Transportation

Publication Title: 
Health Economics

In this study, the convergent validity of the contingent valuation method (CVM) and travel cost method (TCM) is tested by comparing estimates of the willingness to pay (WTP) for improving access to mammographic screening in rural areas of Australia. It is based on a telephone survey of 458 women in 19 towns, in which they were asked about their recent screening behaviour and their WTP to have a mobile screening unit visit their nearest town.

Author(s): 
Clarke, Philip M.
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: Delayed clearance of Plasmodium falciparum parasites is used as an operational indicator of potential artemisinin resistance. Effective community-based systems to detect P. falciparum cases remaining positive 72 hours after initiating treatment would be valuable for guiding case follow-up in areas of known resistance risk and for detecting areas of emerging resistance. METHODS: Systems incorporating existing networks of village malaria workers (VMWs) to monitor day three-positive P. falciparum cases were piloted in three provinces in western Cambodia.

Author(s): 
Cox, Jonathan
Dy Soley, Lek
Bunkea, Tol
Sovannaroth, Siv
Soy Ty, Kheang
Ngak, Song
Bjorge, Steven
Ringwald, Pascal
Mellor, Steven
Sintasath, David
Meek, Sylvia
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychosomatic Research

OBJECTIVE: Alexithymia, a lack of emotional awareness, was positively associated with self-reported low back pain (LBP) in cross-sectional studies. We assessed the association of alexithymia with 7.5-year incidence of LBP prospectively in a cohort study of 1207 San Francisco transit operators. METHODS: Alexithymia was measured by the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20). LBP was assessed by physician-confirmed diagnoses from administrative workers' compensation data.

Author(s): 
Mehling, Wolf E.
Krause, Niklas
Publication Title: 
Contemporary Clinical Trials

A successful clinical trial is dependent on recruitment. Between December 2003 and February 2006, our team successfully enrolled 289 participants in a large, single-center, randomized placebo-controlled trial (RCT) studying the impact of the patient-doctor relationship and acupuncture on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients.

Author(s): 
Chin Feman, Siu Ping
Nguyen, Long T.
Quilty, Mary T.
Kerr, Catherine E.
Nam, Bong Hyun
Conboy, Lisa A.
Singer, Joyce P.
Park, Min
Lembo, Anthony J.
Kaptchuk, Ted J.
Davis, Roger B.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Animal Science

The objectives of this study were to determine the influence of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product on innate immunity and intestinal microbial ecology after weaning and transport stress. In a randomized complete block design, before weaning and in a split-plot analysis of a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of yeast culture (YY) and transport (TT) after weaning, 3-d-old pigs (n = 108) were randomly assigned within litter (block) to either a control (NY, milk only) or yeast culture diet (YY; delivered in milk to provide 0.1 g of yeast culture product/kg of BW) from d 4 to 21.

Author(s): 
Weedman, S. M.
Rostagno, M. H.
Patterson, J. A.
Yoon, I.
Fitzner, G.
Eicher, S. D.
Publication Title: 
Contemporary Clinical Trials

A successful clinical trial is dependent on recruitment. Between December 2003 and February 2006, our team successfully enrolled 289 participants in a large, single-center, randomized placebo-controlled trial (RCT) studying the impact of the patient-doctor relationship and acupuncture on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients.

Author(s): 
Chin Feman, Siu Ping
Nguyen, Long T.
Quilty, Mary T.
Kerr, Catherine E.
Nam, Bong Hyun
Conboy, Lisa A.
Singer, Joyce P.
Park, Min
Lembo, Anthony J.
Kaptchuk, Ted J.
Davis, Roger B.
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