Urban Health

Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Nutrition

Dietary patterns, which reflect the complexity of food preference, lifestyle and socio-economic status, may play a major role in health and longevity. Understanding dietary patterns and their correlates is important to the research of diet and health relationships. In the Shanghai Men's Health Study (SMHS) a total of 61,582 men aged 40-74 were recruited between 2002 and 2006. Their food intake over the previous year was collected using a validated FFQ. Study participants (75.6%) reported little or no change in meat and vegetable intake in the 5 years prior to recruitment.

Author(s): 
Cai, Hui
Zheng, Wei
Xiang, Yong-Bing
Xu, Wang Hong
Yang, Gong
Li, Honglan
Shu, Xiao Ou
Publication Title: 
Public Health Reports (Washington, D.C.: 1974)

Community activists in Chicago believed their neighborhoods were being targeted by alcohol and tobacco outdoor advertisers, despite the Outdoor Advertising Association of America's voluntary code of principles, which claims to restrict the placement of ads for age-restricted products and prevent billboard saturation of urban neighborhoods. A research and action plan resulted from a 10-year collaborative partnership among Loyola University Chicago, the American Lung Association of Metropolitan Chicago (ALAMC), and community activists from a predominately African American church, St.

Author(s): 
Hackbarth, D. P.
Schnopp-Wyatt, D.
Katz, D.
Williams, J.
Silvestri, B.
Pfleger, M.
Publication Title: 
Sociology of Health & Illness

This paper considers the ways in which accounts from Glasgow Catholics diverge from those of Protestants and explores the reasons why people leave jobs, including health grounds. Accounts reveal experiences distinctive to Catholics, of health-threatening stress, obstacles to career progression within (mainly) private-sector organisations, and interactional difficulties which create particular problems for (mainly) middle class men. This narrows the employment options for upwardly mobile Catholics, who may then resort to self-employment or other similarly stressful options.

Author(s): 
Walls, Patricia
Williams, Rory
Publication Title: 
Medical Care

Every year since 1984, Congress has expanded Medicaid to cover an increasing proportion of low-income children. In this study, a multivariate analysis of data from the 1987 National Medical Expenditure Survey was used to determine whether expanded Medicaid eligibility is likely to be effective in encouraging recommended preventive visits for low-income, preschool children.

Author(s): 
Short, P. F.
Lefkowitz, D. C.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: To describe the establishment of a multidisciplinary team of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) providers and educators in an urban pediatric hospital and affiliated medical school. BACKGROUND: Pediatric CAM use is increasing. Physicians are interested in CAM-related education but few programs had been developed in pediatrics. In 1998, Children's Hospital Boston established the Center for Holistic Pediatric Education and Research (CHPER), a CAM multidisciplinary team providing clinical services, education, and research.

Author(s): 
Highfield, Ellen Silver
McLellan, Mary C.
Kemper, Kathi J.
Risko, Wanessa
Woolf, Alan D.
Publication Title: 
Tropical medicine & international health: TM & IH

Faced with the problem of resistance to chloroquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, the Ministry of Public Health of Burundi decided to study the efficacy of two artemisinin-based combinations, the fixed combination of artemether-lumefantrine and the combination of amodiaquine + artesunate. The efficacy of these combinations for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria was studied in two sites representative of the country, in Kigobe neighbourhood of Bujumbura, the capital city, and in Buhiga, a rural area.

Author(s): 
Ndayiragije, Athanase
Niyungeko, Déo
Karenzo, Jeanne
Niyungeko, Ernest
Barutwanayo, Marianne
Ciza, Alphonse
Bosman, Andrea
Moyou-Somo, Roger
Nahimana, Adélaïde
Nyarushatsi, Jean Paul
Barihuta, Tharcisse
Mizero, Liévin
Ndaruhutse, Jérome
Delacollette, Charles
Ringwald, Pascal
Kamana, Jean
Publication Title: 
Tropical medicine & international health: TM & IH

In Congo, urgent efforts are needed to help with the revision of the national antimalarial drug policy. Despite its high resistance level, chloroquine (CQ) is still extensively used as the first-line treatment for uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. The study was conducted in children under 5 years with uncomplicated malaria in Pointe-Noire and Brazzaville, the two largest cities that contain approximately 60% of the population of Congo.

Author(s): 
Nsimba, Basile
Jafari-Guemouri, Sayeh
Malonga, David A.
Mouata, André M.
Kiori, Jeannine
Louya, Frédéric
Yocka, Dominique
Malanda, Maurice
Durand, Rémy
Le Bras, Jacques
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: Recently global health advocates have called for the introduction of artemisinin-containing antimalarial combination therapies to help curb the impact of drug-resistant malaria in Africa. Retail trade in artemisinin monotherapies could undermine efforts to restrict this class of medicines to more theoretically sound combination treatments. METHODS: This paper describes a systematic search for artemisinin-containing products at a random sample of licensed pharmacies in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania in July 2005.

Author(s): 
Kachur, S. Patrick
Black, Carolyn
Abdulla, Salim
Goodman, Catherine
Publication Title: 
Journal of Vector Borne Diseases

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: A prospective study on 72 HIV infected and 33 HIV negative individuals undergoing malaria treatment with dihydroartemisinin (Cotecxin) was undertaken to compare CD4 cells count, viral load and parasite density at two time-points, a baseline visit and a 9-day post-treatment visit. METHODS: CD4 count and viral load of the subjects were estimated using Dynabeads T4-T8 Quantification Protocol (Dyneal Biotech, Norway) and Amplicor HIV-1 Monitor Test respectively (Roche, United Kingdom).

Author(s): 
Tatfeng, Y. M.
Ihongbe, J. C.
Okodua, M.
Oviasogie, E.
Isibor, J.
Tchougang, S.
Tambo, E.
Otegbeye, T.
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: After adoption of artesunate-amodiaquine (AS/AQ) as first-line therapy for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria by the malaria control programme, this study was designed to assess the availability of anti-malarial drugs, treatment practices and acceptability of the new protocol by health professionals, in the urban health facilities and drugstores of Yaoundé city, Cameroon.

Author(s): 
Sayang, Collins
Gausseres, Mathieu
Vernazza-Licht, Nicole
Malvy, Denis
Bley, Daniel
Millet, Pascal

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