Volunteers

Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American College of Dentists

Creighton University, a Jesuit institution of higher education, has supported a community health program in the poor and remote areas of the Dominican Republic since 1976. This program is built around multidisciplinary health teams combining undergraduate and graduate students in various health professional schools with practitioners. A permanent center in the Dominican Republic has been established for coordination and training. The program is conceived as providing participants an opportunity to reflect on their own spiritual development.

Author(s): 
Ayers, Frank J.
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Nursing (Mark Allen Publishing)

The study unit Spirituality for Health Carers was part of the BSc(Hons) nursing/midwifery programme which aimed at providing an innovative clinical placement for students. This placement promoted the delivery of spiritual care to clients in Lourdes. This paper discusses the experiential learning of students based on Gibbs (1988) Framework of Reflection.

Author(s): 
Baldacchino, Donia
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health Communication

This study examined the mediated influence of a celebrated religious hero in South Korea, Cardinal Stephen Kim, through two forms of involvement--parasocial interaction and identification--on intention toward cornea donation and volunteerism, and it investigated how the news media diffused of his death.

Author(s): 
Bae, Hyuhn-Suhck
Brown, William J.
Kang, Seok
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

Exclusionary practices in dominant market-based systems are recognized as contributing to global health inequities. Undocumented immigrants are particularly vulnerable to unequal access to healthcare. Humanitarian NGOs strive to respond meaningfully to these health inequities among migrants and undocumented immigrants. Few studies describe the work of humanitarian NGOs that advocate for the right to health of undocumented immigrants in high-income countries.

Author(s): 
Tiedje, Kristina
Plevak, David J.
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

Through two case studies of Catholic parishes in Massachusetts, this study explores the implications of leader-centered versus distributed leadership in Catholic parishes for the implementation of evidence-based health interventions. The two parishes involved in the study differ from each other in several ways. In the first, parishioners are less engaged in leadership activities at the decision-making level in the parish. A small group of lay volunteers work with the parish priest and other ordained leaders on parish activities.

Author(s): 
NegrÛn, Rosalyn
Leyva, Bryan
Allen, Jennifer
Ospino, Hosffman
Tom, Laura
Rustan, Sarah
Publication Title: 
British Dental Journal

The author joined an American team on one of their regular 'Mercy Missions' to Third World countries to treat underprivileged children. The patients' gratitude, the absence of complaining, operating conditions and quality of life were in stark contrast to that often seen in the UK. It was a heart warming experience for all members of the team.

Author(s): 
Phillips, J. G.
Publication Title: 
AIDS care

The positive psychological and sociological dimensions of AIDS care provision may produce important information to assist burnout prevention. While most studies on stress and burnout in AIDS health care have focused on the negative and difficult aspects of this work, few have considered the notion that the rewards of care-giving may buffer against stress or counterbalance experiences that may otherwise lead to burnout. A study of HIV/AIDS volunteers examined the relationship between stressors, rewards and burnout, using the HIV Volunteer Inventory and the Maslach Burnout Inventory.

Author(s): 
Bennett, L.
Ross, M. W.
Sunderland, R.
Publication Title: 
Transfusion Medicine (Oxford, England)

Why do people donate blood? Altruism is the common answer. However, altruism is a complex construct and to answer this question requires a systematic analysis of the insights from the biology, economics and psychology of altruism. I term this the mechanism of altruism (MOA) approach and apply it here for understanding blood donor motivation. The answer also has enormous implications for the type of interventions we choose to adopt as a society.

Author(s): 
Ferguson, E.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Community Psychology

The university student volunteer as a social change agent is in a period of transition. There is no returning to the idealism and activism of the 1960s if this and future generations of students continue to see self-preservation and individual advancement as their only viable option here in America. In view of the changing nature of today's students, the conventional definitions of volunteers, such as Shultz's (1972) altruist, average, and pseudo-volunteer, must be reconsidered.

Author(s): 
Garcia, S. A.
Clark, C.
Walfish, S.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
Author(s): 
Battin, Margaret P.

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