Ultrasonography

Publication Title: 
The British Journal of General Practice: The Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners

The aim of the study is to determine which treatments for patients with subacromial pain are trusted by general practitioners (GPs) and physiotherapists, and to compare trusted treatments with evidence from a systematic critical review of the scientific literature. A two-step process was used: a questionnaire (written case simulation) and a systematic critical review. The questionnaire was mailed to 188 GPs and 71 physiotherapists in Sweden. The total response rate was 72% (186/259).

Author(s): 
Johansson, Kajsa
Oberg, Birgitta
Adolfsson, Lars
Foldevi, Mats
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of General Practice: The Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners

The aim of the study is to determine which treatments for patients with subacromial pain are trusted by general practitioners (GPs) and physiotherapists, and to compare trusted treatments with evidence from a systematic critical review of the scientific literature. A two-step process was used: a questionnaire (written case simulation) and a systematic critical review. The questionnaire was mailed to 188 GPs and 71 physiotherapists in Sweden. The total response rate was 72% (186/259).

Author(s): 
Johansson, Kajsa
Oberg, Birgitta
Adolfsson, Lars
Foldevi, Mats
Publication Title: 
JAMA facial plastic surgery

BACKGROUND: A grafting technique that uses diced cartilage without fascia, which improves formability while maintaining long-term stability, would be a welcome addition to the rhinoplasty armamentarium. METHODS: A diced cartilage glue graft was recently introduced as the Tasman technique. The technique has been used by one of us (A.-J.T.) in 28 patients who were monitored clinically for 4 to 26 months. Sonographic morphometry of the graft was used in 10 patients with a maximum follow-up of 15 months, and 2 biopsies were obtained for histologic examination.

Author(s): 
Tasman, Abel-Jan
Diener, Pierre-AndrÈ
Litschel, Ralph
Publication Title: 
BMC musculoskeletal disorders

BACKGROUND: The role played by the thoracolumbar fascia in chronic low back pain (LBP) is poorly understood. The thoracolumbar fascia is composed of dense connective tissue layers separated by layers of loose connective tissue that normally allow the dense layers to glide past one another during trunk motion. The goal of this study was to quantify shear plane motion within the thoracolumbar fascia using ultrasound elasticity imaging in human subjects with and without chronic low back pain (LBP).

Author(s): 
Langevin, Helene M.
Fox, James R.
Koptiuch, Cathryn
Badger, Gary J.
Greenan-Naumann, Ann C.
Bouffard, Nicole A.
Konofagou, Elisa E.
Lee, Wei-Ning
Triano, John J.
Henry, Sharon M.
Publication Title: 
Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova (Moscow, Russia: 1952)

Results of treating 181 patients for hemiparesis after a cerebral stroke or a craniocerebral injury by local exposure of the pathological focus to decimeter electromagnetic waves (DW) and alternating magnetic field (AMF) are presented. It is shown that these treatment methods improve the cerebral circulation and contribute to earlier restoration of the motor functions, especially, if used in combination with sulfide baths, therapeutic physical exercises and massage.

Author(s): 
Strelkova, N. I.
Gavrilkov, A. T.
Diuzhilova, N. F.
Strel'tsova, E. N.
Publication Title: 
Acta Medica Austriaca

We investigated 76 patients with carotid sinus syndrome followed over a time period of 12-40 months (mean 24 months). In 27 patients long-term ECG were recorded over 24 hours continuously. Carotid Doppler sonography was performed in all patients. 14 patients were studied electrophysiologically. The long-term ECG examinations in patients with carotid sinus syndrome showed a significant tendency to nocturnal bradycardia, and normal heart frequency during the day. In 41% of patients extracranial obstruction of internal carotid arteries could be demonstrated.

Author(s): 
Kaliman, J.
Weber, H.
Scheibelhofer, W.
Fuchs, J.
Lederbauer, M.
Probst, P.
Publication Title: 
Urology

A new diagnostic and therapeutic application of transrectal ultrasonography (TR-US) is described. TR-US demonstrated one or more well-defined hypoechogenic areas in the prostate gland of 6 patients who presented with clinical signs of urinary tract infection and had only partial response to antibiotic therapy. The presence of a collection of pus in the prostate was confirmed in 4 of 6 patients by transperineal aspiration guided by TR-US, and by prostatic massage or transurethral prostatectomy in the other 2 patients.

Author(s): 
Cytron, S.
Weinberger, M.
Pitlik, S. D.
Servadio, C.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Sports Medicine

Twenty-five patients, aged between 15 and 45 years old, who were athletically active, presented with jumper's knee (patellar tendinitis). By use of ultrasonographic examination, new and precise information was obtained that benefited the diagnosis, choice of treatment, and monitoring of the evolution of jumper's knee in our patients. In 18 of the 25 patients, only 1 knee was affected; in 7 of the patients, both knees were affected, thus making a total of 32 painful tendons.

Author(s): 
Fritschy, D.
de Gautard, R.
Publication Title: 
Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ Der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin

This paper reviews the literature and describes our experiences in the diagnosis and treatment of tendinitis in horses. Ultrasonography provides a sensitive tool to diagnose tendinitis and quantitate the degree of damage to the tendon; as well as provide differential diagnoses such as peritendinitis. The principles in therapy of acute tendinitis are: Immediate reduced exercise or rest, physical therapy to reduce inflammation and administration of local and systemic antiinflammatory drugs.

Author(s): 
Rapp, H. J.
Becker, M.
Heisse, K.
Stechele, M.
Publication Title: 
Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica

A case of prostatic tuberculosis is reported. A 61-year-old male visited our clinic complaining of urinary retention. On digital rectal examination, the prostate was found to be enlarged, hard, and uneven. Transrectal ultrasound revealed a large hypoechoic lesion in the posterior aspect of the prostate. Transrectal ultrasound guided systematic biopsies of the prostate were performed. The specimens obtained from the hypoechoic lesion, were diagnosed histopathologically as prostatitis with epithelioid granuloma, Langhans' type giant cells, and caseous necrosis.

Author(s): 
Nakao, M.
Toyoda, K.

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