Urethra

Publication Title: 
Progres En Urologie: Journal De l'Association Francaise D'urologie Et De La Societe Francaise D'urologie

Despite considerable progress, the treatment of erectile insufficiency is often difficult due to its usually multifactorial aetiology and to the fact that the 3 components of a satisfying sex life are: 1) Sufficient penile rigidity with no other associated sexual dysfunction, 2) an adapted mental state, 3) a loving relationship with the partner. All of these parameters must be taken into account to ensure a lasting success, hence the need for a global approach rather than an approach localized to the organ.

Author(s): 
Bondil, P.
BlachËre, P.
Publication Title: 
Nihon Hiny?kika Gakkai Zasshi. The Japanese Journal of Urology

In animal experiments, in assessing the vesicourethral function, it is desirable to keep the micturition reflex in a physiologic state. Most anesthetics used to immobilize the animals tend to suppress the micturition reflex. An alternative means is decerebration. However, a decerebrate animal is not easily prepared. Instead of anesthesia or decerebration, we applied animal hypnosis to rabbits for immobilization. The urodynamic characteristics during animal hypnosis were compared with those under anesthesia. Twenty male rabbits weighting 2.5 to 3.0 kg were used.

Author(s): 
Yokota, T.
Publication Title: 
Pediatrics

OBJECTIVE: Voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) is a commonly performed radiologic procedure in children that can be both painful and frightening. Given the distress that some children experience during the VCUG and the need for children to be alert and cooperative during the procedure, finding a psychological intervention that helps children to manage anxiety, distress, and pain is clearly desirable. This study was designed to examine whether relaxation and analgesia facilitated with hypnosis could reduce distress and procedure time for children who undergo this procedure.

Author(s): 
Butler, Lisa D.
Symons, Barbara K.
Henderson, Shelly L.
Shortliffe, Linda D.
Spiegel, David
Publication Title: 
Child Health Alert
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Reproductive Medicine

One year after the initiation of a prospective, randomized, crossover trial comparing dilation and massage to urethral cryosurgery utilizing a specially designed urethral cryoprobe, our results show that cryosurgery was more effective in the treatment of recurrent urethral syndrome in women. Ninety-one percent of patients first treated with cryosurgery were successful in achieving relief from their symptoms whereas only 33% of the women initially treated with dilation and massage were successful (P = .005).

Author(s): 
Sand, P. K.
Bowen, L. W.
Ostergard, D. R.
Bent, A.
Panganiban, R.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Andrology

Prostatis, the most common urological disease in men, afflicts between 25 and 50% of all adult men. Four clinical categories are recognized: acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis, non-bacterial prostatitis and prostatodynia. The role of Gram-positive aerobic bacteria and the different anaerobes in chronic bacterial prostatitis is still a matter of debate.

Author(s): 
Szöke, I.
Török, L.
Dósa, E.
Nagy, E.
Scultéty, S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (1999)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate genital tract sources of HIV-1, we conducted extensive genitourinary sampling of 23 seropositive men without urethritis who shed HIV in their seminal plasma. DESIGN: Semen was collected, then samples were obtained for HIV RNA in blood plasma, urethral fluid, pre-prostate massage fluid/urine (PMF/U) and post-PMF/U, and expressed prostatic secretions. Systematic transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsies obtained from multiple prostate areas were evaluated for HIV RNA and DNA.

Author(s): 
Coombs, Robert W.
Lockhart, David
Ross, Susan O.
Deutsch, Leslie
Dragavon, Joan
Diem, Kurt
Hooton, Thomas M.
Collier, Ann C.
Corey, Lawrence
Krieger, John N.
Publication Title: 
Andrologia

To investigate the association between eradication of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and symptom regression in chronic prostatitis, 55 symptomatic patients were subjected to segmented tests to localise CT in first voided urine (VB1), prostatic secretions (EPS), post-massage voided (VB3) or semen specimens. Patients were divided in three treatment groups: the 'urethral involvement' group ('U': VB1 positive, EPS/VB3/Semen negative) was treated with 500 mg day(-1) azithromycin for 3 days.

Author(s): 
Magri, V.
Marras, E.
Skerk, V.
Markotić, A.
Restelli, A.
Garlaschi, M. C.
Perletti, G.
Publication Title: 
Techniques in Urology

PURPOSE: Previous studies have indicated that high-energy transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT) requires intravenous (IV) sedation and/or narcotics for patient tolerance. This study was performed to determine tolerability, patient acceptance, and efficacy of TUMT using both low- and high-energy protocols in a single United States university setting.

Author(s): 
Rivas, D. A.
Bagley, D.
Gomella, L. G.
Hirsch, I. H.
Hubert, C.
Lombardo, S.
McGinnis, D. E.
Mulholland, S. G.
Shenot, P. J.
Strup, S. E.
Vasavada, S. P.
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