Volunteers

Publication Title: 
Journal of Palliative Care

Two studies were conducted to examine people's motives for joining a palliative care volunteer program. To generate a pool of reasons for becoming a palliative care volunteer, previous studies of motivations relevant to palliative care were reviewed and interviews were conducted with 15 palliative care volunteers (Study 1). Combining the literature review and interviews, a total of 22 distinct reasons for volunteering were identified and used to create an Inventory of Motivations for Palliative Care Voluntarism (IMPCV).

Author(s): 
Claxton-Oldfield, Stephen
Jefferies, Joanna
Fawcett, Catherine
Wasylkiw, Louise
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved

At medical schools across the United States, students operate free clinics that have the potential to provide health benefits to patients while furnishing unique educational opportunities for students. While they provide the energy necessary to make these clinics successful, students must, due to their inexperience, collaborate with faculty, clinic preceptors, community members and medical school administrators to ensure that their clinics attain high standards in health care and education.

Author(s): 
Buchanan, David
Witlen, Renee
Publication Title: 
African Journal of Health Sciences

The main objective was to determine motivating factors for community care givers (CCGs), the services they provided to the community, and to identify sources of CCGs' material supplies. A cross sectional qualitative study was done using in-depth key informant interviews with community cares givers and traditional leaders. Analysis was based on themes utilizing content analysis. Most of the CCGs were housewives. Intrinsic motivating factors included feelings of empathy, altruism and religious convictions.

Author(s): 
Mkandawire, Wanangwa C.
Muula, Adamson S.
Publication Title: 
Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin

The authors investigated whether students who selectively volunteer for a study of prison life possess dispositions associated with behaving abusively. Students were recruited for a psychological study of prison life using a virtually identical newspaper ad as used in the Stanford Prison Experiment (SPE; Haney, Banks & Zimbardo, 1973) or for a psychological study, an identical ad minus the words of prison life.

Author(s): 
Carnahan, Thomas
McFarland, Sam
Publication Title: 
Transfusion

BACKGROUND: For the past several decades, Chinese blood centers have relied on blood donations from employer-organized donors (blood donors who donate blood in groups with coworkers as prearranged by the employer and the local blood center). Recently the government has decided to phase out employer-organized donors and transition to the use of only volunteer donors (blood donors who donate individually independent of employers). Evaluating the beliefs and attitudes of employer-organized and volunteer donors is critical to maintain an adequate blood supply after this transition.

Author(s): 
Tison, Geoffrey H.
Liu, Changli
Ren, Furong
Nelson, Kenrad
Shan, Hua
Publication Title: 
Transfusion Medicine Reviews

Volunteering behavior is culturally based and occurs at different rates in different geographical locations. Although it might be assumed that the links between volunteering and the practice of blood donation would be strong, the reasons for this are less obvious. Blood collection in Australia is conducted exclusively by the Australian Red Cross Blood Service, a non-governmental human service organization with links to the Australian Red Cross.

Author(s): 
Alessandrini, Megan
Publication Title: 
Canadian Journal on Aging = La Revue Canadienne Du Vieillissement

In North America, 40-50 per cent of older adults are actively involved as formal volunteers in providing diverse health and human services. We review empirical studies concerning older adults' motivations for volunteering, as well as the health and morale benefits they derive from this expression of altruism. Knowledge of the exact nature and amount of volunteer activity necessary to produce these effects is limited, and studies have yet to identify the behavioural and psychological mechanisms that are implicated.

Author(s): 
Gottlieb, Benjamin H.
Gillespie, Alayna A.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology

Perceived altruism, an attitude that clients may attribute to those who work with them, was examined in a qualitative and quantitative study about the impact of volunteers in drop-in centers for youth at risk in Israel. Data were collected by interviews, observations, case studies, and questionnaires. The results show that the volunteers' unique contribution affected the service as a whole.

Author(s): 
Ronel, Natti
Haski-Leventhal, Debbie
Ben-David, Boaz M.
York, Alan S.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care

Given the essential role of volunteers in hospice palliative care, it would be beneficial to have a recruitment and retention tool that is reliable and valid. To address this gap, the current investigation sought to adapt and extend the Inventory of Motivations for Palliative Care Volunteerism (IMPCV) of Claxton-Oldfield, Jefferies, Fawcett, Wasylkiw, and Claxton-Oldfield.(1) The purpose of study 1 was to address methodological concerns of the IMPCV using 141 undergraduate students.

Author(s): 
Claxton-Oldfield, Stephen
Wasylkiw, Louise
Mark, Mariko
Claxton-Oldfield, Jane
Publication Title: 
Occupational Therapy International

As the baby boomer generation, born 1945-1963, begins its transition to retirement, what might be the position of volunteering within their new life structure? Using retired occupational therapists as a purposive sample (n?=?50), this survey provides a description of the volunteer experience in three distinct phases: 1) Pre-retirement contemplation and preparation; 2) Actions, thoughts and feelings during the volunteer experience; and 3) Thoughts and feelings related to ending their volunteer roles.

Author(s): 
Cole, Marilyn B.
Macdonald, Karen C.

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