Vision Disorders

Publication Title: 
Klinische Monatsblatter Fur Augenheilkunde

Traumatic changes in the iridocorneal angle, e.g. in ball sports, can lead to secondary glaucoma. High intensity resistance exercise or yoga exercises - such as the headstand - can increase IOP, and deterioration in the visual field and acute narrow angle glaucoma attacks have been described in some case reports. Glaucoma therapy of professional athletes with steroids, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors and beta-blockers can result in positive doping tests.

Author(s): 
Rüfer, F.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Child Neurology

There is little consistency in the literature concerning factors that influence motor coordination in children. A hypothesis-free "exposome" approach was used with 7359 children using longitudinal information covering 3 generations in regard to throwing a ball accurately at age 7 years. The analyses showed an independent robust negative association with mother's unhappiness in her midchildhood (6-11 years). No such association was present for study fathers. The offspring of parents who described themselves as having poor eyesight had poorer ability.

Author(s): 
Golding, Jean
Gregory, Steven
Iles-Caven, Yasmin
Lingam, Raghu
Davis, John M.
Emmett, Pauline
Steer, Colin D.
Hibbeln, Joseph R.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Davison, G. C.
Singleton, L.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Roden, R. G.
Publication Title: 
Southern Medical Journal

BACKGROUND: Proximal intercessory prayer (PIP) is a common complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapy, but clinical effects are poorly understood, partly because studies have focused on distant intercessory prayer (DIP). METHODS: This prospective study used an audiometer (Earscan(R) 3) and vision charts (40 cm, 6 m "Illiterate E") to evaluate 24 consecutive Mozambican subjects (19 males/5 females) reporting impaired hearing (14) and/or vision (11) who subsequently received PIP interventions.

Author(s): 
Brown, Candy Gunther
Mory, Stephen C.
Williams, Rebecca
McClymond, Michael J.
Publication Title: 
Ghana Medical Journal

A case of an acute reversible visual loss in a 10-year-old child who was on mefloquine prophylaxis, and was treated with artesunate-amodiaquine for an acute febrile illness diagnosed clinically as uncomplicated malaria, is reported. On admission the patient could not perceive light and had bilateral papilloedema. She was treated with dexamethasone and recovered her sight gradually over a 21-day period.

Author(s): 
Adjei, G. O.
Adabayeri, V. M.
Annobil, S. H.
Publication Title: 
Southern Medical Journal

BACKGROUND: Proximal intercessory prayer (PIP) is a common complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapy, but clinical effects are poorly understood, partly because studies have focused on distant intercessory prayer (DIP). METHODS: This prospective study used an audiometer (Earscan(R) 3) and vision charts (40 cm, 6 m "Illiterate E") to evaluate 24 consecutive Mozambican subjects (19 males/5 females) reporting impaired hearing (14) and/or vision (11) who subsequently received PIP interventions.

Author(s): 
Brown, Candy Gunther
Mory, Stephen C.
Williams, Rebecca
McClymond, Michael J.
Publication Title: 
Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience

Many aspects of human physiology and behavior are dominated by 24-hour circadian rhythms that have a major impact on our health and well-being, including the sleep-wake cycle, alertness and performance patterns, and many daily hormone profiles. These rhythms are spontaneously generated by an internal "pacemaker" in the hypothalamus, and daily light exposure to the eyes is required to keep these circadian rhythms synchronized both internally and with the external environment.

Author(s): 
Lockley, Steven W.
Arendt, Josephine
Skene, Debra J.
Publication Title: 
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science

PURPOSE: Reliable outcome measures are needed to estimate changes in peripheral vision during future treatment clinical trials for retinal degeneration patients. The authors examined the short-term variability of Goldmann visual field (GVF) results converted to retinal areas in retinitis pigmentosa (RP) subjects. METHODS: Two within-visit GVFs were obtained from one eye each of 37 RP subjects with visual acuity better than 20/400 by a single experienced operator using the V4e (n = 28) or III4e (n = 12) target, or both.

Author(s): 
Bittner, Ava K.
Iftikhar, Mian Haris
Dagnelie, Gislin
Publication Title: 
Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift

Particularly in patients over 40 years of age, disturbances of perfusion at the optic nerve head and retina are a frequent cause of acute visual acuity loss. As the most important disease entities, we must distinguish between ischemic optic neuropathy and arterial and venous perfusion disturbances. The prognosis with regard to visual acuity is, at any rate, serious: a considerable, persistent loss of vision must be expected. Unfortunately, at present there is no therapy available which could normalize perfusion quickly enough.

Author(s): 
Messerli, J.

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