Taiwan

Publication Title: 
PloS One

Targeted cancer therapies, with specific molecular targets, ameliorate the side effect issue of radiation and chemotherapy and also point to the development of personalized medicine. Combination of drugs targeting multiple pathways of carcinogenesis is potentially more fruitful. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been tailoring herbal mixtures for individualized healthcare for two thousand years. A systematic study of the patterns of TCM formulas and herbs prescribed to cancers is valuable.

Author(s): 
Chiu, Pei-Hsun
Hsieh, Hsin-Ying
Wang, Sun-Chong
Publication Title: 
PloS One

OBJECTIVES: The increasing use of complementary, alternative medicine (CAM) and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has attracted attention. We report on the gender difference in TCM use among the general population in Taiwan in a population-based, cross-sectional study. METHODS: We collected data on socio-demographic factors, lifestyle and health behavior from the 2001 Taiwan National Health Interview Survey. The medical records of interviewees aged 20-69 years were obtained from National Health Insurance claims data with informed consent.

Author(s): 
Shih, Chun-Chuan
Liao, Chien-Chang
Su, Yi-Chang
Tsai, Chin-Chuan
Lin, Jaung-Geng
Publication Title: 
Pediatrics

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Traditional chinese medicine (TCM) is one of the most commonly used complementary and alternative medicines. However, there is a paucity of epidemiologic reports on features of pediatric TCM users. As TCM services are fully reimbursed by National Health Insurance in Taiwan, this study used a nationwide cohort database to investigate demographics, diseases patterns, and parents' characteristics of pediatric TCM users. METHODS: Children aged <12 years were extracted from the National Health Insurance Research Database for analysis.

Author(s): 
Chen, Hsing-Yu
Lin, Yi-Hsuan
Wu, Jau-Ching
Chen, Yu-Chun
Thien, Peck-Foong
Chen, Tzeng-Ji
Yang, Sien-Hung
Chen, Jiun-Liang
Lo, Su-Shun
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is one of the most popular complementary and alternative medicine modalities worldwide. In Chinese and East Asian societies, TCM plays an active role in the modern health care system and is even covered by the National Health Insurance Program of Taiwan. Liver cancer is the second most common cancer in Taiwan. This study aimed to analyze the TCM utilization patterns of patients with liver cancer from 1996-2007 using a population-based random sample of one million insured patients.

Author(s): 
Liao, Yueh-Hsiang
Lin, Cheng-Chieh
Li, Tsai-Chung
Lin, Jaung-Geng
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) continues to increase in Taiwan. This study examined the use of CAM and beliefs about CAM as expressed by patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Taiwan. METHODS: TBI patients and their accompanying relatives were interviewed by using a structured questionnaire at an outpatient clinic in a medical center in northern Taiwan. RESULTS: A total of 101 patients with TBI participated in the study. Sixty-four (63%) patients had used at least one form of CAM after sustaining TBI.

Author(s): 
Gau, Bih-Shya
Yang, Hsiao-Ling
Huang, Sheng-Jean
Lou, Meei-Fang
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether the tongue inspection technique in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) can be used as a noninvasive auxiliary diagnostic tool to differentiate the subtypes of peptic ulcer disease (PUD) and as an indicator of therapeutic efficacy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 198 outpatients from the China Medical University Hospital were recruited. The control group comprised 50 healthy adults.

Author(s): 
Wang, Hwang-Huei
Pan, Chun-Hsu
Wu, Ping-Ping
Luo, Shu-Fang
Lin, Hung-Jen
Wu, Chieh-Hsi
Publication Title: 
Trials

BACKGROUND: Cancer is one of the major health issues worldwide. An increasing number of cancer patients are offered treatment with surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is one of the most common complementary therapies offered to cancer patients in Taiwan. We designed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of TCM in patients with cancer.

Author(s): 
Lo, Lun-Chien
Chen, Chia-Yun
Chen, Shou-Tung
Chen, Hung-Chang
Lee, Tsung-Chieh
Chang, Cheng-Shyong
Publication Title: 
PloS One

INTRODUCTION: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), which encompass storage, voiding, and postmicturition symptoms, are highly prevalent and recognized globally. Based on a nationwide population-based database, this study tests the hypothesis that medical attendance for LUTS is associated with a subsequent increase in the number of outpatient visits and hospitalizations, with differences among medical specialties and age groups.

Author(s): 
Wu, Ming-Ping
Weng, Shih-Feng
Hsu, Ya-Wen
Wang, Jhi-Joung
Kuo, Hann-Chorng
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Large-scale pharmaco-epidemiological studies of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) for treatment of urticaria are few, even though clinical trials showed some CHM are effective. The purpose of this study was to explore the frequencies and patterns of CHM prescriptions for urticaria by analysing the population-based CHM database in Taiwan. METHODS: This study was linked to and processed through the complete traditional CHM database of the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan during 2009.

Author(s): 
Chien, Pei-Shan
Tseng, Yu-Fang
Hsu, Yao-Chin
Lai, Yu-Kai
Weng, Shih-Feng
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine

BACKGROUND: Ethnobotanical studies on the use of plants amongst migrant populations are of great relevance to public health. Traditional health strategies, which incorporate plants as medicines, foods, or both - can play an important role in individual well-being. However, at the same time, migrant populations' traditional knowledge of such practices may be under a state of greater threat of decline due to factors such as limited access to the plant materials and physical isolation from the homeland, which serves as the primary living reservoir for this knowledge.

Author(s): 
Jiang, Sandy
Quave, Cassandra L.

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