Urban Population

Publication Title: 
Adolescence

The mental health of the only-child continues to generate interest in research literature. The present study examines the issue in China, where the one-child phenomenon is highest due to deliberate government policy. Subjects are 299 and 333 students in two high-rank high schools in urban Harebin and rural Qing an Xian, respectively (mean age = 17.2 years). Both locations are in the Heilongjiang Sheng Province of China.

Author(s): 
Liu, Chenying
Munakata, Tsunetsugu
Onuoha, Francis N.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse

This paper explores the social contexts of reproductive decision making among poor African-American women in inner-city distressed households by focusing on women's narratives of their reproductive and maternal experiences. We explore the hidden agendas and motivations that underpin women's reproductive decisions and perceived choices within the turmoil of poverty, domestic instability, economic uncertainty, and addiction.

Author(s): 
Dunlap, Eloise
St¸rzenhofecker, Gabriele
Johnson, Bruce
Publication Title: 
Medical Anthropology Quarterly

Sexual violence within as well as outside sexual relationships has far-reaching public health and human rights implications and is a continuing focus of popular debate, media coverage, and research in postapartheid South Africa. Partly because it has been shown to affect individual vulnerability to HIV/AIDS, sexual violence has in recent years become framed as a global public health issue.

Author(s): 
Wood, Kate
Lambert, Helen
Jewkes, Rachel
Publication Title: 
Culture, Health & Sexuality

This paper calls attention to an ideal of romantic love among young unmarried mothers in Mali. It demonstrates that romantic love constitutes a motivating force for the agency of young Malian mothers who invest themselves in hopes of romantic outcomes from their relationships. Like the majority of people in Mali, the young mothers in this study dedicated a considerable time each weekday to watching a Venezuelan soap opera, which could be regarded as offering a modern version of Romeo and Juliet. Yet, romance is not the only thing that matters in young mothers' ideals of love.

Author(s): 
S¯lbeck, Ditte Enemark
Publication Title: 
Culture, Health & Sexuality

How do young South Africans give meaning to love? In this paper we draw on findings from an interview study to examine the ways in which young Africans, aged 16 to 17 years in a poor township in KwaZulu-Natal province, express ideals of love and romance. Their claims to love we show are strategic advantages as they negotiate poverty and economic marginalisation. Girls' ideals of love are tied to their aspirations towards middle-class consumerism. Love becomes inseparable from the idealisation of men who provide.

Author(s): 
Bhana, Deevia
Pattman, Rob
Publication Title: 
Journal of Sex Research

Communication technology is a central feature of young people's lives, but its role in romantic and sexual relationships has not been thoroughly examined. This article describes how young adults use communication technology for partnering across relationship stages (formation, maintenance, and dissolution) and types (serious/casual), and proposes implications of usage in relationships.

Author(s): 
Bergdall, Anna R.
Kraft, Joan Marie
Andes, Karen
Carter, Marion
Hatfield-Timajchy, Kendra
Hock-Long, Linda
Publication Title: 
Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to discover universal and diverse care meanings and expressions of the selected urban African American adolescent gang culture within a qualitative paradigm. DESIGN: The study was conducted using ethnonursing research methodology and was guided by Leininger's theory of culture care. Thirteen key participants and 28 general participants were selected from a school setting in a Midwestern city.

Author(s): 
Morris, Edith J.
Publication Title: 
Issues in Mental Health Nursing

The purpose of this paper was to describe romantic relationships from the perspective of urban, adolescent girls, to address gaps in our understanding of their relationship dimensions. Minority adolescent girls (n† = †17) participated in private semi-structured interviews aimed to elicit the understanding of the adolescents' perspectives on their own relationship experiences and dynamics. The research team conducted conventional content analysis of the interview transcripts.

Author(s): 
Volpe, Ellen M.
Morales-Alem·n, Mercedes M.
Teitelman, Anne M.
Publication Title: 
Sociology of Health & Illness

Interest in medication-taking as a social behaviour is growing. Drawing on qualitative data, this study interrogates beliefs and practices related to antiretroviral therapy (ART) use among urban poor Kenyan people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Responding PLWHA relied on a range of ingenious strategies to remember to take their medications but did not necessarily perceive compliance with medical instructions as key to treatment efficacy. They also believed that compliance can even hurt some patients.

Author(s): 
Izugbara, Chimaraoke O.
Wekesa, Eliud
Publication Title: 
Ciencia & Saude Coletiva

The human right to adequate food is comprehended in two dimensions: being free of hunger and denutrition and having access to an adequate food. The urban context, in which the possession of food is done primarily through merchandising because of its strong consuming appealing, became a big challenge to debate this topic in poor districts today. Here we combine considerations of a qualitative study carried out in S„o Jo„o de Meriti, Rio de Janeiro State, joining leaders from Pastoral da CrianÁa in focal group sessions.

Author(s): 
Casemiro, Juliana Pereira
Valla, Victor Vincent
Guimar„es, Maria Beatriz Lisboa

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