United Kingdom

Publication Title: 
Birth (Berkeley, Calif.)

BACKGROUND: Falling consent rates for postmortems, regardless of age of death, have been widely reported in recent years. The aim of this study was to explore parental attitudes to, and decision-making about, a perinatal postmortem after termination for fetal abnormality, late miscarriage, or stillbirth. METHODS: A prospective self-completion questionnaire was given to 35 women and their partners. The participants had experienced second or third trimester pregnancy loss in a single fetal medicine and delivery unit in the United Kingdom and were making decisions about having a postmortem.

Author(s): 
Breeze, Andrew C. G.
Statham, Helen
Hackett, Gerald A.
Jessop, Flora A.
Lees, Christoph C.
Publication Title: 
Clinical Medicine (London, England)

The aim of this study was to examine patients' motivation to participate in the Royal College of Physicians Practical Assessment of Clinical Examination Skills (PACES). An exploratory cross-sectional study was performed with data collected via telephone interviews. All patients aged 18+ who participated in PACES at University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire in the last two years were invited to take part; 28 patients were interviewed. Data were analysed using thematic content analysis.

Author(s): 
McFarland, Lorraine
Barlow, Julie
Nwokolo, Chuka
Publication Title: 
Bioethics

It has become common to distinguish between altruistic and commercial contract motherhood (or 'surrogacy'). Altruistic arrangements are based on the 'gift relationship': a woman is motivated by altruism to have a baby for an infertile couple, who are free to reciprocate as they see fit. By contrast, in commercial arrangements both parties are motivated by personal gain to enter a legally enforceable agreement, which stipulates that the contract mother or 'surrogate' is to bear a child for the intending parents in exchange for a fee.

Author(s): 
Van Zyl, Liezl
Walker, Ruth
Publication Title: 
Emergency medicine journal: EMJ

BACKGROUND: There is a growing number of community first responder (CFR) groups in the UK who provide emergency care in their local communities. OBJECTIVE: To understand why people volunteer for, and continue to be active in CFR groups. DESIGN: Qualitative study, using focus groups of CFRs. Five focus groups were conducted, with a total of 35 participants. RESULTS: Ideas of altruism and a sense of community were found to be important to volunteers, though motives were complex and individual.

Author(s): 
Timmons, Stephen
Vernon-Evans, Alix
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Nursing (Mark Allen Publishing)

The origin of compassion is firmly rooted in religious ideologies. In 19th century Great Britain, Christianity was the prominent religion and scripture advocated that followers should always be compassionate in their deeds and actions. Florence Nightingale was a Christian and translated her ideals into the characterization of the professional nurse. The image of the ministering angel, performing the work of God, was perpetuated for some time.

Author(s): 
Straughair, Collette
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care

In all, 162 British hospice volunteers completed the Inventory of Motivations for Hospice Palliative Care Volunteerism (IMHPCV) of Claxton-Oldfield, Wasylkiw, Mark, and Claxton-Oldfield.(1) The IMHPCV taps into 5 different categories of motives for becoming a hospice palliative care volunteer: altruism, civic responsibility, leisure, self-promotion, and personal gain. Altruistic motives were the most influential reasons for choosing to join hospice; personal gain motives were the least influential reasons for becoming a hospice volunteer.

Author(s): 
Claxton-Oldfield, Stephen
Claxton-Oldfield, Jane
Paulovic, Stefan
Wasylkiw, Louise
Publication Title: 
The Veterinary Record

In many western countries, there has been a marked change in the demographic profile of those entering the veterinary profession, with a shift from a predominantly male to a predominantly female intake. There have been parallel changes in society, with greater emphasis on human rights and work-life balance. It is, therefore, timely to consider what constitutes correct professional conduct for the profession, as there is the potential for problems to arise over the interpretation of 'professionalism' due to cultural and generational differences.

Author(s): 
Roder, C.
Whittlestone, K.
May, S. A.
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Oncology Nursing: The Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society

PURPOSE OF THE RESEARCH: This paper is a report of a study of the experiences of individuals with colorectal cancer in the period following their cancer treatment and the physical, psychological and social aspects associated with adjusting to everyday life. METHODS AND SAMPLE: Qualitative interviews using a phenomenological approach were conducted with a purposive sample of 13 individuals who had completed active curative treatment for colorectal cancer.

Author(s): 
Appleton, Lynda
Goodlad, Sue
Irvine, Fiona
Poole, Helen
Wall, Christine
Publication Title: 
International Psychogeriatrics

BACKGROUND: Connecting willing patients with dementia to suitable clinical research studies has been historically challenging. The United Kingdom Dementia and Neurodegenerative Research Network (DeNDRoN) was established to link patients into high-quality studies. One component is DemReg, a register of dementia patients and their carers who have agreed to be approached regarding future research studies. The limited literature highlights the predominance of altruism mediating research register participation.

Author(s): 
Avent, Cerian
Curry, Lisa
Gregory, Sarah
Marquardt, Sonia
Pae, Lauren
Wilson, Danielle
Ritchie, Karen
Ritchie, Craig W.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Medical Ethics

Altruism has long been taken to be the guiding principle of ethical organ donation in the UK, and has been used as justification for rejecting or allowing certain types of donation. We argue that, despite this prominent role, altruism has been poorly defined in policy and position documents, and used confusingly and inconsistently. Looking at how the term has been used over recent years allows us to define 'organ donation altruism', and comparing this with accounts in the philosophical literature highlights its theoretical shortcomings.

Author(s): 
Moorlock, Greg
Ives, Jonathan
Draper, Heather

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