Suicide

Publication Title: 
Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association

The purpose of this family-focused, grounded-theory study was to develop a substantive theory that explains how individual family members heal in the aftermath of youth suicide. Individual healing following youth suicide is conceptualized as a process of "journeying toward wholeness." In response to youth suicide, survivors characteristically tap into their innate strengths and coping capabilities. Eventually, most survivors move toward healing. Precipitated by youth suicide, individual healing was found to be a contextually mediated, ongoing, dynamic, and recursive process.

Author(s): 
Kalischuk, R. G.
Davies, B.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Psychology

It is often assumed that women kill themselves because of love and men because of achievement problems. The authors evaluated the suicide notes of 56 U.S. adult women and men with regard to love and achievement motives. Love themes were significantly more common than achievement themes, independent of sex and age. This suggests that, at least for U.S. adults who leave suicide notes, relationship concerns may be a dominant component of the motivation for suicide.

Author(s): 
Canetto, Silvia Sara
Lester, David
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Community Psychology

When individuals who receive social support are in poor physical or mental health and are criticized or made to feel unwanted, they may perceive themselves as a burden. Poor physical health and depression were hypothesized to exacerbate the harmful effects on suicidal ideation of receiving critical negative messages and of receiving social support. These hypotheses were tested using secondary analyses of data from a sample of 533 unemployed married individuals who were assessed shortly after job loss, and 6 months later.

Author(s): 
Brown, Stephanie L.
Vinokur, Amiram D.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Mental Health Nursing

Using Heidegger's hermeneutic phenomenology informed by van Manen's and Benner's work, this research is an exploration and interpretation of the lived experiences of family members since they lost a close family member to suicidal death. Data from in-depth interviews with six participants, the researcher's journal entries and published literature were analysed. Findings gave rise to a grief model where suicide survivors moved through four modes of being-in-the-world characterized by 13 lifeworlds or themes.

Author(s): 
Fielden, Jann M.
Publication Title: 
MMW Fortschritte der Medizin

The loss of one's partner is always a stressful event. If this loss cannot be adequately coped with, depression, psychosomatic disorders or addictive disorders may result. In the worst case scenario, the victim of such a loss may resort to suicide or even kill the partner insisting on a separation. An active life, new personal contacts, or the support of a self-help group may help suffers to cope with the crisis more readily. Severe disorders--in part determined by the personality structure of the grieving partner--may require treatment by pharmaceuticals or cognitive therapy.

Author(s): 
Weber, S.
Lehmann, E.
Publication Title: 
The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry: The Official Journal of the World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry

OBJECTIVES: To detach themselves from their family of origin, adolescents need to develop proactive behaviour which includes increased risk-taking and novelty seeking. These behaviours may be attributable both to developmental issues and to hypomanic-like stages. Since there is a lack of research focusing on hypomania in adolescents, the aim of the study was to compare hypomania scores of adolescents with those of adult outpatients suffering from bipolar II disorders, and to investigate possible gender-related differences.

Author(s): 
Brand, Serge
Angst, Jules
Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith
Publication Title: 
Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists

AIM: The aim of this paper was to explore the attitude toward and motives for suicide recorded in Ovid's The Metamorphoses, a document that has influenced Western culture. METHOD: The translation by Horace Gregory was examined. RESULTS: Twenty-five mentions of suicidal thoughts or actions were identified, mainly by humans but also by a god, a nymph and a centaur. Fifteen suicides by humans were identified. The motives were predicaments including the loss of a loved individual or status and the threat of murder or plague.

Author(s): 
Pridmore, Saxby
Majeed, Zainab Abd
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: Suicide has been linked to intense negative affect. However, little is known about the range of affects experienced by suicidal persons, or the separate effects of affect valence and intensity. We examine a novel self-report scale, the 17-item Affective Intensity Rating Scale (AIRS), and its relation to suicidality in a high-risk sample. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Patients presenting with suicidality were recruited from the Emergency Department in a large urban hospital, and completed a battery of assessments there.

Author(s): 
Yaseen, Zimri S.
Fisher, Karin
Morales, Esperanza
Galynker, Igor I.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Personality Disorders

To determine whether ambulatory psychotherapy targeted to abandonment experiences and fears can reduce suicidality and improve outcome in borderline patients referred to the emergency room with major depressive disorder and self-destructive behavior severe enough to require medical/surgical treatment and a brief psychiatric hospitalization. A total of 170 subjects were randomized at hospital discharge into three treatment groups: treatment as usual (TAU), abandonment psychotherapy delivered by certified psychotherapists, and abandonment psychotherapy delivered by nurses.

Author(s): 
Andreoli, A.
Burnand, Y.
Cochennec, M.-F.
Ohlendorf, P.
Frambati, L.
Gaudry-Maire, D.
Di Clemente, Th
Hourton, G.
Lorillard, S.
Canuto, A.
Frances, A.
Publication Title: 
Transcultural Psychiatry

Mindfulness in the Buddhist tradition involves a variety of practices, and contemporary secular forms of mindfulness practices, therapies, and interventions can similarly be broadened to include more of these forms. The Japanese practice of Naikan takes one mindfulness practice from the Buddhist tradition--that of recollecting the kindness of others--and asks clients to engage in this practice for 1 solid week, 15 hours per day.

Author(s): 
Ozawa-de Silva, Chikako

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