Vaccines

Publication Title: 
Sexual Health

OBJECTIVE: To provide an updated review of condom migration as a means of highlighting methodological issues for future studies of this behavioural issue. METHODS: Electronic searches of PubMed, MEDLINE and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases were carried out in October 2010 and updated in January 2011 for English-language articles published from 1994 onward. RESULTS: Evidence addressing condom migration from microbicides and vaccines is vastly underdeveloped, simply because these products are still experimental.

Author(s): 
Crosby, Richard A.
Ricks, Janelle
Young, April
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

BACKGROUND: The 'hygiene hypothesis' has been used to justify a belief common among homeopaths, that the suppression of childhood infections and immunisation may lead to the development of chronic atopic diseases. OBJECTIVES: To analyse the influence of childhood infections and immunisation on the development of atopy. METHODS: Qualitative systematic review of direct epidemiological evidence (Medline 1993-2004) concerning the influence of childhood infections and immunisation on the development of atopy and discussion based on homeopathy.

Author(s): 
Adler, U. C.
Publication Title: 
Qualitative Health Research

Parental consent to children's participation in vaccine research has resulted in the licensure of essential vaccines. Recruitment to this type of research is typically difficult, however, and many parents decline. In this study, the authors interviewed parents about their decision for or against enrolling their child in a vaccine study. The data analysis suggests that parents' ability to evaluate a vaccine study depends on how attuned they are with science and medicine, either professionally or as consumers of health services.

Author(s): 
Chantler, Tracey E. A.
Lees, Amanda
Moxon, E. Richard
Mant, David
Pollard, Andrew J.
Fiztpatrick, Ray
Publication Title: 
Vaccine

The growing abundance of highly immunogenic vaccines has arrived with a burden of pain, distress, and common adverse reactions that in turn may interfere with parental compliance and aggravate anti-vaccine sentiment. In a study of 150 children in each of 2 age-groups, we found that approximately 20% of the subjects suffered serious distress or worse. During the procedural phase, approximately 90% of the 15-to-18 month old children and 45% of the 4-to-6 year old children showed serious distress or worse.

Author(s): 
Jacobson, R. M.
Swan, A.
Adegbenro, A.
Ludington, S. L.
Wollan, P. C.
Poland, G. A.
Vaccine Research Group
Publication Title: 
Maternal and Child Health Journal

This study investigated provider-based complementary/alternative medicine use and its association with receipt of recommended vaccinations by children aged 1-2 years and with acquisition of vaccine-preventable disease by children aged 1-17 years. Results were based on logistic regression analysis of insurance claims for pediatric enrollees covered by two insurance companies in Washington State during 2000-2003. Primary exposures were use of chiropractic, naturopathy, acupuncture, or massage practitioner services by pediatric enrollees or members of their immediate families.

Author(s): 
Downey, Lois
Tyree, Patrick T.
Huebner, Colleen E.
Lafferty, William E.
Publication Title: 
Maternal and Child Health Journal

This study investigated provider-based complementary/alternative medicine use and its association with receipt of recommended vaccinations by children aged 1-2 years and with acquisition of vaccine-preventable disease by children aged 1-17 years. Results were based on logistic regression analysis of insurance claims for pediatric enrollees covered by two insurance companies in Washington State during 2000-2003. Primary exposures were use of chiropractic, naturopathy, acupuncture, or massage practitioner services by pediatric enrollees or members of their immediate families.

Author(s): 
Downey, Lois
Tyree, Patrick T.
Huebner, Colleen E.
Lafferty, William E.
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: For almost 2000 years it has been recognized that aqueous extracts from pine cones possess medicinal properties beneficial for the treatment of a broad variety of diseases and conditions. In this report, the ability of an orally administered poly phenylpropanoid-polysaccharide rich extract of pine cones (PPC) to suppress the generation of IgE and to significantly enhance antigen-specific cellular responses to a variety of vaccines was tested.

Author(s): 
Burrows, Mike
Assundani, Deepak
Celis, Esteban
Tufaro, Frank
Tanaka, Akiko
Bradley, W. Guy
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Chemical Society

The success of antitumor and antiviral vaccines often requires the use of an adjuvant, a substance that significantly enhances the immune response to a coadministered antigen. Only a handful of adjuvants have both sufficient potency and acceptable toxicity for clinical investigation. One promising adjuvant is QS-21, a saponin natural product that is the immunopotentiator of choice in many cancer and infectious disease vaccine clinical trials.

Author(s): 
Adams, Michelle M.
Damani, Payal
Perl, Nicholas R.
Won, Annie
Hong, Feng
Livingston, Philip O.
Ragupathi, Govind
Gin, David Y.
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

BACKGROUND: The 'hygiene hypothesis' has been used to justify a belief common among homeopaths, that the suppression of childhood infections and immunisation may lead to the development of chronic atopic diseases. OBJECTIVES: To analyse the influence of childhood infections and immunisation on the development of atopy. METHODS: Qualitative systematic review of direct epidemiological evidence (Medline 1993-2004) concerning the influence of childhood infections and immunisation on the development of atopy and discussion based on homeopathy.

Author(s): 
Adler, U. C.
Publication Title: 
Postal History International

In April 1972, "Postal History International" published an article of mine concerning anti-vaccination caricature envelopes, which has led to some correspondence with readers and the discovery of several related items. It seems appropriate, therefore, to summarise the information in these pages, in the hope that this may bring forth knowledgeable comment from others. Details of any foreign propaganda of this sort would be particularly welcome.

Author(s): 
Vandervelde, V. D.

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