Urodynamics

Publication Title: 
British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Ed.)

Fifty incontinent women with proved detrusor instability completed 12 sessions of hypnosis (symptom removal by direct suggestion and "ego strengthening") over one month. This was continued at home with a prerecorded cassette, and all patients were followed up for at least six months. At the end of the 12 sessions 29 patients were entirely symptom free, 14 improved, and seven unchanged.

Author(s): 
Freeman, R. M.
Baxby, K.
Publication Title: 
Nihon Hiny?kika Gakkai Zasshi. The Japanese Journal of Urology

In animal experiments, in assessing the vesicourethral function, it is desirable to keep the micturition reflex in a physiologic state. Most anesthetics used to immobilize the animals tend to suppress the micturition reflex. An alternative means is decerebration. However, a decerebrate animal is not easily prepared. Instead of anesthesia or decerebration, we applied animal hypnosis to rabbits for immobilization. The urodynamic characteristics during animal hypnosis were compared with those under anesthesia. Twenty male rabbits weighting 2.5 to 3.0 kg were used.

Author(s): 
Yokota, T.
Publication Title: 
Arzneimittel-Forschung

The general pharmacological profile of 7-fluoro-1-methyl-3-(methylsulfonyl)- 4(1H)-quinolone BTS 53 554, CAS 76568-68-8), the main metabolite of a new vasodilator, flosequinan (BTS 49 465), was investigated. 1. The central nervous system: BTS 53 554 at the dose of 30 mg/kg i.v. caused an increase in respiratory rate and a sedation in general behavior in rats. The drug also inhibited acetic acid-induced writhing and slightly decreased normal body temperature in mice. However, the drug at the doses up to 30 mg/kg i.v.

Author(s): 
Fujita, S.
Ikezono, K.
Umezato, M.
Hosoki, E.
Toba, Y.
Ishikawa, M.
Kusunoki, A.
Shintani, S.
Publication Title: 
Arzneimittel-Forschung

Pharmacological effects of a new vasodilator, flosequinan (7-fluoro-1-methyl-3-(methylsulfinyl)-4(1H)-quinolone, BTS 49 465, CAS 76568-02-0) on the central nervous system, somatic nervous system, autonomic nervous system and smooth muscle, digestive system and miscellaneous organs were investigated. 1. The central nervous system: Flosequinan inhibited acetic acid-induced writhing at doses of more than 30 mg/kg p.o. and decreased body temperature and tended to decrease spontaneous movement slightly in mice at a dose of 100 mg/kg p.o.

Author(s): 
Ikezono, K.
Fujita, S.
Umezato, M.
Hosoki, E.
Toba, Y.
Kusunoki, A.
Shintani, S.
Publication Title: 
Menopause International

Urinary incontinence, urgency, overactive bladder symptoms, cystitis and urinary tract infections are common conditions that collectively trouble over one-third of the female population around and beyond the time of menopause, with a detrimental effect on physical, social and mental wellbeing. Apart from pharmacological and surgical treatments, a long list of lifestyle, behavioural, physical and complementary interventions have been introduced over the years to relieve lower urinary tract symptoms.

Author(s): 
Christofi, Nicholas
Hextall, Andrew
Publication Title: 
Clinical Therapeutics

BACKGROUND: Drug treatment can defer surgical intervention in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a common disorder in elderly men, and is widely practiced. Various herbal formulations have been used for the treatment of BPH, but few have been compared with established modern medicines in head-to-head clinical trials. OBJECTIVE: We compared the effectiveness and tolerability of an oral formulation, comprising standardized extracts of Murraya koenigii and Tribulus terrestris leaves being marketed in India under Ayurvedic license, versus tamsulosin in the treatment of symptomatic BPH.

Author(s): 
Sengupta, Gairik
Hazra, Avijit
Kundu, Anup
Ghosh, Anirban
Publication Title: 
The New England Journal of Medicine

BACKGROUND: Saw palmetto is used by over 2 million men in the United States for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia and is commonly recommended as an alternative to drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration. METHODS: In this double-blind trial, we randomly assigned 225 men over the age of 49 years who had moderate-to-severe symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia to one year of treatment with saw palmetto extract (160 mg twice a day) or placebo.

Author(s): 
Bent, Stephen
Kane, Christopher
Shinohara, Katsuto
Neuhaus, John
Hudes, Esther S.
Goldberg, Harley
Avins, Andrew L.
Publication Title: 
Urologii͡a (Moscow, Russia: 1999)

The efficacy of transrectal microwave hyperthermia (TMH) was investigated in 124 patients aged 20 to 55 years. Of them, 75 (60.5%) patients had chronic noninfectious and 49 (39.5%) patients infectious prostatitis. In addition to standard pre- and posttreatment examinations the following tests were made: bacteriological and biochemical tests of prostatic secretion, uroflowmetry, transrectal color Dopplerographic mapping. The course of the treatment included 10 one-hour sessions of microwave hyperthermia, drug therapy and prostatic massage.

Author(s): 
Sokolov, A. V.
Publication Title: 
Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, I Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury

103 patients with chronic prostatitis complicated by erectile impotence were given combined treatment including shock-wave massage, mud applications, local vacuum magnetotherapy. This combination was found to stimulate copulative function, urodynamics of the lower urinary tracts, to produce an antiinflammatory effect. These benefits allow to recommend the above physical factors for management of chronic prostatitis patients with copulative dysfunction.

Author(s): 
Karpukhin, I. V.
Bogomol'nyĭ, V. A.
Publication Title: 
European Urology

BACKGROUND: Whether lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), including voiding, storage, and urinary incontinence, are affected by dietary micronutrients is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that carotenoid, vitamin C, zinc, and calcium intakes are associated with LUTS and urinary incontinence in women.

Author(s): 
Maserejian, Nancy N.
Giovannucci, Edward L.
McVary, Kevin T.
McKinlay, John B.

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