Ventricular Fibrillation

Publication Title: 
Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

The beneficial effect of a beta-blocking agent (pindolol), given as an adjuvant to DC-shock and lidocaine therapy in a case of heart resuscitation is reported. A 65-year-old female patient was operated for an abdominal aortic aneurysm. At the conclusion of the operation, which was prolonged and difficult, the patient developed alternating ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation. Within a time interval of 50 min electrical defibrillation was performed 20 to 25 times, and as much as 1100 mg of lidocaine was administered.

Author(s): 
Holmboe, J.
Lilleåsen, P.
Normann, E.
Publication Title: 
Critical Care Medicine

Factors that may influence energy requirements for ventricular defibrillation include the duration of fibrillation and the mode of resuscitation. The present study assesses the effect of these influences on the energy needed for defibrillation. Dogs were anesthetized, and arterial blood pressure and Lead II of the ECG were continuously recorded. Ventricular fibrillation was electrically induced in each dog for a period of 1, 3, 5, or 9 min.

Author(s): 
Yakaitis, R. W.
Ewy, G. A.
Otto, C. W.
Taren, D. L.
Moon, T. E.
Publication Title: 
Critical Care Medicine

Two new catecholamines, dopamine and dobutamine, have found widespread use for cardiovascular support. The relative efficacy of these drugs in aiding resuscitation from cardiopulmonary arrest is unknown. Dogs were subjected to either asphyxial or fibrillatory cardiac arrest. Resuscitation was attempted with artificial ventilation, closed chest cardiac massage, and one of four iv drug protocols: dopamine, 40 mg; epinephrine, 1 mg; dobutamine, 50 mg; or no drug.

Author(s): 
Otto, C. W.
Yakaitis, R. W.
Redding, J. S.
Blitt, C. D.
Publication Title: 
Pacing and clinical electrophysiology: PACE

BACKGROUND: Patients with ischemic heart disease may require antianginal and/or antiarrhythmic regimes. These patients may also be candidates for implantable defibrillators. The effects of antiarrhythmics, such as bretylium, or calcium antagonists, such as verapamil, nifedipine, or diltiazem on internal defibrillation efficacy have been inconsistent or are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: The effects of bretylium and verapamil on the energy requirements for ventricular defibrillation threshold (DFT) were determined in 92 open-chest anesthetized pigs.

Author(s): 
Jones, D. L.
Kim, Y. H.
Natale, A.
Klein, G. J.
Varin, F.
Publication Title: 
Pediatric Emergency Care

OBJECTIVE: Baseball injuries account for a significant number of sports-related fatalities in children. We present a case of a 12-year-old male who died after being struck in the chest by a high velocity baseball propelled from a pitching machine. We examine the pathophysiology of blunt chest trauma, discuss possible explanations for the development of arrhythmias, review baseball-related fatalities, and suggest injury prevention strategies. DESIGN: A case report and review of the literature. SETTING: A pediatric emergency department (ED) in an urban, tertiary care, general hospital.

Author(s): 
van Amerongen, R.
Rosen, M.
Winnik, G.
Horwitz, J.
Publication Title: 
Canadian Medical Association Journal

Reports of clinical benefits of closed-chest cardiac resuscitation refute recently published studies contesting its effectiveness.Our experimental investigations demonstrate that closed-chest massage is able to achieve adequate cerebral circulation and oxygenation during cardiac arrest.Clinical studies indicate that a significant number of coronary patients can be saved if a monitor system is used to warn of the onset of ventricular fibrillation or arrest. To be successful, closed-chest resuscitation must be instituted within the four-minute limit after onset of cardiac arrest.

Author(s): 
Corday, E.
Pappelbaum, S.
Gold, H.
Bazika, V.
Publication Title: 
Resuscitation

AIMS: Shortening hands-off intervals can improve benefits from defibrillation. This study presents the performance of a shock advisory system (SAS), which aims to decrease the pre-shock pauses by triggering fast rhythm analysis at minimal delay after end of chest compressions (CC). METHODS: The SAS is evaluated on a database of 1301 samples from 311 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) from automated external defibrillators (AEDs).

Author(s): 
Didon, Jean-Philippe
Krasteva, Vessela
Ménétré, Sarah
Stoyanov, Todor
Jekova, Irena
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology

Ischemic preconditioning (PC) has been proposed as an endogenous form of protection against-ischemia reperfusion injury. We have shown that PC does not prevent postischemic dysfunction in the aging heart. This phenomenon could be due to the reduction of cardiac norepinephrine release, and it has also been previously demonstrated that age-related decrease of norepinephrine release from cardiac adrenergic nerves may be restored by caloric restriction.

Author(s): 
Abete, Pasquale
Testa, Gianluca
Ferrara, Nicola
de Santis, Domenico
Capaccio, Pina
Viati, Luisa
Calabrese, Claudio
Cacciatore, Francesco
Longobardi, Giancarlo
Condorelli, Mario
Napoli, Claudio
Rengo, Franco
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