During the course of normal respiration, reactive oxygen species are produced which are particularly detrimental to mitochondrial function. This is shown by recent studies with a mouse that lacks the mitochondrial form of superoxide dismutase (Sod2). Tissues that are heavily dependent on mitochondrial function such as the brain and heart are most severely affected in the Sod2 mutant mouse.
Hyperglycemia is a hallmark of diabetes that is associated with diabetic complications and a reduction of lifespan. Using the mev-1 mutant of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans we here tried to identify molecular mechanisms underlying the lifespan reducing effects of glucose. The lowest glucose concentration tested (10mM) caused a significant lifespan reduction at 37∞C and was used to assess effects on mitochondrial efficiency, formation of protein carbonyls and levels of methylglyoxal, a precursor of advanced glycation end products (AGEs).
A new series of 2,3-cyclopentano-3,4-dihydro-4-spirocyclopentano-1,5-benzodi azepine which are substituted in 5-position with beta-N-heterocycloethyl or gamma-N-heterocyclo-n-propyl groups have been synthesized and evaluated for their CNS depressant activity including anticonvulsant, analgesic and pentobarbital induced hypnosis. These compounds were also investigated for their ability to inhibit in vitro succinate dehydrogenase (SDH). In most of the compounds an appreciable CNS depressant activity has been found to be associated with the compounds possessing good SDH inhibitory activity.
PURPOSE: Mutations in ANT, a mitochondrial ATP transporter, are typically associated with myopathy. Because of the high metabolic demands of the retina, the authors examined whether elimination of the Ant1 isoform in a transgenic mouse affects retinal function or morphology. METHODS: RT-PCR was used to confirm Ant1 expression in retinas of wild-type (WT) or Ant1(-/-) mice. Full-field ERGs were used to test retinal function under dark- and light-adapted conditions and the recovery of the photoresponse to a bright flash.
FASEB journal: official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
The influence of caloric restriction (CR) initiated at 17 months of age was investigated on selected age-associated measures in skeletal muscle. Tissue from young (3-4 months) ad libitum-fed, old (30-32 months) restricted (35% and 50% CR, designated CR35 and CR50, respectively), and old ad libitum-fed rats (29 months) was studied. CR preserved fiber number and fiber type composition in the vastus lateralis muscle of the CR50 rats.