Upper Extremity

Publication Title: 
Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation

BACKGROUND: This review aims to assess the efficacy of upper limb interventions on stroke survivors' health-related quality of life (QOL). METHOD: Published studies were identified following a systematic search of the literature from 10 electronic databases, 3 subject-relevant journals, a Web search via a popular search engine, and reference lists of the included articles. In total, 22 articles met the inclusion criteria and were subjected to data extraction to establish the effectiveness of the intervention on QOL scores.

Author(s): 
Pulman, Jennifer
Buckley, Emily
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy

Acupuncture therapies include a range of interventions and are commonly used for managing musculoskeletal disorders of the extremities; however, their use is still controversial. A study published in the June 2016 issue of JOSPT conducted a systematic review of randomized clinical trials on the effectiveness of various acupuncture therapies for any musculoskeletal condition affecting the limbs. Importantly, the review critically appraised the quality of the evidence to reveal risks of bias.

Publication Title: 
The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy

Study Design Systematic review. Background Little is known about the effectiveness of acupuncture therapies for musculoskeletal disorders. Objective To assess the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture therapies for musculoskeletal disorders of the extremities. Methods We searched MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from 1990 to 2015 for randomized controlled trials, cohort studies, and case-control studies. Eligible studies were appraised with Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network criteria.

Author(s): 
Cox, Jocelyn
Varatharajan, Sharanya
Côté, Pierre
Optima Collaboration, null
Publication Title: 
Brain Research. Cognitive Brain Research

The aim of the experiment was to assess whether the membrane excitability of flexor cervical and/or lumbar motoneurons is related to hypnotic susceptibility (measured with the Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale, Form A) and hypnosis. During the experimental sessions, hypnotized subjects were given only suggestions of relaxation (neutral hypnosis) while awake subjects were given instructions to be quiet and relaxed (simple relaxation).

Author(s): 
Santarcangelo, Enrica Laura
Busse, Knut
Carli, Giancarlo
Publication Title: 
Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
Author(s): 
Mack, Peter
Yam, Andrew K. T.
Chin, Andrew Y. H.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

INTRODUCTION: Hemiplegia and the Ayurvedic description of ardhanga disease presents with comparable clinical features. This pilot trial compared two traditional procedure-based treatments: Navarakizhi, a massage of cooked navara rice in a medicated hot bolus, and pinda sweda, a similar massage made of a different type of rice. This article also describes the steps of a double-blind trial in Ayurveda, which was hitherto considered difficult to perform.

Author(s): 
Guruprasad Aggithaya, Madhur
Narahari, Saravu R.
Vijaya, Shanthakumari
Sushma, Kandathu Valappil
Kumar, Nadesa Panicker Anil
Prajeesh, Parameswaran
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

INTRODUCTION: Hemiplegia and the Ayurvedic description of ardhanga disease presents with comparable clinical features. This pilot trial compared two traditional procedure-based treatments: Navarakizhi, a massage of cooked navara rice in a medicated hot bolus, and pinda sweda, a similar massage made of a different type of rice. This article also describes the steps of a double-blind trial in Ayurveda, which was hitherto considered difficult to perform.

Author(s): 
Guruprasad Aggithaya, Madhur
Narahari, Saravu R.
Vijaya, Shanthakumari
Sushma, Kandathu Valappil
Kumar, Nadesa Panicker Anil
Prajeesh, Parameswaran
Publication Title: 
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

OBJECTIVES: To measure the efficacy of a program combining mental and physical practice with the efficacy of a program composed of only constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) or only mental practice on stroke patients' levels of upper-extremity impairment and upper-extremity functional outcomes and to establish the relationship between changes in blood-oxygen-level dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging response during a specific motor or imagery task and improvement in motor function between intervention groups. DESIGN: Case series.

Author(s): 
Butler, Andrew J.
Page, Stephen J.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy

STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial. OBJECTIVES: To assess the believability of a novel sham intervention for a neurodynamic technique (NDT) in participants with signs and symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Additionally, we wished to assess a potential mechanism of NDT (hypoalgesia) and to compare outcomes related to clinical pain and upper extremity disability between NDT and a sham intervention. BACKGROUND: Preliminary evidence suggests that NDT is effective in the treatment of CTS.

Author(s): 
Bialosky, Joel E.
Bishop, Mark D.
Price, Don D.
Robinson, Michael E.
Vincent, Kevin R.
George, Steven Z.
Publication Title: 
Clinical Rehabilitation

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare efficacy of 20-, 40-, and 60-minute mental practice sessions on affected upper extremity impairment and functional limitation. DESIGN: Randomized controlled study with multiple baseline design. SUBJECTS: Twenty-nine subjects with chronic stroke and exhibiting stable, mild hemiparesis. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects were given 30-minute rehabilitative sessions 3 days/week for 10 weeks, emphasizing affected upper extremity use during valued activities.

Author(s): 
Page, Stephen J.
Dunning, Kari
Hermann, Valerie
Leonard, Anthony
Levine, Peter

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