Tunicamycin

Publication Title: 
Cell

Aging entails a progressive decline in protein homeostasis, which often leads to age-related diseases. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the site of protein synthesis and maturation for secreted and membrane proteins. Correct folding of ER proteins requires covalent attachment of N-linked glycan oligosaccharides. Here, we report that increased synthesis of N-glycan precursors in the hexosamine pathway improves ER protein homeostasis and extends lifespan in C. elegans.

Author(s): 
Denzel, Martin S.
Storm, Nadia J.
Gutschmidt, Aljona
Baddi, Ruth
Hinze, Yvonne
Jarosch, Ernst
Sommer, Thomas
Hoppe, Thorsten
Antebi, Adam
Publication Title: 
Cell

Aging entails a progressive decline in protein homeostasis, which often leads to age-related diseases. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the site of protein synthesis and maturation for secreted and membrane proteins. Correct folding of ER proteins requires covalent attachment of N-linked glycan oligosaccharides. Here, we report that increased synthesis of N-glycan precursors in the hexosamine pathway improves ER protein homeostasis and extends lifespan in C. elegans.

Author(s): 
Denzel, Martin S.
Storm, Nadia J.
Gutschmidt, Aljona
Baddi, Ruth
Hinze, Yvonne
Jarosch, Ernst
Sommer, Thomas
Hoppe, Thorsten
Antebi, Adam
Publication Title: 
Nature

The blood system is sustained by a pool of haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) that are long-lived due to their capacity for self-renewal. A consequence of longevity is exposure to stress stimuli including reactive oxygen species (ROS), nutrient fluctuation and DNA damage. Damage that occurs within stressed HSCs must be tightly controlled to prevent either loss of function or the clonal persistence of oncogenic mutations that increase the risk of leukaemogenesis.

Author(s): 
van Galen, Peter
Kreso, Antonija
Mbong, Nathan
Kent, David G.
Fitzmaurice, Timothy
Chambers, Joseph E.
Xie, Stephanie
Laurenti, Elisa
Hermans, Karin
Eppert, Kolja
Marciniak, Stefan J.
Goodall, Jane C.
Green, Anthony R.
Wouters, Bradly G.
Wienholds, Erno
Dick, John E.
Publication Title: 
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao = Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To determine the protective effects of nourishing spleen yin recipe (Zibu Piyin Recipe, ZBPYR), a compound traditional Chinese herbal medicine, on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in neuronal cells responding to the stress by using sero-pharmacological method. METHODS: The mouse neuroblastoma cell line Neuro2a cells were treated with tunicamycin (Tm, an inhibitor of N-glycosylation). The ZBPYR-treated cell group was established by incubating cells with ZBPYR serum for one hour and treated with Tm.

Author(s): 
Zhan, Li-bin
Zhong, Jun-hua
Lu, Xiao-guang
Sui, Hua
Wei, Wei
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