OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific validity of published papers on the efficacy of acupuncture in dentistry based on predefined methodological criteria. MATERIALS: A literature search performed by the Royal Society of Medicine and the University Library, Copenhagen, Denmark was able to identify 74 papers written in English, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Italian, French and Russian published between 1966 and 1996.
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the data from randomized controlled trials of acupuncture for temporomandibular joint dysfunction. METHODS: Four independent computerized literature searches were performed. Only randomized trials were admitted in which acupuncture was tested vs sham acupuncture, standard therapy, or no treatment at all. Data were extracted in a predefined, standardized fashion. RESULTS: Six reports met the inclusion and exclusion criteria, representing 3 distinct trials.
BACKGROUND: Pain dysfunction syndrome (PDS) is the most common temporomandibular disorder (TMD). There are many synonyms for this condition including facial arthromylagia, TMJ dysfunction syndrome, myofacial pain dysfunction syndrome, craniomandibular dysfunction and myofacial pain dysfunction. The aetiology of PDS is multifactorial and many different therapies have been advocated. OBJECTIVES: To establish the effectiveness of stabilisation splint therapy in reducing symptoms in patients with pain dysfunction syndrome.
This study aimed at providing an answer to two clinical questions related to patients with masticatory muscle pain: 1) Does the use of a full-coverage hard acrylic occlusal appliance (stabilization splint) lead to a significant decrease of symptoms? and 2) Is the treatment success achieved with a stabilization splint more pronounced than the success attained with other forms of treatment (including placebo treatment) or no treatment?
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to assess the clinical evidence for or against acupuncture and acupuncture-like therapies as treatments for temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD). DATA: This systematic review includes randomized clinical trials (RCTs) of acupuncture as a treatment for TMD compared to sham acupuncture. The search terms were selected according to medical subject heading (MeSH).
A continuing study at the Oro-Facial Pain Clinic. The Royal Dental Hospital of Melbourne has demonstrated that hypnotherapy is a useful tool in the management of previously resistant, chronic facial pain disorders, discomfort conditions and dental phobic illness.
This article, jointly authored by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon and a psychiatrist, presents two case studies of conjoint treatment of the temporomandibular joint pain dysfunction syndrome. The authors present a short review from the literature that supports the multifactorial etiology of temporomandibular joint dysfunction and provide, in two case studies, a combination of conservative dental treatment and hypnotherapy.
Sixty-one patients clearly diagnosed as suffering from Temporo-Mandibular Pain and Dysfunction Syndrome (TMPDS) were randomly assigned to one of three groups, 1) hypnosis and cognitive coping skills, 2) relaxation and cognitive coping skills, or 3) a no-treatment control group. All patients were evaluated with a standard hypnotic susceptibility scale before treatment. The two treatment groups received four weekly sessions of their respective treatments.
A 17-year-old girl with temporomandibular joint disease who had been treated with the usual types of treatment for 8 1/2 years by multiple clinicians was treated using hypnosis as an adjunct. The treatment, which is described in detail, was successful for 6 months until the patient transferred to an urban college where additional academic and personal pressures caused her bruxism symptoms to reappear. Probable causes of the relapse are discussed.