User-Computer Interface

Publication Title: 
Journal of Medical Internet Research

BACKGROUND: PubMed is the largest bibliographic index in the life sciences. It is freely available online and is used by professionals and the public to learn more about medical research. While primarily intended to serve researchers, PubMed provides an array of tools and services that can help a wider readership in the location, comprehension, evaluation, and utilization of medical research. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to establish the potential contributions made by a range of PubMed tools and services to the use of the database by complementary and alternative medicine practitioners.

Author(s): 
Willinsky, John
Quint-Rapoport, Mia
Publication Title: 
Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics

BACKGROUND: Electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) is a poorly understood condition in which patients report symptoms following perceived exposure to weak electromagnetic fields (EMFs) such as those produced by mobile phones or visual display units. Little is known about the aetiology of the condition although experimental data suggest that EMFs are an unlikely causal agent. In this systematic review we assessed the efficacy of any treatment for people reporting EHS. METHODS: Twelve literature databases were examined to identify relevant studies.

Author(s): 
Rubin, G. James
Das Munshi, Jayati
Wessely, Simon
Publication Title: 
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine

OBJECTIVE: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a scientific discipline, which develops the related theories from the long-term clinical practices. The large-scale clinical data are the core empirical knowledge source for TCM research. This paper introduces a clinical data warehouse (CDW) system, which incorporates the structured electronic medical record (SEMR) data for medical knowledge discovery and TCM clinical decision support (CDS).

Author(s): 
Zhou, Xuezhong
Chen, Shibo
Liu, Baoyan
Zhang, Runsun
Wang, Yinghui
Li, Ping
Guo, Yufeng
Zhang, Hua
Gao, Zhuye
Yan, Xiufeng
Publication Title: 
PloS One

Aging in the world population has increased every year. Superoxide dismutase 2 (Mn-SOD or SOD2) protects against oxidative stress, a main factor influencing cellular longevity. Polymorphisms in SOD2 have been associated with the development of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease, as well as psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia, depression and bipolar disorder.

Author(s): 
de Carvalho, Mariana Dias Castela
De Mesquita, Joelma Freire
Publication Title: 
Nucleic Acids Research

MethylomeDB (http://epigenomics.columbia.edu/methylomedb/index.html) is a new database containing genome-wide brain DNA methylation profiles. DNA methylation is an important epigenetic mark in the mammalian brain. In human studies, aberrant DNA methylation alterations have been associated with various neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, and depression. In this database, we present methylation profiles of carefully selected non-psychiatric control, schizophrenia, and depression samples.

Author(s): 
Xin, Yurong
Chanrion, Benjamin
O'Donnell, Anne H.
Milekic, Maria
Costa, Ramiro
Ge, Yongchao
Haghighi, Fatemeh G.
Publication Title: 
Epigenetics

Recent evidence suggests that DNA methylation changes may underlie numerous complex traits and diseases. The advent of commercial, array-based methods to interrogate DNA methylation has led to a profusion of epigenetic studies in the literature. Array-based methods, such as the popular Illumina GoldenGate and Infinium platforms, estimate the proportion of DNA methylated at single-base resolution for thousands of CpG sites across the genome. These arrays generate enormous amounts of data, but few software resources exist for efficient and flexible analysis of these data.

Author(s): 
Kilaru, Varun
Barfield, Richard T.
Schroeder, James W.
Smith, Alicia K.
Conneely, Karen N.
Publication Title: 
Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews

Surprisingly little scientific research has been conducted on the topic of interpersonal touch over the years, despite the importance of touch in our everyday social interactions from birth through to adulthood and old age. In this review, we critically evaluate the results of the research on this topic that have emerged from disciplines, such as cognitive and social psychology, neuroscience, and cultural anthropology.

Author(s): 
Gallace, Alberto
Spence, Charles
Publication Title: 
CoDAS

PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of an online social network as a support for parents of children with hearing impairment. METHODS: Twenty-two mothers, randomly divided into experimental (n=11) and control (n=11) groups, filled in an online form containing the Parental Stress Index - Short Form (PSI-SF). Only the experimental group had access to the "Babies' Portal" social network. Both groups filled in the online form once again 3 months after the first assessment, for evaluating the use and participation in the social network.

Author(s): 
Aiello, Camila Piccini
Ferrari, Deborah Viviane
Publication Title: 
Nature Neuroscience

Although the neural mechanisms underlying altruism remain unknown, empathy and its component abilities, such as the perception of the actions and intentions of others, have been proposed as key contributors. Tasks requiring the perception of agency activate the posterior superior temporal cortex (pSTC), particularly in the right hemisphere. Here, we demonstrate that differential activation of the human pSTC during action perception versus action performance predicts self-reported altruism.

Author(s): 
Tankersley, Dharol
Stowe, C. Jill
Huettel, Scott A.
Publication Title: 
Science and Engineering Ethics

It has been claimed that (1) computer professionals should be held responsible for an undisclosed list of "undesirable events" associated with their work and (2) most if not all computer disasters can be avoided by truly understanding responsibility. Programmers, software developers, and other computer professionals should be defended against such vague, counterproductive, and impossible ideals because these imply the mandatory satisfaction of social needs and the equation of ethics with a kind of altruism.

Author(s): 
Stieb, James A.

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