Tuberculosis, Pulmonary

Publication Title: 
Gesnerus

The paper deals with Clarissa's wasting combination of love and religious melancholy, and the way in which ailments of the mind have an immediate effect on the body in this period. George Cheyne's theories of melancholy and hypochondria explain at least some of the mechanisms by which the eighteenth century understood this phenomenon. 'Clarissa' is an important text because it influenced so many later representations of melancholy, especially as it is gendered feminine in Richardson's newly feminised discourse of sensibility.

Author(s): 
Lawlor, Clark
Publication Title: 
Zentralblatt Fur Chirurgie

Thoracoscopy is an invasive form of endoscopy which, however, can be performed with the patient in local anaesthesia. Hence, when it comes to patients, for example, in somewhat advanced age and thus with the surgical risk clearly increased, it can be used as the smallest possible intervention to clear up causes of effusions of unknown origin and can thus be helpful in avoiding an otherwise necessary operation with all associated possible complications.

Author(s): 
Elfeldt, R.
Schrˆder, D.
Beske, C.
Publication Title: 
JONA'S healthcare law, ethics and regulation

A male patient was admitted to the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) unit for hemodialysis. His history revealed that he was homeless and that he had tested positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV+). He also had a history of alcohol and intravenous drug abuse and tuberculosis. Based on the results of a chest X-ray, he was placed in respiratory isolation. During the next few days of his hospitalization, he exhibited nonadherent behavior toward the treatment regime.

Author(s): 
Bosek, M. S.
Burton, L. A.
Savage, T. A.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease: The Official Journal of the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease

SETTING: The Northern Cape province, Republic of South Africa. OBJECTIVES: To explore factors that motivate lay volunteers to join tuberculosis (TB) control programmes in high burden but resource-limited settings. DESIGN: A qualitative study consisting of three focus group discussions and a documentary review of the records of 347 lay volunteers involved in the tuberculosis programme in the Northern Cape province of South Africa. Additional data were also collected in a cross-sectional study that involved questionnaire interviews with 135 lay volunteers.

Author(s): 
Kironde, S.
Klaasen, S.
Publication Title: 
Voenno-Medit?sinski? Zhurnal

The authors sum up the results of phyto-, aromatherapy and marmot fat complex treatment of 64 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. In a two-month treatment course in 81.8-95.6% of patients the symptoms of tuberculosis intoxication had disappeared, the body mass increased and the bacteria discharge stopped. It proves that traditional medicine means and methods can be recommended for the rehabilitation periods of tuberculosis patients.

Author(s): 
Petrosian, F. K.
L'vov, S. I.
Levchenko, G. I.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

Terminalia arjuna is an important cardiotonic plant described in the Ayurveda, the ancient Indian medical science. It is also believed to have the ability to cure hepatic, urogenital, venereal and viral diseases. An attempt is made here to analyse the available drug recipes using this plant from Sanskrit literature in the light of modern scientific knowledge. The chemistry and pharmacology of T. arjuna are also discussed, and areas of future investigations are identified.

Author(s): 
Kumar, D. S.
Prabhakar, Y. S.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease: The Official Journal of the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease

OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge and practice patterns of non-allopathic indigenous medical practitioners (IMPs) regarding tuberculosis (TB). METHODS: Seventy-four IMPs practising in Naraingarh block, a rural area of Haryana State, India, were interviewed using a semi-structured interview schedule. RESULTS: Fifty-four per cent (40/74) of the IMPs saw two to five TB patients every month. Sixty-one per cent (46/74) reported that they based their diagnosis of TB on symptoms alone, whereas 38% use diagnostic tests such as chest X-ray, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and sputum examination.

Author(s): 
Anandhi, C. L.
Nagaraj, V. K.
Kumar, R.
Publication Title: 
Problemy Tuberkuleza

Specific features of intrathoracic tuberculosis course, outcomes and treatment are outlined for 109 children. In 59 of them tuberculosis was associated with nonspecific respiratory diseases (NRD). 28.8%, 25.4%, 18.6, 27.2% of patients had cystic hypoplasia, chronic hypoplasia, recurrent pneumonia, recurrent bronchitis, respectively. Complicated course of tuberculosis occurred 2 times more frequently in its combination with NRD (71.2%). Destruction and discharge of bacteria were recorded in 49.2 and 47.5% of patients, respectively.

Author(s): 
Mitinskaia, L. A.
Elufimova, V. F.
Gnezdilova, T. M.
Iukhimenko, N. V.
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

BACKGROUND: Multi drug resistant-tuberculosis (MDR-TB) [resistant to Isoniazid and Rifampicin] is a major global public health problem. In India the incidence is rising in spite of implementation of Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program. Standard MDR-TB drugs are second generation antibiotics taken for 24-27 months. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of add on homeopathic intervention to the standard MDR-TB regimen (SR). METHODS: A randomized, double blind, placebo controlled study was conducted from 2003 to 2008.

Author(s): 
Chand, Kusum S.
Manchanda, Raj K.
Mittal, Renu
Batra, Sudhir
Banavaliker, Jayant N.
De, Indra
Publication Title: 
BMC medicine

BACKGROUND: Delay in seeking care is a major impediment to effective management of tuberculosis (TB) in China. To elucidate factors that underpin patient and diagnostic delays in TB management, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of factors that are associated with delays in TB care-seeking and diagnosis in the country. METHODS: This review was prepared following standard procedures of the Cochrane Collaboration and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement and checklist.

Author(s): 
Li, Ying
Ehiri, John
Tang, Shenglan
Li, Daikun
Bian, Yongqiao
Lin, Hui
Marshall, Caitlin
Cao, Jia
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