Veterans

Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: About a third of service members returning from post-9/11 deployment in Afghanistan and Iraq report combat-related mental health conditions, but many do not seek conventional treatment. Mind-body therapies have been offered as alternative approaches to decreasing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but no review of studies with veterans of post-9/11 operations was found. The objective of this study was to fill that gap. DESIGN: A systematic literature review was conducted following the preferred items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines.

Author(s): 
Cushing, Robin E.
Braun, Kathryn L.
Publication Title: 
Medical Care

BACKGROUND: Meditation, imagery, acupuncture, and yoga are the most frequently offered mind and body practices in the Department of Veterans Affairs. Yet, the research on mind and body practices has been critiqued as being too limited in evidence and scope to inform clinical treatment. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic scoping review of mind and body practices used with veterans or active duty military personnel to identify gaps in the literature and make recommendations for future primary research.

Author(s): 
Elwy, A. Rani
Johnston, Jennifer M.
Bormann, Jill E.
Hull, Amanda
Taylor, Stephanie L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: About a third of service members returning from post-9/11 deployment in Afghanistan and Iraq report combat-related mental health conditions, but many do not seek conventional treatment. Mind-body therapies have been offered as alternative approaches to decreasing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but no review of studies with veterans of post-9/11 operations was found. The objective of this study was to fill that gap. DESIGN: A systematic literature review was conducted following the preferred items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines.

Author(s): 
Cushing, Robin E.
Braun, Kathryn L.
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

Moral injury represents an emerging clinical construct recognized as a source of morbidity in current and former military personnel. Finding effective ways to support those affected by moral injury remains a challenge for both biomedical and complementary and alternative medicine. This paper introduces the concept of moral injury and suggests two complementary and alternative medicine, pastoral care and mindfulness, which may prove useful in supporting military personnel thought to be dealing with moral injury.

Author(s): 
Kopacz, Marek S.
Connery, April L.
Bishop, Todd M.
Bryan, Craig J.
Drescher, Kent D.
Currier, Joseph M.
Pigeon, Wilfred R.
Publication Title: 
Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy

OBJECTIVE: Interest in meditation to manage posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms is increasing. Few studies have examined the effectiveness of meditation programs offered to Veterans within Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) mental health services. The current study addresses this gap using data from a multisite VA demonstration project. METHOD: Evaluation data collected at 6 VA sites (N = 391 Veterans) before and after a meditation program, and a treatment-as-usual (TAU) program, were examined here using random effects meta-analyses.

Author(s): 
Heffner, Kathi L.
Crean, Hugh F.
Kemp, Jan E.
Publication Title: 
AAOHN journal: official journal of the American Association of Occupational Health Nurses

Mindfulness meditation (MfM) is a mind-body therapy identified by the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Initially taught in a formal classroom setting, MfM is a sustainable intervention with minimal costs that can be used over time. For veterans, after mastery, this technique shows promise in improving health outcomes and quality of life. This article describes MfM, discusses the conceptual framework and evidence-based research for MfM, and identifies the implications of MfM use by health care providers who are caring for war veterans.

Author(s): 
Cuellar, Norma G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association

Although close associations between tinnitus and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among war veterans has been documented, there is limited research that explores evidence-based, efficacious interventions to treat the condition in this particular population. This article presents a case of three war veterans with PTSD symptoms who received a series of acupuncture treatments for tinnitus with positive outcomes.

Author(s): 
Arhin, Afua O.
Gallop, Kelly
Mann, Judith
Cannon, Sheila
Tran, Kimberly
Wang, Mei-Chuan
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate clinical effects of auricular acupuncture treatments for pain based on a revised auricular mapping and diagnostic paradigm (RAMP-uP). DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: A major US Veterans Affairs Medical Centre located in the Southeaster United States. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pain and efficacy rating scores based on visual analogue scales during each clinical visit. Duration of acupuncture treatment effects based on clinic notes documentation. RESULTS: Patients' average pain score decreased by almost 60% (p<0.0001).

Author(s): 
Huang, W.
Halpin, S. N.
Perkins, M. M.
Publication Title: 
Medical Care

BACKGROUND: Meditation, imagery, acupuncture, and yoga are the most frequently offered mind and body practices in the Department of Veterans Affairs. Yet, the research on mind and body practices has been critiqued as being too limited in evidence and scope to inform clinical treatment. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic scoping review of mind and body practices used with veterans or active duty military personnel to identify gaps in the literature and make recommendations for future primary research.

Author(s): 
Elwy, A. Rani
Johnston, Jennifer M.
Bormann, Jill E.
Hull, Amanda
Taylor, Stephanie L.
Publication Title: 
Psychosomatic Medicine

OBJECTIVE: Epigenetic mechanisms have been implicated in the pathogenesis of psychiatric disorders. The serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) is a key candidate gene for depression. We examined the association between SLC6A4 promoter methylation variation and depressive symptoms using 84 monozygotic twin pairs. METHODS: DNA methylation level in the SLC6A4 promoter region was quantified by bisulfite pyrosequencing using genomic DNA isolated from peripheral blood leukocytes. The number of current depressive symptoms was assessed using the Beck Depressive Inventory II (BDI-II).

Author(s): 
Zhao, Jinying
Goldberg, Jack
Bremner, James D.
Vaccarino, Viola

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