Transients and Migrants

Publication Title: 
Annals of Transplantation

BACKGROUND: Incentives and reciprocity have been widely debated within the literature as an alternative to altruism to motivate the public to register and consent to organ donation. This pilot study was the first to examine the views of the UK Polish migrant community toward these issues. MATERIAL/METHODS: One-to-one and small group interviews were conducted in English and Polish to collect data. The interviews were recorded and transcribed and interviews in Polish were translated into English.

Author(s): 
Sharp, Chloe
Randhawa, Gurch
Publication Title: 
La Medicina Del Lavoro

Similarly to Daniele Pometta (1869-1949) on the northern front, Giuseppe Volante (1870-1936) from Turin, a valid clinician and hygiene expert was the field doctor for the firm of Brandt, Brandau e C., on the southern part of the Simplon tunnel for the whole period of its excavation (1898-1906). He meticulously organised and carried out with determination the main mission entrusted him which was to prevent the hookworm epidemic which a mere twenty years earlier had cast its shadow over the St. Gotthard tunnel.

Author(s): 
Volante, G.
Publication Title: 
Nature

Inclusive fitness models predict many commonly observed behaviours: among humans, studies of within-household violence, the allocation of food and child care find that people favour those to whom they are more closely related. In some cases however, kin-altruism effects appear to be modest. Do individuals favour kin to the extent that kin-altruism models predict? Data on remittances sent by South African migrant workers to their rural households of origin allow an explicit test, to our knowledge the first of its kind for humans.

Author(s): 
Bowles, S.
Posel, D.
Publication Title: 
Annals of Transplantation

BACKGROUND: Incentives and reciprocity have been widely debated within the literature as an alternative to altruism to motivate the public to register and consent to organ donation. This pilot study was the first to examine the views of the UK Polish migrant community toward these issues. MATERIAL/METHODS: One-to-one and small group interviews were conducted in English and Polish to collect data. The interviews were recorded and transcribed and interviews in Polish were translated into English.

Author(s): 
Sharp, Chloe
Randhawa, Gurch
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: Population movements along the Thailand-Cambodia border, particularly among highly mobile and hard-to-access migrant groups from Cambodia and Myanmar, are assumed to play a key role in the spread of artemisinin resistance. Data on treatment-seeking behaviours, knowledge and perceptions about malaria, and use of preventive measures is lacking as characteristics of this population prevent them from being represented in routine surveillance and the lack of a sampling frame makes reliable surveys challenging.

Author(s): 
Wangroongsarb, Piyaporn
Satimai, Wichai
Khamsiriwatchara, Amnat
Thwing, Julie
Eliades, James M.
Kaewkungwal, Jaranit
Delacollette, Charles
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: Reliable information on mobility patterns of migrants is a crucial part of the strategy to contain the spread of artemisinin-resistant malaria parasites in South-East Asia, and may also be helpful to efforts to address other public health problems for migrants and members of host communities. In order to limit the spread of malarial drug resistance, the malaria prevention and control programme will need to devise strategies to reach cross-border and mobile migrant populations.

Author(s): 
Khamsiriwatchara, Amnat
Wangroongsarb, Piyaporn
Thwing, Julie
Eliades, James
Satimai, Wichai
Delacollette, Charles
Kaewkungwal, Jaranit
Publication Title: 
PLoS medicine

BACKGROUND: The Shoklo Malaria Research Unit has been working on the Thai-Myanmar border for 25 y providing early diagnosis and treatment (EDT) of malaria. Transmission of Plasmodium falciparum has declined, but resistance to artesunate has emerged. We expanded malaria activities through EDT and evaluated the impact over a 12-y period. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Between 1 October 1999 and 30 September 2011, the Shoklo Malaria Research Unit increased the number of cross-border (Myanmar side) health facilities from two to 11 and recorded the number of malaria consultations.

Author(s): 
Carrara, Verena I.
Lwin, Khin Maung
Phyo, Aung Pyae
Ashley, Elizabeth
Wiladphaingern, Jacher
Sriprawat, Kanlaya
Rijken, Marcus
Boel, Machteld
McGready, Rose
Proux, Stephane
Chu, Cindy
Singhasivanon, Pratap
White, Nicholas
Nosten, François
Publication Title: 
BMC public health

BACKGROUND: Mobile populations are at a high risk of malaria infection and suspected to carry and spread resistant parasites. The Myanmar National Malaria Control Programme focuses on preventive interventions and vector control measures for the temporary mobile/migrant workers in Myanmar Artemisinin Resistance Containment Zones. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in 2012 in Kawthaung and Bokepyin townships of Tanintharyi Region, Myanmar, covering 192 mobile/migrant aggregates.

Author(s): 
Wai, Khin Thet
Kyaw, Myat Phone
Oo, Tin
Zaw, PeThet
Nyunt, Myat Htut
Thida, Moe
Kyaw, Thar Tun
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

Using the concepts frontier and interface the introduction and spreading of modern Western medicine in Nepal and its relations to other medical systems are described and analyzed. Medical systems do not prevail in the same degree in all places; we may call the geographic areas of concentration the core areas or center(s) of medical systems and the remaining areas their periphery. The frontier of a medical system is defined as that part of the periphery where the presence of the system is increasing.

Author(s): 
Streefland, P.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Cultural Diversity

Praying for issues related to health can be a very important aspect in peoples' lives. Since research on this practice is limited, a qualitative study was conducted that explored the use of prayer in Hispanic migrant farmworkers diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Eighteen farmworkers were interviewed and asked two specific questions with multiple probes to elicit information regarding their religious practices and prayer. Responses regarding religious practices were extremely limited whereas the farmworkers expounded on the question relating to prayer.

Author(s): 
Bergland, Jane Elizabeth
Heuer, Loretta
Lausch, Cheryl

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