Urea

Publication Title: 
Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta

Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) are proteins of great interest not only because of their extreme toxicity but also paradoxically for their therapeutic applications. All the known serotypes (A-G) have varying degrees of longevity and potency inside the neuronal cell. Differential chemical modifications such as phosphorylation and ubiquitination have been suggested as possible mechanisms for their longevity, but the molecular basis of the longevity remains unclear.

Author(s): 
Kumar, Raj
Kukreja, Roshan V.
Cai, Shuowei
Singh, Bal R.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Dentistry

OBJECTIVES: This double blind randomized clinical trial evaluated the longevity of the whitening effect (6-month follow-up) of two carbamide peroxide concentrations used in at-home vital bleaching. METHODS: Ninety-two volunteers with shade mean C1 or darker for the six maxillary anterior teeth were randomized into two balanced groups (n=46) according to bleaching agent concentration: 10% (CP10) or 16% (CP16) carbamide peroxide. Patients were instructed to use the whitening agent in a tray for 2h/day during 3 weeks.

Author(s): 
Meireles, S. S.
Heckmann, S. S.
Santos, I. S.
Della Bona, A.
Demarco, F. F.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Dentistry

OBJECTIVES: This double-blind randomized clinical trial aimed to evaluate the whitening effect of two at-home tooth bleaching agents and the effect of dietary habits after 2 years. The patients' view about bleaching longevity was also investigated. METHODS: Ninety-two subjects with mean shade of C1 or darker for the six maxillary anterior teeth were randomized into two groups (n=46) according to the carbamide peroxide (CP) concentration: 10% (CP10) or 16% (CP16). The treatment was performed using the whitening agent in a tray for 2h/day during 3 weeks.

Author(s): 
Meireles, S. S.
Santos, I. S.
Bona, A. Della
Demarco, F. F.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Biological Chemistry
Author(s): 
Davidson, B. E.
Blackburn, E. H.
Dopheide, T. A.
Publication Title: 
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Author(s): 
Blackburn, E. H.
Hird, F. J.
Jones, I. K.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Pathology

Eight patients with E. coli septicaemia had oliguric renal failure which was associated with haematological evidence of intravascular coagulation. Five of these patients also had the characteristic blood picture of microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia. In an attempt to prevent further deposition of fibrin, intravenous heparin was administered to six patients, three of whom recovered fully and three died. The diagnosis of intravascular coagulation was subsequently confirmed by histological examination of necropsy material and it is suggested that some of the complications of E.

Author(s): 
Preston, F. E.
Malia, R. G.
Sworn, M. J.
Blackburn, E. K.
Publication Title: 
Pharmaceutical Research

A series of isodithiobiurets, dithiobiurets, and dithiazoles was synthesized and tested for biological activity. Generally, the compounds potentiated the hypnosis induced by pentobarbitone (50 mg/kg ip) in albino mice and exhibited antifungal and insecticidal activity against Fusarium oxysporum and Periplanata americana, respectively. Some compounds showed anticonvulsant and analgesic activity in albino rats.

Author(s): 
Pandeya, S. N.
Kumar, A.
Singh, B. N.
Mishra, D. N.
Publication Title: 
Anesthesiology

BACKGROUND: One underexploited property of anesthetics is their ability to probe neuronal regulation of arousal. At appropriate doses, anesthetics reversibly obtund conscious perception. However, individual anesthetic agents may accomplish this by altering the function of distinct neuronal populations. Previously the authors showed that isoflurane and sevoflurane inhibit orexinergic neurons, delaying reintegration of sensory perception as denoted by emergence. Here the authors study the effects of halothane.

Author(s): 
Gompf, Heinrich
Chen, Jingqiu
Sun, Yi
Yanagisawa, Masashi
Aston-Jones, Gary
Kelz, Max B.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Isolation conditions of immunoglobulin in egg yolk (IgY) were optimized by the addition of various levels of Na-alginate (Alg), lambda-carrageenan (lambda-Cg), Na-carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), and pectin (PC) to 6-fold diluted yolk. The mixtures were then reacted at pH 4.0-6.0 for 30 min. The optimal isolation conditions of IgY for Alg, lambda-Cg, and CMC were at the 0.1% level and at pH 5.0, while those for PC were at the 0.15% level and at the same pH.

Author(s): 
Chang, H. M.
Lu, T. C.
Chen, C. C.
Tu, Y. Y.
Hwang, J. Y.
Publication Title: 
Activitas Nervosa Superior

The present study conducted on twelve normal healthy male subjects showed decrease in blood urea, increase in creatinine and tyrosine after one minute of Kapalabhati, a fast-breathing technique of Hatha Yoga (120 respiratory strokes (min.). From biochemical point of view the practice of Kapalabhati seems to promote decarboxylation and oxidation mechanisms due to which quieting of respiratory centres is achieved, which is also the prerequisite for the practice of Pranayama, another important technique of Yoga.

Author(s): 
Desai, B. P.
Gharote, M. L.

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