In senescent cells, a DNA damage response drives not only irreversible loss of replicative capacity but also production and secretion of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and bioactive peptides including pro-inflammatory cytokines. This makes senescent cells a potential cause of tissue functional decline in aging. To our knowledge, we show here for the first time evidence suggesting that DNA damage induces a senescence-like state in mature postmitotic neurons in vivo.
Caloric restriction (CR), a reduction of food intake while avoiding malnutrition, can delay the onset of cancer and age-related diseases in several species, including mice. In addition, depending of the genetic background, CR can also increase or decrease mouse longevity. This has highlighted the importance of identifying the molecular pathways that interplay with CR in modulating longevity. Significant lifespan extension in mice has been recently achieved through over-expression of the catalytic subunit of mouse telomerase (mTERT) in a cancer protective background.
Di 1 jun yi da xue xue bao = Academic journal of the first medical college of PLA
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of classical traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions that function to promote blood circulation and removing blood stasis on the metastatic behavior of malignant tumors, and explore the possible mechanisms of such effects.
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao = Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of Shoushen Granule, a compound traditional Chinese herbal medicine, on telomere length and telomerase activity in peripheral leukocytes and vascular cells, artery wall lesions and blood lipid in a Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat model of atherosclerosis. METHODS: Forty SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group, model group, Shoushen Granule group and Western medicine group with 10 in each group. The rat model of atherosclerosis was established by high-fat diet and vitamin D3 loading.
Annals of Behavioral Medicine: A Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue is common in the general population. Complementary therapies are often used by patients with chronic fatigue or chronic fatigue syndrome to manage their symptoms. PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the effect of a 4-month qigong intervention program among patients with chronic fatigue or chronic fatigue syndrome. METHODS: Sixty-four participants were randomly assigned to either an intervention group or a wait list control group. Outcome measures included fatigue symptoms, physical functioning, mental functioning, and telomerase activity.