Sweden

Publication Title: 
The British Journal of General Practice: The Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners

The aim of the study is to determine which treatments for patients with subacromial pain are trusted by general practitioners (GPs) and physiotherapists, and to compare trusted treatments with evidence from a systematic critical review of the scientific literature. A two-step process was used: a questionnaire (written case simulation) and a systematic critical review. The questionnaire was mailed to 188 GPs and 71 physiotherapists in Sweden. The total response rate was 72% (186/259).

Author(s): 
Johansson, Kajsa
Oberg, Birgitta
Adolfsson, Lars
Foldevi, Mats
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To assess the non-pharmacological treatments used and preferred by patients with spinal cord injury and pain. DESIGN: A cross-sectional descriptive study. INTERVENTIONS: One hundred and twenty three patients with spinal cord injury, matched for gender, age, level of lesion and completeness of injury were assessed in 1999 at the Spinalis SCI unit, Stockholm, Sweden and followed-up in a mailed survey 3 years later. In total, 82.1% of the questionnaires (n=101) were returned. Ninety of these patients still suffered pain and were thus included in the study.

Author(s): 
Norrbrink Budh, Cecilia
Lundeberg, Thomas
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of General Practice: The Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners

The aim of the study is to determine which treatments for patients with subacromial pain are trusted by general practitioners (GPs) and physiotherapists, and to compare trusted treatments with evidence from a systematic critical review of the scientific literature. A two-step process was used: a questionnaire (written case simulation) and a systematic critical review. The questionnaire was mailed to 188 GPs and 71 physiotherapists in Sweden. The total response rate was 72% (186/259).

Author(s): 
Johansson, Kajsa
Oberg, Birgitta
Adolfsson, Lars
Foldevi, Mats
Publication Title: 
Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence and content of local clinical guidelines for acupuncture treatment in Swedish labor and postnatal wards. DESIGN: A Swedish national survey. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Presence and content of clinical guidelines for acupuncture. Setting. All Swedish labor and postnatal wards at the time of data collection (April 2007-March 2008). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Enquiry was made on local clinical guidelines for acupuncture treatment at 50 labor and 50 postnatal wards.

Author(s): 
Schytt, Erica
Halvarsson, Anna
Pedersen-Draper, Christina
Mårtensson, Lena
Publication Title: 
The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

BACKGROUND: Most survival studies of the elderly population have set their baselines for first examinations between 60 and 80 years. The rapidly increasing numbers of exceptionally old persons call for knowledge about determinants of exceptional survival. METHODS: The Swedish Centenarian Study followed 100 centenarians from the age of 100 to death of the entire cohort, by age 111 years. A biomedical, psychological, and social multivariate survival analysis was performed based on factors identified as important in earlier studies of older adults.

Author(s): 
Hagberg, Bo
Samuelsson, Gillis
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Immunology

Antibodies (Abs) are critical for immunity to malaria. However, Plasmodium falciparum specific Abs decline rapidly in absence of reinfection, suggesting impaired immunological memory. This study determines whether residents of Sweden that were treated for malaria following international travel maintained long-lasting malaria-specific Abs and memory B cells (MBCs).

Author(s): 
Ndungu, Francis M.
Lundblom, Klara
Rono, Josea
Illingworth, Joseph
Eriksson, Sara
F‰rnert, Anna
Publication Title: 
PharmacoEconomics

This paper reviews definitions of obesity and evidence concerning risk factors for becoming obese. Modifiable aetiological factors, including diet and physical activity, are described, and possible interactions with genetic predisposition are addressed. The impact of obesity on health and quality of life is then considered. Although epidemiological studies have not observed linear associations between increasing weight-for-height and decreasing longevity, there is a consensus that excess mortality occurs at extremely high body mass index values.

Author(s): 
Lissner, L.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Epidemiology

BACKGROUND: To assess the overall influence of diet on health and disease in epidemiological studies, the habitual diet of the study participants has to be captured as a pattern rather than individual foods or nutrients. The simplest way to describe dietary preferences is to separate foods considered beneficial to health from foods considered to promote disease, and separate individuals on the basis of their regular consumption of these foods.

Author(s): 
Michels, Karin B.
Wolk, Alicja
Publication Title: 
Age (Dordrecht, Netherlands)

Dietary pattern analysis represents a useful improvement in the investigation of diet and health relationships. Particularly, the Mediterranean diet pattern has been associated with reduced mortality risk in several studies involving both younger and elderly population groups. In this research, relationships between dietary macronutrient composition, as well as the Mediterranean diet, and total mortality were assessed in 1,037 seventy-year-old subjects (540 females) information.

Author(s): 
Tognon, Gianluca
Rothenberg, Elisabet
Eiben, Gabriele
Sundh, Valter
Winkvist, Anna
Lissner, Lauren
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: A Mediterranean diet has a recognized beneficial effect on health and longevity, with a protective influence on several cancers. However, its association with breast cancer risk remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate whether adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern influences breast cancer risk. DESIGN: The Swedish Women's Lifestyle and Health cohort study includes 49,258 women aged 30 to 49 years at recruitment in 1991-1992. Consumption of foods and beverages was measured at enrollment using a food frequency questionnaire.

Author(s): 
Couto, Elisabeth
Sandin, Sven
Lˆf, Marie
Ursin, Giske
Adami, Hans-Olov
Weiderpass, Elisabete

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