Technology Assessment, Biomedical

Publication Title: 
JAMA

OBJECTIVE: To provide physicians with a responsible assessment of the integration of behavioral and relaxation approaches into the treatment of chronic pain and insomnia. PARTICIPANTS: A nonfederal, nonadvocate, 12-member panel representing the fields of family medicine, social medicine, psychiatry, psychology, public health, nursing, and epidemiology.

Publication Title: 
Forschende Komplementarmedizin (2006)

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this literature review, performed within the framework of the Swiss governmental Program of Evaluation of Complementary Medicine (PEK), was to investigate costs of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in 11 electronic databases. All retrieved titles and reference lists were also hand-searched. RESULTS: 38 publications were found: 23 on CAM of various definitions (medical and non-medical practitioners, over-the-counter products), 13 on homeopathy, 2 on phytotherapy.

Author(s): 
Maxion-Bergemann, Stefanie
Wolf, Martin
Bornhöft, Gudrun
Matthiessen, Peter F.
Wolf, Ursula
Publication Title: 
Forschende Komplementarmedizin (2006)

INTRODUCTION: The Health Technology Assessment report on effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and appropriateness of homeopathy was compiled on behalf of the Swiss Federal Office for Public Health (BAG) within the framework of the 'Program of Evaluation of Complementary Medicine (PEK)'. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Databases accessible by Internet were systematically searched, complemented by manual search and contacts with experts, and evaluated according to internal and external validity criteria.

Author(s): 
Bornhöft, Gudrun
Wolf, Ursula
von Ammon, Klaus
Righetti, Marco
Maxion-Bergemann, Stefanie
Baumgartner, Stephan
Thurneysen, Andr Eacute
Matthiessen, Peter F.
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

BACKGROUND: The quality of information gathered from homeopathic pathogenetic trials (HPTs), also known as 'provings', is fundamental to homeopathy. We systematically reviewed HPTs published in six languages (English, German, Spanish, French, Portuguese and Dutch) from 1945 to 1995, to assess their quality in terms of the validity of the information they provide. METHODS: The literature was comprehensively searched, only published reports of HPTs were included. Information was extracted by two reviewers per trial using a form with 87 items.

Author(s): 
Dantas, F.
Fisher, P.
Walach, H.
Wieland, F.
Rastogi, D. P.
Teixeira, H.
Koster, D.
Jansen, J. P.
Eizayaga, J.
Alvarez, M. E. P.
Marim, M.
Belon, P.
Weckx, L. L. M.
Publication Title: 
GMS health technology assessment

BACKGROUND: The prevalence, diagnostics and therapy of the burnout syndrome are increasingly discussed in the public. The unclear definition and diagnostics of the burnout syndrome are scientifically criticized. There are several therapies with unclear evidence for the treatment of burnout in existence. OBJECTIVES: The health technology assessment (HTA) report deals with the question of usage and efficacy of different burnout therapies. METHODS: For the years 2006 to 2011, a systematic literature research was done in 31 electronic databases (e.g. EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO).

Author(s): 
Korczak, Dieter
Wastian, Monika
Schneider, Michael
Publication Title: 
BMC medical research methodology

BACKGROUND: The reasoning behind evaluating medical interventions is that a hierarchy of methods exists which successively produce improved and therefore more rigorous evidence based medicine upon which to make clinical decisions. At the foundation of this hierarchy are case studies, retrospective and prospective case series, followed by cohort studies with historical and concomitant non-randomized controls. Open-label randomized controlled studies (RCTs), and finally blinded, placebo-controlled RCTs, which offer most internal validity are considered the most reliable evidence.

Author(s): 
Walach, Harald
Falkenberg, Torkel
Fønnebø, Vinjar
Lewith, George
Jonas, Wayne B.
Publication Title: 
BMC medical research methodology

BACKGROUND: The reasoning behind evaluating medical interventions is that a hierarchy of methods exists which successively produce improved and therefore more rigorous evidence based medicine upon which to make clinical decisions. At the foundation of this hierarchy are case studies, retrospective and prospective case series, followed by cohort studies with historical and concomitant non-randomized controls. Open-label randomized controlled studies (RCTs), and finally blinded, placebo-controlled RCTs, which offer most internal validity are considered the most reliable evidence.

Author(s): 
Walach, Harald
Falkenberg, Torkel
Fønnebø, Vinjar
Lewith, George
Jonas, Wayne B.
Publication Title: 
GMS health technology assessment

BACKGROUND: Menopause is described as the transition from the reproductive phase of a women to the non reproductive. Changes in hormone levels might lead to complaints and health consequences especially during peri- and postmenopause. Hormone therapy has a potential damaging health risk profile and is recommended for temporal limited therapy for acute vasomotor symptoms only.

Author(s): 
Aidelsburger, Pamela
Schauer, Svenja
Grabein, Kristin
Wasem, Jürgen
Publication Title: 
Contraception, Fertilite, Sexualite (1992)

A major date and a major change for our society, hormonal contraception had to battle against law and against medicine. Changing women's status, it gave them a new freedom. But what of the traditional role models, man and woman's relationship to each other, what of their approach to love and sexuality? That is the question...

Author(s): 
Lachowsky, M.
Publication Title: 
JAMA

OBJECTIVE: To provide physicians with a responsible assessment of the integration of behavioral and relaxation approaches into the treatment of chronic pain and insomnia. PARTICIPANTS: A nonfederal, nonadvocate, 12-member panel representing the fields of family medicine, social medicine, psychiatry, psychology, public health, nursing, and epidemiology.

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