatric dentistry. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire.

Author(s): 
Folayan, Morenike O.
Sofola, Oyinkan O.
Khami, Mohammad R.
Esan, Ayodeji O.
Popoola, Bamidele O.
Orenuga, Omolola O.
Folaranmi, Nkiru
Ligali, Taofeek O.
Phillips, Abimbola S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan: JCPSP

OBJECTIVE: To explore the undergraduate dental students' insight of their professionalism development through Focus Group Discussions (FGD). STUDY DESIGN: Constructivist approach using qualitative phenomenological design. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Fatima Memorial Hospital, College of Dentistry, Lahore, from April to June 2011.

Author(s): 
Ashar, Abid
Ahmad, Amina
Publication Title: 
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

To assess the influence of a hypnotic intervention on cellular immune function during a commonplace stressful event, the authors selected 33 medical and dental students on the basis of hypnotic susceptibility. Initial blood samples were obtained during a lower stress period, and a second sample was drawn 3 days before the first major exam of the term. Half of the participants were randomly assigned to hypnotic-relaxation training in the interval between samples.

Author(s): 
Kiecolt-Glaser, J. K.
Marucha, P. T.
Atkinson, C.
Glaser, R.
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