United States Department of Veterans Affairs

Publication Title: 
Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy

OBJECTIVE: Interest in meditation to manage posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms is increasing. Few studies have examined the effectiveness of meditation programs offered to Veterans within Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) mental health services. The current study addresses this gap using data from a multisite VA demonstration project. METHOD: Evaluation data collected at 6 VA sites (N = 391 Veterans) before and after a meditation program, and a treatment-as-usual (TAU) program, were examined here using random effects meta-analyses.

Author(s): 
Heffner, Kathi L.
Crean, Hugh F.
Kemp, Jan E.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment

There has been much interest in measuring and evaluating the role of spirituality/religiosity (S/R) in substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. This study presents the initial evaluation of a new measure of S/R in the treatment environment: the Treatment Spirituality/Religiosity Scale (TSRS). The TSRS has 10 items and can be completed by both patient and staff to measure the emphasis on S/R in a given treatment program, which may have important implications for patient-program fit.

Author(s): 
Lillis, Jason
Gifford, Elizabeth
Humphreys, Keith
Moos, Rudolf
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Yoga Therapy

BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a chronic, debilitating anxiety disorder that is highly prevalent among U.S. military veterans. Yoga, defined to include physical postures (asana) and mindfulness and meditation, is being increasingly used as an adjunctive treatment for PTSD and other psychological disorders. No research or administrative data have detailed the use of these services in Department of Veterans Affairs' (VA) 170 PTSD treatment programs.

Author(s): 
Libby, Daniel J.
Reddy, Felice
Pilver, Corey E.
Desai, Rani A.
Publication Title: 
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes

BACKGROUND: Little information is available regarding medical residents' perceptions of patients' health-related quality of life. Patients cared for by residents have been shown to receive differing patterns of care at Veterans Affairs facilities than at community or university settings. We therefore examined: 1) how resident physicians value the health of patients; 2) whether values differ if the patient is described as a veteran; and 3) whether residency-associated variables impact values.

Author(s): 
Yi, Michael S.
Luckhaupt, Sara
Mrus, Joseph M.
Tsevat, Joel
Publication Title: 
Journal of General Internal Medicine

PURPOSE: To compare health-related quality of life (HRQoL) between patients receiving care in Veterans Administration (VA) settings (veterans) and non-VA settings (nonveterans), and to explore determinants of HRQoL and change in HRQoL over time in subjects living with HIV/AIDS. SUBJECTS: One hundred veterans and 350 nonveterans with HIV/AIDS from 2 VA and 2 university-based sites in 3 cities interviewed in 2002 to 2003 and again 12 to 18 months later.

Author(s): 
Mrus, Joseph M.
Leonard, Anthony C.
Yi, Michael S.
Sherman, Susan N.
Fultz, Shawn L.
Justice, Amy C.
Tsevat, Joel
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Yoga Therapy

BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a chronic, debilitating anxiety disorder that is highly prevalent among U.S. military veterans. Yoga, defined to include physical postures (asana) and mindfulness and meditation, is being increasingly used as an adjunctive treatment for PTSD and other psychological disorders. No research or administrative data have detailed the use of these services in Department of Veterans Affairs' (VA) 170 PTSD treatment programs.

Author(s): 
Libby, Daniel J.
Reddy, Felice
Pilver, Corey E.
Desai, Rani A.
Publication Title: 
NeuroRehabilitation

Traumatic Brain Injury has been labeled the "silent epidemic" in our current wars. Both CBO and the RAND reports predict that the costs of these injuries will be both extensive and enduring. The projected costs are based not only upon the loss contribution of these warriors to our economy, but also the long-term medical and assistive care that will be needed to support these veterans for decades to come.

Author(s): 
Hoffman, Stuart W.
Shesko, Kristina
Harrison, Catherine R.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to review the demographic characteristics of Veterans Affairs (VA) chiropractic patients and to determine the level of appropriateness of chiropractic consultation requests within a VA chiropractic clinic. Information regarding the volume of requests and wait times for appointments were obtained to provide insight on the demand for and access to VA chiropractic services.

Author(s): 
Dunn, Andrew S.
Towle, Jamie J.
McBrearty, Patrick
Fleeson, Suzanne M.
Publication Title: 
Military Medicine

A retrospective review of completed chiropractic consultations in 2006 (N = 354) was carried out to investigate consultation request patterns, patient characteristics, and the utilization of chiropractic services within the Department of Veterans Affairs of Western New York Health Care System. Primary care was the main source of patients with variation in the volume of consultation requests among providers. The average chiropractic patient was a 55-year-old male with low back pain who was overweight or obese with 27.43% service-connected disability.

Author(s): 
Dunn, Andrew S.
Passmore, Steven R.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

This article provides an overview of primary chiropractic issues as they relate to public health. This collaborative summary documents the chiropractic profession's current involvement in public health, reflects on past barriers that may have prevented full participation within the public health movement, and summarizes the relationship of current chiropractic and public health topics.

Author(s): 
Johnson, Claire
Baird, Rand
Dougherty, Paul E.
Globe, Gary
Green, Bart N.
Haneline, Michael
Hawk, Cheryl
Injeyan, H. Stephen
Killinger, Lisa
Kopansky-Giles, Deborah
Lisi, Anthony J.
Mior, Silvano A.
Smith, Monica

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