Vocal Cords

Publication Title: 
Activitas Nervosa Superior
Author(s): 
Cerny, M.
Horvai, I.
Publication Title: 
Irish Medical Journal

A 14 year old boy presented with deteriorating asthma and marked stridor. Neither asthma nor stridor responded to an increase in anti-asthma medication, including high dose oral steroids. Indirect laryngoscopy revealed adduction of the vocal cords throughout the respiratory cycle, a phenomenon previously identified as a psychosomatic conversion reaction. When gently confronted with these findings and offered psychological assistance the boy's symptoms abated totally.

Author(s): 
Caraon, P.
O'Toole, C.
Publication Title: 
Pediatrics

Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) is a condition of paradoxical adduction of the vocal cords during the inspiratory phase of the respiratory cycle. VCD often presents as stridorous breathing, which may be misdiagnosed as asthma. The mismanagement of this disorder may result in unnecessary treatment and iatrogenic morbidity. An association with psychogenic factors has been reported, and a higher incidence of anxiety-related illness has been demonstrated in patients with VCD.

Author(s): 
Anbar, R. D.
Hehir, D. A.
Publication Title: 
Anesthesia and Analgesia

The results of any study of the relative importance of anesthetic depth versus intensity of neuromuscular block on conditions for endotracheal intubation can be manipulated by the investigator. Several independent factors, such as the depth of hypnosis induced, the interval between drug administration and laryngoscopy, the onset profile of the muscle relaxant, and the multiple of the 95% effective dose given, must be controlled.

Author(s): 
Kopman, A. F.
Klewicka, M. M.
Neuman, G. G.
Publication Title: 
BMC pediatrics

BACKGROUND: This report describes the utility of hypnosis for patients who presented to a Pediatric Pulmonary Center over a 30 month period. METHODS: Hypnotherapy was offered to 303 patients from May 1, 1998 - October 31, 2000. Patients offered hypnotherapy included those thought to have pulmonary symptoms due to psychological issues, discomfort due to medications, or fear of procedures. Improvement in symptoms following hypnosis was observed by the pulmonologist for most patients with habit cough and conversion reaction.

Author(s): 
Anbar, Ran D.
Publication Title: 
Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego

Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) is a functional laryngeal dysfunction first described in the nineteenth century. It is quite frequent in patients with "refractory" asthma. It is very often treated as a steroid resistant asthma or exercise-induced bronchospasm, leading to unnecessary, aggressive asthma treatment and iatrogenic morbidity. Vocal cord dysfunction causes paradoxical adduction of vocal cords during the inspiratory phase of respiratory cycle, resulting in acute, episodic dyspnea not responding to typical antiasthmatic treatment.

Author(s): 
Rutkowski, Ryszard
Rutkowski, Krzysztof
Publication Title: 
Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego

Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) is a functional laryngeal dysfunction first described in the nineteenth century. It is quite frequent in patients with "refractory" asthma. It is very often treated as a steroid resistant asthma or exercise-induced bronchospasm, leading to unnecessary, aggressive asthma treatment and iatrogenic morbidity. Vocal cord dysfunction causes paradoxical adduction of vocal cords during the inspiratory phase of respiratory cycle, resulting in acute, episodic dyspnea not responding to typical antiasthmatic treatment.

Author(s): 
Rutkowski, Ryszard
Rutkowski, Krzysztof
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