Uric Acid

Publication Title: 
Rheumatology (Oxford, England)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of acupuncture as complementary therapy for gouty arthritis from randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: Five electronic databases, including English and Chinese, were systematically searched until August 2012. All RCTs involving acupuncture in combination with conventional therapy for gouty arthritis were included. RESULTS: Ten RCTs involving 852 gouty arthritis patients were systematically reviewed.

Author(s): 
Lee, Won Bock
Woo, Seok Hyeon
Min, Byung-Il
Cho, Seung-Hun
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

OBJECTIVES: To test whether lower serum uric acid (UA) levels are associated with longevity independent of renal function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. SETTING: Ashkenazi Jewish individuals with exceptional longevity (Longevity Genes Project at Albert Einstein College of Medicine). PARTICIPANTS: Long-lived individuals (LLI) of Ashkenazi Jewish ethnicity (mean age ± standard deviation 97.7 ± 2.9, n = 365), their offspring (mean age ± standard deviation 68.2 ± 8.2, n = 593) and controls (without family history of longevity, mean age ± standard deviation 72.5 ± 9.9, n = 356).

Author(s): 
Lai, Jennifer Yi-Chun
Atzmon, Gil
Melamed, Michal L.
Hostetter, Thomas H.
Crandall, Jill P.
Barzilai, Nir
Bitzer, Markus
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Author(s): 
Berman, B. H.
Leon, D. F.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Nutrition

Many hypotheses of disease risk and prevention depend on inferences about the metabolic effects of fructose; however, there is inadequate attention to dose dependency. Fructose is proving to have bidirectional effects. At moderate or high doses, an effect on any one marker may be absent or even the opposite of that observed at very high or excessive doses; examples include fasting plasma triglyceride, insulin sensitivity, and the putative marker uric acid.

Author(s): 
Livesey, Geoffrey
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

OBJECTIVES: To test whether lower serum uric acid (UA) levels are associated with longevity independent of renal function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. SETTING: Ashkenazi Jewish individuals with exceptional longevity (Longevity Genes Project at Albert Einstein College of Medicine). PARTICIPANTS: Long-lived individuals (LLI) of Ashkenazi Jewish ethnicity (mean age ± standard deviation 97.7 ± 2.9, n = 365), their offspring (mean age ± standard deviation 68.2 ± 8.2, n = 593) and controls (without family history of longevity, mean age ± standard deviation 72.5 ± 9.9, n = 356).

Author(s): 
Lai, Jennifer Yi-Chun
Atzmon, Gil
Melamed, Michal L.
Hostetter, Thomas H.
Crandall, Jill P.
Barzilai, Nir
Bitzer, Markus
Publication Title: 
Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene

The fasting month of Ramadan is the ninth lunar month of the Islamic calendar. It is the most important month for Muslims because in which the Qur'an was revealed, and they abstain from food and drink from dawn to sunset to express their gratitude to God. Eating and drinking is permitted only at night, and Muslims typically eat two meals each day, after sunset and just before dawn. People tend to stay up late watching TV with the family, praying or reading the Qur'an. Ramadan teaches Muslims self-restraint and reminds them of the feelings of the impoverished.

Author(s): 
Toda, M.
Morimoto, K.
Publication Title: 
Arzneimittel-Forschung

Two drugs composed of several different plant extracts are in use in Ayurvedic medicine for the treatment of asthma and arthritis, respectively. There is increasing evidence that reactive oxygen species (ROS) arising from several enzymatic reactions are mediators of inflammatory events such as the above mentioned. Plant extracts have the potential for scavenging such reactive oxygen species, dependent on the individual test system.

Author(s): 
Janisch, Kerstin M.
Milde, Jens
Elstner, Erich F.
Publication Title: 
Vascular Pharmacology

In the present study, we have investigated the efficacy of Indian ayurvedic herbal formulation Triphala on monosodium urate crystal-induced inflammation in mice; an experimental model for gouty arthritis and compared it with that of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, Indomethacin. The anti-arthritic effect of Triphala was evaluated by measuring changes in the paw volume, lysosomal enzyme activities, lipid peroxidation, anti-oxidant status and inflammatory mediator TNF-alpha in control and monosodium urate crystal-induced mice.

Author(s): 
Sabina, E. P.
Rasool, M.
Publication Title: 
Fitoterapia

Several Ayurvedic plants are known to have activity against diverse urinary crystals. The traditional knowledge of Ayurveda, collective clinical experience in arthritis and the earlier experimental studies on urinary crystals led to the selection of three plants, viz. Rotula aquatica, Commiphora wightii Bhandari syn. C.mukul. and Boerhaavia diffusa for screening anticrystal activity against basic calcium phosphate (BCP), calcium pyrophosphate (CPPD) and monosodium urate monohydrate (MSUM). The effects of each plant were assayed on microcrystals in 24-well microplates in vitro.

Author(s): 
Raut, Ashwinikumar A.
Sunder, Sudha
Sarkar, Subrata
Pandita, Nancy S.
Vaidya, Ashok D. B.
Publication Title: 
Circulation

BACKGROUND: In addition to being a risk marker for cardiovascular disease, much recent data suggest that C-reactive protein (CRP) promotes atherogenesis. Decreased endothelial NO and prostacyclin (PGI2) contribute to a proatherogenic and prothrombotic state. We have shown that CRP decreases endothelial NO synthase expression and bioactivity in human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs). PGI2 is a potent vasodilator and inhibitor of platelet aggregation. Hence, the aim of this study was to examine the effect of CRP on PGI2 release from HAECs and human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs).

Author(s): 
Venugopal, Senthil Kumar
Devaraj, Sridevi
Jialal, Ishwarlal

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