Tomography, X-Ray Computed

Publication Title: 
Journal of Pediatric Urology

INTRODUCTION: Some children who sustain high-grade blunt renal injury may require operative intervention. In the present study, it was hypothesized that there are computed tomography (CT) characteristics that can identify which of these children are most likely to need operative intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of all pediatric blunt renal trauma patients at a single level-I trauma center from 1990 to 2015.

Author(s): 
Au, J. K.
Tan, X.
Sidani, M.
Stanasel, I.
Roth, D. R.
Koh, C. J.
Seth, A.
Gargollo, P. C.
Tu, D.
Gonzales, E. T.
Smith, T. G.
Janzen, N.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic degenerative autoimmune disease characterized by persistent inflammation of synovial membranes, which leads to cartilage destruction and bone erosion. To date, there are no effective therapies to slow the progress of this degenerative condition. Here, we evaluate the anti-arthritic effect of chebulanin, an abundant anti-inflammatory agent isolated from Terminalia chebula, in collagen induced arthritis in DBA/1 mice by intragastric administration.

Author(s): 
Zhao, Yinglan
Liu, Fang
Liu, Yao
Zhou, Dan
Dai, Qing
Liu, Songqing
Publication Title: 
Radiographics: A Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc

Computed tomographic (CT) cystography has been advocated in lieu of conventional cystography in the initial work-up of patients with suspected urinary bladder trauma. CT cystography was applied to a classification scheme for bladder injury based on the degree of wall injury and anatomic location and demonstrated characteristic imaging features for each type of injury. In bladder contusion (type 1), findings are normal.

Author(s): 
Vaccaro, J. P.
Brody, J. M.
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Psychiatry: The Journal of Mental Science

BACKGROUND: The mental status examination of an extreme case of longevity, J. C., aged 118 years and 9 months, is documented in order to further knowledge regarding profiles of morbidity in the extremely elderly. J. C. is presently considered to have the longest authenticated life-span in the history of the human species. METHOD: Neuropsychological tests were improvised taking into account the subject's severe perceptual deficits. The examination was carried out over a six-month period. A CT scan was also conducted.

Author(s): 
Ritchie, K.
Publication Title: 
Atherosclerosis

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether telomerase activity, measured in circulating blood leukocytes, might be associated with prevalent atherosclerosis, or predict future coronary artery disease risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined associations of telomerase activity levels measured at year 15 in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study with prevalent coronary artery calcium (CAC), progressive CAC at year 20, and incident CAC between years 15 and 20, in 440 black and white men aged 33-45 years. Telomere length was also measured in a subset of participants (N=129).

Author(s): 
Kroenke, Candyce H.
Pletcher, Mark J.
Lin, Jue
Blackburn, Elizabeth
Adler, Nancy
Matthews, Karen
Epel, Elissa
Publication Title: 
Atherosclerosis

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether telomerase activity, measured in circulating blood leukocytes, might be associated with prevalent atherosclerosis, or predict future coronary artery disease risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined associations of telomerase activity levels measured at year 15 in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study with prevalent coronary artery calcium (CAC), progressive CAC at year 20, and incident CAC between years 15 and 20, in 440 black and white men aged 33-45 years. Telomere length was also measured in a subset of participants (N=129).

Author(s): 
Kroenke, Candyce H.
Pletcher, Mark J.
Lin, Jue
Blackburn, Elizabeth
Adler, Nancy
Matthews, Karen
Epel, Elissa
Publication Title: 
Thorax

BACKGROUND: Earlier diagnosis of lung cancer is key to reducing mortality. New evidence suggests that smokers have negative attitudes to screening and participation in lung cancer screening trials is poor (<1 in 6 of those eligible). Understanding participation is important since uptake in screening trials is likely to predict uptake in screening programmes. A qualitative study of people accepting and declining participation in the Lung-SEARCH screening trial was conducted. Two questions were addressed: Are the screening methods offered acceptable to patients?

Author(s): 
Patel, Deesha
Akporobaro, Ajiri
Chinyanganya, Nyasha
Hackshaw, Allan
Seale, Clive
Spiro, Stephen G.
Griffiths, Chris
Lung-SEARCH Investigators
Publication Title: 
Pediatric Annals

Many different practice models for radiology sedation can provide satisfactory patient care. Adherence to recognized safety standards and the training and experience of sedation providers are critical for a successful program. Pediatricians should develop an appreciation of safe practices in the radiologic environment and the requirements related to individual studies and procedures. Sedation needs in radiology are diverse. Imaging procedures such as MRI, CT, and nuclear medicine studies require hypnosis to achieve results without motion artifact.

Author(s): 
Boswinkel, Jan P.
Litman, Ronald S.
Publication Title: 
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi = Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi = Chinese Journal of Hepatology
Author(s): 
Chen, Li
He, Zhi-yi
He, Shan-ming
Zhang, Ling
Huang, Bin
Tu, Yuan-yun
Zhang, Hong-xing
Jiang, Yang-kun
Li, Yi-zhong
Publication Title: 
Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry

INTRODUCTION: Lead poisoning is most commonly caused by occupational exposure. It presents with a myriad of signs and symptoms ranging from mild anemia to frank encephalopathy, depending on the blood lead levels as well as the duration of exposure. Intake of herbal/Ayurvedic medicine may also lead to plumbism as heavy metals are often incorporated in such medications with the belief that such metals have medicinal properties. METHODS: We report a case of lead poisoning caused by Ayurvedic medication. The patient presented with symptoms of intestinal obstruction to the surgical casualty.

Author(s): 
Gupta, Nikhil
Goswami, Binita
Singh, Nahar
B C Koner, null
Garg, Ramesh

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