United Kingdom

Publication Title: 
American Journal of Psychoanalysis

The paper reviews and discusses Groddeck's conception of illness. I first argue that Groddeck was a late Romanticist as much as he was a "wild" psychoanalyst. Then I use Groddeck's scattered formulations regarding definition, foundation, and meaning of illness in order to articulate them in the form of more explicit scientific statements. Finally, I suggest that Groddeck's theory of illness is fundamentally different from current medical conceptions, which, nevertheless, does not make our dialogue with him either less useful or indeed less necessary.

Author(s): 
Dimitrijevic, Aleksandar
Publication Title: 
History of Psychology

In this contribution, the authors situate the development of Bowlby's attachment theory against the background of the social, cultural, and scientific developments in interbellum Britain. It is shown that fairly early in his life Bowlby adopted one fundamental idea-that an infant primarily needs a warm and loving mother, and that separations from the mother are potentially damaging-and never substantially changed that basic notion in later years.

Author(s): 
van der Horst, Frank C. P.
van der Veer, RenÈe
Publication Title: 
Economics and Human Biology

Both in the UK and in the US, we observe puzzling gender asymmetries in the propensity to outmarry: Black men are more likely to have white spouses than Black women, but the opposite is true for Chinese: Chinese men are half less likely to be married to a White person than Chinese women. We argue that differences in height distributions, combined with a simple preference for the husband to be taller than the wife, can help explain these ethnic-specific gender asymmetries. Blacks are taller than Asians, and we argue that this significantly affects their marriage prospects with whites.

Author(s): 
Belot, MichËle
Fidrmuc, Jan
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Psychology: Journal International De Psychologie

Little previous research has examined the relationship between values and love styles, and none has done so across cultures or intracultural regions. This research was the first attempt to explore the correlation between individual-level values and love styles, and examined both within- and between-cultural variations in love styles. In this study 224 participants from Turkey and Britain, from urban or rural locations, completed the Portrait Values Questionnaire and the Love Attitudes Scale measure of love styles.

Author(s): 
Sanr?, «a?la
Goodwin, Robin
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

The public profile of neurodevelopmental research has expanded in recent years. This paper applies social representations theory to explore how early brain development was represented in the UK print media in the first decade of the 21st century. A thematic analysis was performed on 505 newspaper articles published between 2000 and 2010 that discussed early brain development.

Author(s): 
O'Connor, Cliodhna
Joffe, Helene
Publication Title: 
Culture, Health & Sexuality

The paper describes findings from an ethnographic study exploring understandings of love and intimacy amongst young heterosexual middle-class Indians of Gujarati origin in the UK and India. A two-site comparative study was used to enable an understanding of how social and economic contexts shape cultural constructions of intimate relationships and sexuality. Focusing on attitudes to 'love at first sight', this paper shows that, for Indian participants, love based on physical attraction denotes a lesser kind of love.

Author(s): 
Twamley, Katherine
Publication Title: 
Journal of intellectual disability research: JIDR

BACKGROUND: How do human rights help us with the experiences of people with intellectual disabilities (ID) who face discrimination and barriers in their sexual lives? Men with ID who are gay face a whole range of rights violations when it comes to exercising their sexual identity. How can such a seemingly marginalised group draw on rights based claims for better and equal treatment? This paper explores how the power of men's own stories may usefully challenge prevailing social norms and in turn strengthen human rights claims in this area.

Author(s): 
Abbott, D.
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Social Psychology

Social psychological research has increasingly acknowledged that any pretensions to a singular theory of love should be replaced with a concern about its affirmation and what people actually say and do in love's name. Lee's (1977) love styles research and Sternberg's (1995) theory of love as a story are prime examples.

Author(s): 
Watts, Simon
Stenner, Paul
Publication Title: 
Nursing Standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain): 1987)

Enrolled nurse training was phased out in the UK during the 1980s, but most English-speaking countries retain second-level nurses and in Australia and New Zealand the role is flourishing. Enrolled nurses can take on a high level of responsibility while maintaining close contact with patients. They are an attractive option for employers. In the UK there seems little prospect that enrolled nurse will be revived.

Author(s): 
Dean, Erin
Publication Title: 
The New England Journal of Medicine

Comparisons between the United Kingdom and the United States reveal definite differences in the style and content of primary medical practice. In the United States emphasis is on diagnosis. In the United Kingdom emphasis is on continuity and homebased care supported by a nationwide network of paramedical and social services. In both countries more is known about what discontents physicians than what satisfies patients.

Author(s): 
Robinson, D.

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