Uracil

Publication Title: 
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

The in vitro effect of the following antimicrobial agents on Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites were studied: artemisinin ether (arteether), cycloguanil hydrochloride (cycloguanil), mefloquine, primaquine phosphate, and quinine sulfate, as well as the calcium channel blocker verapamil and the calmodulin inhibitor trifluoperazine hydrochloride. Arteether at > or = 0.5 micrograms/ml and cycloguanil at > or = 1.0 micrograms/ml inhibited T. gondii in vitro. Cycloguanil (2.5 micrograms/ml) combined with a noninhibitory concentration of sulfadiazine (25 micrograms/ml) inhibited T.

Author(s): 
Holfels, E.
McAuley, J.
Mack, D.
Milhous, W. K.
McLeod, R.
Publication Title: 
Analytical Biochemistry

Improvements are made to our gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-based assay for quantifying low levels of DNA-uracil. Folate deficiency leads to increased deoxyuridine monophosphate/thymidylate (dUMP/dTMP) ratios and uracil misincorporation into DNA, which may increase cancer risk. Vitamin B6 (B6) deficiency might also result in increased DNA-uracil because B6 is a cofactor for serine hydroxymethyltransferase, which catalyzes the methylation of tetrahydrofolate (THF) to methylene-THF, the folate form that is required to convert dUMP to dTMP.

Author(s): 
Mashiyama, Susan T.
Hansen, Christine M.
Roitman, Esther
Sarmiento, Stella
Leklem, James E.
Shultz, Terry D.
Ames, Bruce N.
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