United Kingdom

Publication Title: 
Health Technology Assessment (Winchester, England)

OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of a policy of using acupuncture, compared with a policy of avoiding acupuncture, on headache in primary care patients with chronic headache disorders. The effects of acupuncture on medication use, quality of life, resource use and days off sick in this population and the cost-effectiveness of acupuncture were also examined. DESIGN: Randomised, controlled trial. SETTING: General practices in England and Wales. PARTICIPANTS: The study included 401 patients with chronic headache disorder, predominantly migraine.

Author(s): 
Vickers, A. J.
Rees, R. W.
Zollman, C. E.
McCarney, R.
Smith, C. M.
Ellis, N.
Fisher, P.
Van Haselen, R.
Wonderling, D.
Grieve, R.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: The United Kingdom has had a significant increase in addiction to and use of cocaine among 16-29-year olds from 6% in 1998 to 10% in 2000. In 2000, the United Kingdom had the highest recorded consumption of "recent use" cocaine in Europe, with 3.3% of young adults. Acupuncture is quick, inexpensive, and relatively safe, and may establish itself as an important addiction service in the future.

Author(s): 
D'Alberto, Attilio
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: Since the early 1970s, the efficacy of acupuncture for treating clinical conditions has been evaluated in several hundred randomized trials. Results from these trials have been synthesized in systematic reviews. A well-designed systematic review provides the highest level of evidence for establishing the efficacy of a clinical intervention. OBJECTIVES: The present study assesses the source of original literature contributing to Cochrane reviews on acupuncture. Databases searched to retrieve original studies are evaluated.

Author(s): 
Sood, Amit
Sood, Richa
Bauer, Brent A.
Ebbert, Jon O.
Publication Title: 
Sociology of Health & Illness

Acupuncture and other types of 'complementary and alternative medicine' (CAM) are proving increasingly popular in the UK. As attempts to incorporate acupuncture into allopathic medicine have grown in number, the issue of assessing its effectiveness in ways consistent with the concept of evidence-based medicine has become more urgent. The nature, relevance and applicability of such assessments remain controversial however.

Author(s): 
Jackson, Sue
Scambler, Graham
Publication Title: 
Nursing Standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain): 1987)

Emotional freedom technique is gaining popularity in the UK for the treatment of psychological problems. Its supporters say it is particularly useful for people who have had traumatic experiences.

Author(s): 
Lynch, Elizabeth
Publication Title: 
Musculoskeletal Care

OBJECTIVES: To document physiotherapy provision for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) in relation to the United Kingdom (UK) recently published National Institute of health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidelines for osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Questionnaire survey of chartered physiotherapists. METHOD: 300 postal questionnaires were distributed to Physiotherapy Departments requesting information regarding source of referrals, treatment aims, preferred methods of treatment and service delivery.

Author(s): 
Walsh, Nicola E.
Hurley, Michael V.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health Services Research & Policy

OBJECTIVES: The principles of evidence-based practice (EBP) are fundamental to medical ethics and seem essential for any form of health care. In 2000, a House of Lords Select Committee recommended that the ethos of EBP should extend to complementary and alternative medicine. The aim of this investigation was to determine whether EBP is incorporated in the codes of ethics of British complementary and alternative medicine organizations.

Author(s): 
Hunt, Katherine
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
Nursing Standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain): 1987)

Emotional freedom technique is gaining popularity in the UK for the treatment of psychological problems. Its supporters say it is particularly useful for people who have had traumatic experiences.

Author(s): 
Lynch, Elizabeth
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine

BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is frequently employed to treat chronic pain syndromes or other chronic conditions. Nevertheless, there is a growing literature on adverse events (AEs) from treatments including pneumothorax, cardiac tamponade and spinal cord injury. Acupuncture is provided in almost all NHS pain clinics and by an increasing number of GP's and physiotherapists. Considering acupuncture's popularity, its safety has become an important public health issue. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the harm caused to patients through acupuncture treatments within NHS organisations.

Author(s): 
Wheway, Jayne
Agbabiaka, Taofikat B.
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society

PURPOSE: The aim of the present work was to evaluate the availability of acupuncture in UK hospices and specialist palliative care services and to identify any barriers to the use of acupuncture in these settings, to determine the characteristics of available acupuncture services and of practitioners providing acupuncture, and to determine awareness of the evidence base for the use of acupuncture in palliative care. METHODS: An online questionnaire with an invitation to participate was circulated by email to 263 hospices and specialist palliative care services in the UK.

Author(s): 
Leng, Graham

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