Vital Capacity

Publication Title: 
Forschende Komplementarmedizin (2006)

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the evidence available on the effects of acupuncture point (acupoint) application for asthma therapy in adults. METHODS: Six electronic databases were searched up to May 2014 to identify relevant studies. Randomized controlled trials, which assessed the effects of acupoint application for asthma treatment in adults, were included in our review. The methodological quality of eligible studies was assessed by the Cochrane Collaboration's tool. The standardized mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of a random-effects model were calculated.

Author(s): 
Su, Li
Meng, Ling
Chen, Ran
Wu, Weihua
Peng, Bo
Man, Lixin
Publication Title: 
Annals of Allergy

The efficacy of hypnotherapy in aborting acute asthmatic attacks was studied in 17 children ranging in age from six to 17. All had as their primary diagnosis bronchial asthma. Prior to hypnotic induction pulmonary function was assessed, then monitored in the immediate post hypnotic period and at two intervals thereafter. The average improvement for all subjects was greater than 50% above the baseline measurement as documented by spirometry, monitored dyspnea, wheezing and subjective ratings by the subjects.

Author(s): 
Aronoff, G. M.
Aronoff, S.
Peck, L. W.
Publication Title: 
Thorax

BACKGROUND: Patients with asthma are interested in the use of breathing exercises but their role is uncertain. The effects of the Buteyko breathing technique, a device which mimics pranayama (a yoga breathing technique), and a dummy pranayama device on bronchial responsiveness and symptoms were compared over 6 months in a parallel group study. METHODS: Ninety patients with asthma taking an inhaled corticosteroid were randomised after a 2 week run in period to Eucapnic Buteyko breathing, use of a Pink City Lung Exerciser (PCLE) to mimic pranayama, or a PCLE placebo device.

Author(s): 
Cooper, S.
Oborne, J.
Newton, S.
Harrison, V.
Thompson Coon, J.
Lewis, S.
Tattersfield, A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the immediate effect of slow pace bhastrika pranayama (respiratory rate 6/min) for 5 minutes on heart rate and blood pressure and the effect of the same breathing exercise for the same duration of time (5 minutes) following oral intake of hyoscine-N-butylbromide (Buscopan), a parasympathetic blocker drug. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Heart rate and blood pressure of volunteers (n = 39, age = 25-40 years) was recorded following standard procedure.

Author(s): 
Pramanik, Tapas
Sharma, Hari Om
Mishra, Suchita
Mishra, Anurag
Prajapati, Rajesh
Singh, Smriti
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology

Aim of this study was to see any effect on respiratory functions in hypothyroid patients after pranayama (yoga). The subjects for the study were 20 hypothyroid females, 39.70 +/- 8.27 years of mean age referred from medicine department of UCMS & G.T.B. Hospital. Spiro metric recordings were taken with hypair (version-1.28). Baseline (first) recordings were taken when patient came for the first time.

Author(s): 
Swami, Gaurav
Singh, Savita
Singh, K. P.
Gupta, Manish
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology

Breathing is the most vital function for maintenance of life. Slow and deep breathing is an integral part of Pranayama and it reduces dead space ventilation and renews air throughout the lungs. The reported beneficial effects of deep breathing as a part of either long term or short term practice of Pranayama are well documented. However our knowledge about the effects of a few minutes' of deep breathing on human ventilatory parameters is poor.

Author(s): 
Sivakumar, G.
Prabhu, Krishnamoorthi
Baliga, Rekha
Pai, M. Kirtana
Manjunatha, S.
Publication Title: 
Clinical Rehabilitation

OBJECTIVE: To compare two breathing exercises (Buteyko and pranayama) with a control group in patients with asthma. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS: One hundred and twenty subjects were randomized to three groups through block randomization. Subjects with an Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire score <5.5 participated in the study. SETTING: Outpatient pulmonary medicine department. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects in the Buteyko and pranayama groups were trained for 3-5 days and instructed to practise the exercises for 15 minutes twice daily, and for three months duration.

Author(s): 
Prem, Venkatesan
Sahoo, Ramesh Chandra
Adhikari, Prabha
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology

Prana is the energy, when the self-energizing force embraces the body with extension and expansion and control, it is pranayama. It may affect the milieu at the bronchioles and the alveoli particularly at the alveolo-capillary membrane to facilitate diffusion and transport of gases. It may also increase oxygenation at tissue level. Aim of our study is to compare pulmonary functions and diffusion capacity in patients of bronchial asthma before and after yogic intervention of 2 months.

Author(s): 
Singh, Savita
Soni, Ritu
Singh, K. P.
Tandon, O. P.
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Medical Research

The gum resin of Boswellia serrata, known in Indian Ayurvedic system of medicine as Salai guggal, contains boswellic acids, which have been shown to inhibit leukotriene biosynthesis. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study forty patients, 23 males and 17 females in the age range of 18 - 75 years having mean duration of illness, bronchial asthma, of 9.58 +/- 6.07 years were treated with a preparation of gum resin of 300 mg thrice daily for a period of 6 weeks.

Author(s): 
Gupta, I.
Gupta, V.
Parihar, A.
Gupta, S.
Ludtke, R.
Safayhi, H.
Ammon, H. P.
Publication Title: 
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

CONTEXT: The vital capacity of the lungs is a critical component of good health. Vital capacity is an important concern for those with asthma, heart conditions, and lung ailments; those who smoke; and those who have no known lung problems. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of yoga postures and breathing exercises on vital capacity. DESIGN: Using the Spiropet spirometer, researchers measured vital capacity. Vital capacity determinants were taken near the beginning and end of two 17-week semesters. No control group was used.

Author(s): 
Birkel, D. A.
Edgren, L.

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