Version, Fetal

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Breech presentation is associated with increased complications. Turning a breech baby to head first presentation using external cephalic version (ECV) attempts to reduce the chances of breech presentation at birth so as to avoid the adverse effects of breech vaginal birth or caesarean section. Interventions such as tocolytic drugs and other methods have been used in an attempt to facilitate ECV.

Author(s): 
Cluver, Catherine
Gyte, Gillian M. L.
Sinclair, Marlene
Dowswell, Therese
Hofmeyr, G. Justus
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Moxibustion (a type of Chinese medicine which involves burning a herb close to the skin) to the acupuncture point Bladder 67 (BL67) (Chinese name Zhiyin), located at the tip of the fifth toe, has been proposed as a way of correcting breech presentation. As caesarean section is often suggested for breech babies due to the potential difficulties during labour, it is preferable to turn the baby before labour starts.

Author(s): 
Coyle, M. E.
Smith, C. A.
Peat, B.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

We searched systematically for randomized controlled trials, comparing moxibustion with a nonmoxibustion control group or other methods such as external cephalic version, postural methods, and acupuncture in databases, both Western and Chinese, up to June 2007.

Author(s): 
Vas, Jorge
Aranda, José Manuel
Nishishinya, Betina
Méndez, Camila
Martin, M. Angeles
Pons, Joana
Liu, Jian Ping
Wang, Chun Yong
Perea-Milla, Emilio
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

We searched systematically for randomized controlled trials, comparing moxibustion with a nonmoxibustion control group or other methods such as external cephalic version, postural methods, and acupuncture in databases, both Western and Chinese, up to June 2007.

Author(s): 
Vas, Jorge
Aranda, José Manuel
Nishishinya, Betina
Méndez, Camila
Martin, M. Angeles
Pons, Joana
Liu, Jian Ping
Wang, Chun Yong
Perea-Milla, Emilio
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Moxibustion (a type of Chinese medicine which involves burning a herb close to the skin) to the acupuncture point Bladder 67 (BL67) (Chinese name Zhiyin), located at the tip of the fifth toe, has been proposed as a way of correcting breech presentation. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness and safety of moxibustion on changing the presentation of an unborn baby in the breech position, the need for external cephalic version (ECV), mode of birth, and perinatal morbidity and mortality for breech presentation.

Author(s): 
Coyle, Meaghan E.
Smith, Caroline A.
Peat, Brian
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society

AIMS: To analyse the cost effectiveness of using the moxibustion technique to correct non-vertex presentation and to reduce the number of caesarean sections performed at term. METHOD: A deterministic model of decision analysis has been developed to analyse the cost of treatment in which heat is applied by moxibustion (the combustion of Artemisia vulgaris) at acupuncture point BL67 for pregnant women with non-vertex fetal position at 33-35?weeks' gestation. This approach was compared with conventional treatment recommendations based on the knee-chest posture technique.

Author(s): 
García-Mochón, Leticia
Martín, José J.
Aranda-Regules, José Manuel
Rivas-Ruiz, Francisco
Vas, Jorge
Publication Title: 
Archives of Family Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of hypnosis to convert a breech presentation to a vertex presentation. DESIGN: Prospective case series compared with historical, matched comparison group. SUBJECTS: One hundred pregnant women whose fetuses were in breech position at 37 to 40 weeks' gestation and a matched comparison group of women with similar obstetrical and sociodemographic parameters derived from databases for other studies from the same time period and geographical areas.

Author(s): 
Mehl, L. E.
Publication Title: 
Journal De Gynécologie, Obstétrique Et Biologie De La Reproduction

Fetal breech presentation at term is more and more treated by a planned cesarean section. Considering the increased maternal morbidity and mortality in relation to abdominal delivery versus vaginal birth, natural and innocuous methods have been proposed for the promotion of a spontaneous fetal cephalic version during the last two Months of pregnancy. In order to stimulate fetal motility many techniques have been described, either advising postural methods (passive bridge, Indian version, knee-chest position) or using acupuncture (stimulation of the fifth toe and auricular points).

Author(s): 
Boog, G.
Publication Title: 
Midwifery Today with International Midwife

Techniques for turning a term breech baby are 1). External cephalic version (ECV) using hands and ultrasound only; 2). Acupuncture point stimulation, by needle or moxibustion; 3). Chiropractic "Webster" technique; 4). Hypnotherapy; and 5). Special exercises. Fifty % of breech fetuses at 34 weeks will turn by themselves to head down by 38 weeks. Therefore, to be considered effective, a technique for turning breech must turn the baby and keep it turned more than 50% of the time.

Author(s): 
Cohain, Judy Slome
Publication Title: 
Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and acceptability of external cephalic version (ECV). MATERIALS AND METHOD: From 2004 to 2008, 212 pregnant women between 34-37 weeks of gestation with fetus in breech presentation were included in a randomized clinical trial and 125 externals cephalic versions were studied. RESULTS: A success rate of 37.6%t was recorded. At 34 weeks of gestation, 80.6% of women were considering an ECV in the event of persistent breech position at 37 weeks. These women expressed the desire to give birth vaginally (52% versus 24.4%, P<0.001).

Author(s): 
Pichon, M.
Guittier, M.-J.
Irion, O.
Boulvain, M.

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