United Kingdom

Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

The integration of complementary therapies within the British National Health Service (NHS) in the context of limited evidence of effectiveness has been much debated, as has the need for the provision of health services to be more evidence-based. In June 1994, a project was launched within a South-East London NHS Hospital Trust to introduce complementary therapy (acupuncture, homeopathy, and osteopathy), in the context of an evaluation program.

Author(s): 
Richardson, J.
Publication Title: 
Forschende Komplementarmedizin (2006)

Though homeopathy has been in successful and continuous use for well over 200 years, in the United Kingdom it is under growing pressure, from scientific detractors and sections of the media. As such, homeopathy's free National Health Service provision is threatened because it is derided as 'unproven', 'unscientific', and even 'deadly'. While refuting these and other detractions, this paper considers possible reasons for the current plight of homeopathy UK.

Author(s): 
Milgrom, Lionel R.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

Though in use for over 200 years, and still benefiting millions of people worldwide today, homeopathy is currently under continuous attacks for being "unscientific." The reasons for this can be understood in terms of what might be called a "New Fundamentalism," emanating particularly but not exclusively from within biomedicine, and supported in some sections of the media. Possible reasons for this are discussed.

Author(s): 
Milgrom, Lionel R.
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice

Research into complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is not as new as it might appear from a U.K. perspective. Most continental European countries have a long tradition in CAM research. Many studies of homoeopathy, for instance, were published decades ago in languages other than English [The trials of homeopathy. Origins, structure and development. Stiftung: Essen, Karl und Veronica Carstens, 2004].

Author(s): 
Ernst, E.
Schmidt, K.
Wider, B.
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

AIM: This systematic review is aimed at estimating the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)-use by paediatric populations in the United Kingdom (UK). METHOD: AMED, CINAHL, COCHRANE, EMBASE and MEDLINE were searched for English language peer-reviewed surveys published between 01 January 2000 and September 2011. Additionally, relevant book chapters and our own departmental files were searched manually. RESULTS: Eleven surveys were included with a total of 17,631 paediatric patients. The majority were of poor methodological quality.

Author(s): 
Posadzki, Paul
Watson, Leala
Alotaibi, Amani
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
Journal of the Society for Integrative Oncology

Homeopathy is a biologically implausible form of treatment. The best clinical evidence available to date fails to support its effectiveness. Nevertheless, it is gaining in popularity. One reason for this is that, at least in the UK, it is being promoted by influential people.

Author(s): 
Ernst, E.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

The meta-analysis of homeopathy trials that appeared in the Lancet in 1997 seemed to endorse the experience of practitioners and patients that homeopathic medicines have specific clinically relevant effects.

Author(s): 
Dean, M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health Services Research & Policy

OBJECTIVES: The principles of evidence-based practice (EBP) are fundamental to medical ethics and seem essential for any form of health care. In 2000, a House of Lords Select Committee recommended that the ethos of EBP should extend to complementary and alternative medicine. The aim of this investigation was to determine whether EBP is incorporated in the codes of ethics of British complementary and alternative medicine organizations.

Author(s): 
Hunt, Katherine
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
Clinical Medicine (London, England)

This systematic review aims to estimate the prevalence of use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) by physicians in the UK. Five databases were searched for surveys monitoring the prevalence of use of CAM, which were published between 1 January 1995 and 7 December 2011. In total, 14 papers that reported 13 separate surveys met our inclusion criteria. Most were of poor methodological quality. The average prevalence of use of CAM across all surveys was 20.6% (range 12.1-32%).

Author(s): 
Posadzki, Paul
Alotaibi, Amani
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

There are active public campaigns both for and against homeopathy, and its continuing availability in the NHS is debated in the medical, scientific and popular press. However, there is a lack of clarity in key terms used in the debate, and in how the evidence base of homeopathy is described and interpreted. The term 'homeopathy' is used with several different meanings including: the therapeutic system, homeopathic medicine, treatment by a homeopath, and the principles of 'homeopathy'.

Author(s): 
Relton, Clare
O'Cathain, Alicia
Thomas, Kate J.

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