United Kingdom

Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners

PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of a mental health training module on the therapeutic optimism of advanced nurse practitioner (ANP) students in primary care (family practice). DATA SOURCES: Three cohorts of ANPs who undertook a Mental Health Problems in Primary Care Module as part of their MSc ANP (primary care) run by the University of Huddersfield completed the Elsom Therapeutic Optimism Scale (ETOS), in a pre- and postformat. The ETOS is a 10-item, self-administered scale, which has been used to evaluate therapeutic optimism previously in mental health professionals.

Author(s): 
Hemingway, Steve
Rogers, Melanie
Elsom, Stephen
Publication Title: 
BMC medical ethics

BACKGROUND: Ocular gene transfer clinical trials are raising hopes for blindness treatments and attracting media attention. News media provide an accessible health information source for patients and the public, but are often criticized for overemphasizing benefits and underplaying risks of novel biomedical interventions. Overly optimistic portrayals of unproven interventions may influence public and patient expectations; the latter may cause patients to downplay risks and over-emphasize benefits, with implications for informed consent for clinical trials.

Author(s): 
Benjaminy, Shelly
Bubela, Tania
Publication Title: 
Journal of Public Health (Oxford, England)

BACKGROUND: Many theories have been proposed to explain the high levels of 'excess' mortality (i.e. higher mortality over and above that explained by differences in socio-economic circumstances) shown in Scotland-and, especially, in its largest city, Glasgow-compared with elsewhere in the UK. One such proposal relates to differences in optimism, given previously reported evidence of the health benefits of an optimistic outlook. METHODS: A representative survey of Glasgow, Liverpool and Manchester was undertaken in 2011.

Author(s): 
Walsh, David
McCartney, Gerry
McCullough, Sarah
van der Pol, Marjon
Buchanan, Duncan
Jones, Russell
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association

What I believe to be the essential contribution of this group of analysts may be summarized as follows. The role of object relations has always been a prominent theme in analytic thought and has become much more so in recent years. Instead of grafting the implications of relations onto a theory that started from a different standpoint, what the British group has done is to show that the development of the person has to be conceived as the progressive differentiation of a structure from a unitary matrix that itself interacts at a holistic personal level from the start.

Author(s): 
Sutherland, J. D.
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

The apocalyptic threat of AIDS, combined with recent ethnological developments, is promoting an anthropological "rediscovery of sex." If this rediscovery is to have important and lasting effects on the development of theory, a stock-taking is in order--one which examines anthropology's historical, methodological, and practical relationship to the study of sexual behavior.

Author(s): 
Tuzin, D.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Social Psychology

The Munro-Adams Love Attitude Scale was administered to 133 randomly chosen final-year undergraduate White South African and British university students in this examination of their attitudes toward love, courtship, and marriage in relation to the observation that, although South African tertiary educational institutions exist within the authoritarian and restrictive culture of apartheid, they nevertheless are modeled on the British educational system, which has its roots deeply embedded within a politically democratic context.

Author(s): 
Stones, C. R.
Publication Title: 
Accident and Emergency Nursing

Answering the spiritual as well as religious needs of patients has for years been seen as the province of the hospital chaplain, because spirituality has been regarded as the province of religion. As chaplains in the NHS we hope in this paper to raise awareness of the importance of spiritual care in the health service as a whole. Although there seems to be a large amount of interest in this area there are few tangible means of identifying and assessing spiritual need.

Author(s): 
Cressey, R. W.
Winbolt-Lewis, M.
Publication Title: 
Nursing Inquiry

Contemporary developments in nursing and health-care, which emphasise evidence-based and outcome-oriented practice often fail to recognise the centrality of the caring relationship in everyday practice. This paper aims to examine the therapeutic role of the nurse within the context of an increasingly technicalized and bureaucratic healthcare system. Focusing on the importance of love and its healing potential, we intend to raise awareness of some difficult and often polemic arguments pertaining to the concept of clinical caritas.

Author(s): 
Stickley, Theodore
Freshwater, Dawn
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Public Health

BACKGROUND: Event-based measures suggest that emotional adversity in childhood has a long-term health impact, but less attention has been paid to chronic emotional stressors such as family conflict, harsh discipline or lack of affection. This study aimed to assess the impact of the latter on health problems and illness in adulthood.

Author(s): 
Stewart-Brown, Sarah L.
Fletcher, Lynn
Wadsworth, Michael E. J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Homosexuality

A symptomatic representation, from a Marxist critical vantage point, of three prototypical recent U.S. and U.K. films of young gay romance-Beautiful Thing, Get Real, and Edge of Seventeen-shows these films (as well as the larger, insurgent cinematic subgenre of which they serve as particularly exemplary instances) do significant ideological work, contrary to what might appear to be the case from a superficial (and uncritical) reading that dismisses them as pure escapism. These films confront contradictions central to contemporary U.S. and U.K.

Author(s): 
Nowlan, Bob

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