Thermography

Publication Title: 
Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering

In Western society, acupuncture is becoming a popular complementary method to medical treatment. However, a scientific understanding of acupuncture has not been completely developed but will absolutely be necessary for the increased acceptance of acupuncture by the Western medical community. This first part of the review article describes, in a general introduction, milestones of acupuncture research within the last 30 years and in a specific part the possibilities and limitations of infrared thermography, a noninvasive biomedical engineering method, within acupuncture research.

Author(s): 
Litscher, Gerhard
Publication Title: 
Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering

In Western society, acupuncture is becoming a popular complementary method to medical treatment. However, a scientific understanding of acupuncture has not been completely developed but will absolutely be necessary for the increased acceptance of acupuncture by the Western medical community. This first part of the review article describes, in a general introduction, milestones of acupuncture research within the last 30 years and in a specific part the possibilities and limitations of infrared thermography, a noninvasive biomedical engineering method, within acupuncture research.

Author(s): 
Litscher, Gerhard
Publication Title: 
Zhurnal Vysshe? Nervno? Deiatelnosti Imeni I P Pavlova

By the method of forced immobilization the rabbits were brought into the state of "animal hypnosis" (immobilization reflex), and their ECoG was recorded, which was further processed on the computer. It was found that during hypnosis a functional interhemispheric brain asymmetry was developed in rabbits with activity predominance in the right hemisphere. The "animal hypnosis" is a phasic process: in the ECoG of the rabbit under hypnosis a regular alternation of delta and theta activity takes place.

Author(s): 
Petrova, E. V.
Luchkova, T. I.
Kuznetsova, G. D.
Publication Title: 
Zhurnal Vysshe? Nervno? Deiatelnosti Imeni I P Pavlova

The character of interaction between two dominant foci (motivation hunger dominant and "animal hypnosis") which had been formed in the rabbit brain was ambiguous: the foci could either function simultaneously or compete. In the first case, summation food reactions were observed when the hunger dominant was tested during a hypnotic episode against the background of deep and continuous hypnotic state. Brain thermal activity was asymmetric the temperature being higher in the parieto-occipital areas of the left hemisphere.

Author(s): 
Malikova, A. K.
Petrova, E. V.
Publication Title: 
Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova (Moscow, Russia: 1952)

Results of treating 181 patients for hemiparesis after a cerebral stroke or a craniocerebral injury by local exposure of the pathological focus to decimeter electromagnetic waves (DW) and alternating magnetic field (AMF) are presented. It is shown that these treatment methods improve the cerebral circulation and contribute to earlier restoration of the motor functions, especially, if used in combination with sulfide baths, therapeutic physical exercises and massage.

Author(s): 
Strelkova, N. I.
Gavrilkov, A. T.
Diuzhilova, N. F.
Strel'tsova, E. N.
Publication Title: 
Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, I Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury

Comparative trials of two methods of cryoelectroimpulse therapy in combination with kinesitherapy and massage performed in 132 patients with osteoarthritis (OA) demonstrated that both methods relieve pain syndrome, improve peripheral circulation, condition of the neuromuscular system. Overall course effectiveness of parallel use of cryotherapy and transcutaneous electroneurostimulation (cryo-TCENS) combined with exercise and massage was found less than that of cryotherapy and sinusoidal modulated currents (cryoamplipulsetherapy).

Author(s): 
Suzdal'nitskiĭ, D. V.
Grigor'eva, V. D.
Fedorova, N. E.
Strel'tsova, E. N.
Tarasova, L. Iu
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: This study examines the potential usefulness of a novel thermal imaging technique in the assessment of local physiologic responses before and after conservative therapies for coccygodynia. METHODS: Patients with coccygodynia were selected on the basis of detailed history taking, clinical examination, and dynamic series radiography. They underwent therapeutic modalities consisting of 6 to 8 sessions of manual medicine treatments (massage of the levators followed by Maigne's manipulative technique) and external physiotherapy (short-wave diathermy) 3 times a week for 8 weeks.

Author(s): 
Wu, Chin-Li
Yu, Kwong-Leung
Chuang, Hung-Yi
Huang, Mao-Hsiung
Chen, Tien-Wen
Chen, Chia-Hsin
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to determine the effect of therapeutic massage on peripheral blood flow utilizing dynamic infrared thermography in a constant temperature/humidity thermal chamber to assess noncontact skin temperature. DESIGN: The design was a repeated-measures crossover experimental design; the independent variable was treatment condition (massage, light touch, control). SETTING: The study setting was a university research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Seventeen (17) healthy volunteers (8 males/9 females; age = 23.29 +/- 3.06) took part in the study.

Author(s): 
Sefton, Joellen M.
Yarar, Ceren
Berry, Jack W.
Pascoe, David D.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

A Video Integrated Measurement (VIM) System is described which incorporates the use of various noninvasive diagnostic procedures (moire contourography, electromyography, posturometry, infrared thermography, etc.), used individually or in combination, for the evaluation of neuromusculoskeletal and other disorders and their management with biofeedback and other therapeutic procedures.

Author(s): 
Spector, B.
Eilbert, L.
Finando, S.
Fukuda, F.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

The use of neuromusculoskeletal thermography is rapidly increasing. Recent studies have begun to document the types of diagnostic and other clinically useful information which may be derived from the procedure. This paper provides a review and summary of current research and a comparison with myelography, computerized tomography, electromyography and clinical and surgical findings in cases of presumed musculoskeletal pain syndromes. The importance of diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value, and accuracy (validity) are discussed.

Author(s): 
Meeker, W. C.
Gahlinger, P. M.

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