Switzerland

Publication Title: 
Preventive Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To assess the preferred methods to quit smoking among current smokers. METHOD: Cross-sectional, population-based study conducted in Lausanne between 2003 and 2006 including 988 current smokers. Preference was assessed by questionnaire. Evidence-based (EB) methods were nicotine replacement, bupropion, physician or group consultations; non-EB-based methods were acupuncture, hypnosis and autogenic training.

Author(s): 
Marques-Vidal, Pedro
Melich-Cerveira, João
Paccaud, Fred
Waeber, Gérard
Vollenweider, Peter
Cornuz, Jacques
Publication Title: 
Forschende Komplementarmedizin (2006)

The increasing use and practice of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) all over the world raises important ethical issues for health care providers, researchers and policy-makers. This article addresses the equity issues arising in the context of an evaluation of five complementary therapies provided by general practitioners: homeopathy, anthroposophic medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, neural therapy and phytotherapy.

Author(s): 
Marian, Florica
Publication Title: 
Forschende Komplementarmedizin (2006)

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this literature review, performed within the framework of the Swiss governmental Program of Evaluation of Complementary Medicine (PEK), was to investigate costs of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in 11 electronic databases. All retrieved titles and reference lists were also hand-searched. RESULTS: 38 publications were found: 23 on CAM of various definitions (medical and non-medical practitioners, over-the-counter products), 13 on homeopathy, 2 on phytotherapy.

Author(s): 
Maxion-Bergemann, Stefanie
Wolf, Martin
Bornhöft, Gudrun
Matthiessen, Peter F.
Wolf, Ursula
Publication Title: 
Forschende Komplementarmedizin (2006)

INTRODUCTION: The Health Technology Assessment report on effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and appropriateness of homeopathy was compiled on behalf of the Swiss Federal Office for Public Health (BAG) within the framework of the 'Program of Evaluation of Complementary Medicine (PEK)'. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Databases accessible by Internet were systematically searched, complemented by manual search and contacts with experts, and evaluated according to internal and external validity criteria.

Author(s): 
Bornhöft, Gudrun
Wolf, Ursula
von Ammon, Klaus
Righetti, Marco
Maxion-Bergemann, Stefanie
Baumgartner, Stephan
Thurneysen, Andr Eacute
Matthiessen, Peter F.
Publication Title: 
Clinical Therapeutics

BACKGROUND: Symptomatic management is often all that is recommended in children with fever. To date, only 2 nationwide surveys of pediatricians regarding their attitudes toward fever have been published. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the management of children with fever by pediatricians in Switzerland. METHODS: For this survey, an initial close-ended questionnaire was tested and subsequently corrected. Between June 2010 and March 2011, an invitation was sent via electronic mail containing a link to the final version of the questionnaire.

Author(s): 
Lava, Sebastiano A. G.
Simonetti, Giacomo D.
Ramelli, Gian Paolo
Tschumi, Sibylle
Bianchetti, Mario G.
Publication Title: 
Preventive Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To assess the preferred methods to quit smoking among current smokers. METHOD: Cross-sectional, population-based study conducted in Lausanne between 2003 and 2006 including 988 current smokers. Preference was assessed by questionnaire. Evidence-based (EB) methods were nicotine replacement, bupropion, physician or group consultations; non-EB-based methods were acupuncture, hypnosis and autogenic training.

Author(s): 
Marques-Vidal, Pedro
Melich-Cerveira, João
Paccaud, Fred
Waeber, Gérard
Vollenweider, Peter
Cornuz, Jacques
Publication Title: 
Swiss Medical Weekly

The World Health Organization (WHO) assigns high priority to the prevention of non-communicable age-related diseases such as heart disease, cancer, diabetes, stroke and chronic lower respiratory diseases. They are now the leading causes of death, in both industrialised and developing countries, mostly due to increased life expectancy and urbanisation with associated changes in lifestyle and environment. Tobacco smoking, physical inactivity and resulting obesity are established risk factors for many chronic diseases.

Author(s): 
Probst-Hensch, N. M.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Neuroscience: The Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience

Recent evidence suggests that altered expression and epigenetic modification of the glucocorticoid receptor gene (NR3C1) are related to the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The underlying mechanisms, however, remain unknown. Because glucocorticoid receptor signaling is known to regulate emotional memory processes, particularly in men, epigenetic modifications of NR3C1 might affect the strength of traumatic memories.

Author(s): 
Vukojevic, Vanja
Kolassa, Iris-T.
Fastenrath, Matthias
Gschwind, Leo
Spalek, Klara
Milnik, Annette
Heck, Angela
Vogler, Christian
Wilker, Sarah
Demougin, Philippe
Peter, Fabian
Atucha, Erika
Stetak, Attila
Roozendaal, Benno
Elbert, Thomas
Papassotiropoulos, Andreas
de Quervain, Dominique J.-F.
Publication Title: 
Journal International De Bioethique = International Journal of Bioethics

While medicine has made remarkable progress over the last decades, its development has also raised numerous ethical and legal issues. In this context, the question arises as to what framework is needed for research, organ transplants, and medically assisted reproduction. A balance has to be found between scientific freedom, the imperatives of public health and the protection of people ' welfare, rights and human dignity. Those questions have led to the adoption of multiple national laws as well as ethical and legal norms at the international level.

Author(s): 
Sprumont, Dominique
Roduit, Guillaume
Hertig Pea, AgnËs
Publication Title: 
Journal of Religion and Health

Identifying patients' expectations of and need for healthcare chaplaincy is important in terms of appropriate intervention. Therefore, a sample of 612 patients from 32 general hospitals and psychiatric clinics in the German part of Switzerland was surveyed about their expectations of chaplaincy service. A principal component factor analysis of participants' ratings found that the survey items fell into three distinct categories. These were the need for (1) emotional support, (2) help to cope with illness/disease, and (3) religious/spiritual assistance.

Author(s): 
Winter-Pf‰ndler, Urs
Flannelly, Kevin J.

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