Current theoretical concepts of gerontological dietetics have been analysed. Elaboration of rational nutrition patterns for the old should rest on the age-specific metabolic and functional changes in the organism. A possibility of influencing the acid-base balance of the blood, immunity, and intestinal microflora by means of a goal-oriented diet has been demonstrated.
The study of actual nutrition in old-aged subjects (60-74, 75-89 and 90 years and older) in the regions with varying levels of long-living has revealed different types of nutrition depending on the climatic and geographical zones. The character of nutrition of old-aged in varying regions permits a suggestion on the relation of long-living with low energy requirements that are formed under the influence of ecological conditions (high temperature and humidity of the air in Abkhazia) and determined genetically (Azerbaijan, Ukraine).
OBJECTIVES: Several studies have identified negative health lifestyles as a primary determinant of the mortality crisis in Europe's post-communist states, but little is known about Ukraine. In order to address this gap in the literature, this paper provides data on Ukrainian health lifestyles. METHODS: Data were collected by face-to-face interviews in the households (N = 2 400) of a random sample of respondents in Ukraine in November, 2001. The sample was selected using multi-stage random sampling with stratification by region and area (urban/rural).
A comparative evaluation is presented of the efficacy of complex treatment in health resort conditions of cerebral circulatory insufficiency associated with vertebrogenic cervicoalgia. Treatment included climatic factors, diet, exercises, radon baths, massage, acupuncture and supplementation of this complex by manual therapy and electric stimulation of muscles of the collar system. Inclusion of manual therapy and electric stimulation allowed to improve treatment results.
Treatment efficacy was analyzed in 150 miners suffering of vibration disease (stage I). Different treatment complexes were used. Treatment proved most effective in the group where drug therapy was combined with acupuncture, vacuum massage, photoenergotherapy. The authors make a trial to explain the mechanism of action of the preferred method of treatment.