Waist-Hip Ratio

Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: Adherence to a Mediterranean diet has been reported to increase longevity, but concerns have been expressed that such a diet may promote overweight and obesity. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate whether adherence to the traditional Mediterranean diet, as operationalized in a Mediterranean diet score, is associated with body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR).

Author(s): 
Trichopoulou, Antonia
Naska, Androniki
Orfanos, Philippos
Trichopoulos, Dimitrios
Publication Title: 
Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of a multi agent obesity control program in obese school children. This program was composed of strategies to modify diet and exercise habits and to change cognitive behavior variables(stress, coping, and self-efficacy). METHOD: The subjects were 40 obese school children who participated in our project voluntarily via homepage, TV, newspaper, public paper and school official documents. The program was implemented daily for 4 sessions per day for ten days from August 16 to 26, 2004.

Author(s): 
Ahn, Hye Young
Im, Sook Bin
Hong, Kyung Ja
Hur, Myung Haeng
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics: The Official Organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of yoga therapy on glucose metabolism and blood lipid values in adolescent girls with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: A prospective, randomized, interventional controlled trial recruited 90 adolescents aged between 15 and 18 years who met the Rotterdam criteria for PCOS. A yoga group practiced suryanamaskara, asanas, pranayama, and meditation 1 hour per day each day for 12 weeks while another group practiced conventional physical exercises. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare score changes between the 2 groups.

Author(s): 
Nidhi, Ram
Padmalatha, Venkatram
Nagarathna, Raghuram
Ram, Amritanshu
Publication Title: 
Archives of Sexual Behavior

Women's faces and bodies are both thought to provide cues to women's age, health, fertility, and personality. To gain a stronger understanding of how these cues are utilized, we investigated the degree to which ratings of women's faces and bodies independently predicted ratings of women's full-body attractiveness. Women came into the lab not knowing they would be photographed.

Author(s): 
Bleske-Rechek, April
Kolb, Carolyn M.
Stern, Amy Steffes
Quigley, Katherine
Nelson, Lyndsay A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: The seed extracts from Nigella sativa is used by Unani physicians of traditional medicine (Hakims or Tabibs) and Ayurvedic practitioners (Vaids) in the treatment of several medical disorders including dyslipidemia, obesity, and hypertension. It is, therefore, important to prove or disprove the effectiveness, safety, and tolerability of powdered N. sativa (Kalonji) seed in capsules on serum lipid levels, blood sugar, blood pressure, and body weight in adults. DESIGN: The study design was a randomized, double-blind trial.

Author(s): 
Qidwai, Waris
Hamza, Hasan Bin
Qureshi, Riaz
Gilani, Anwar
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: The seed extracts from Nigella sativa is used by Unani physicians of traditional medicine (Hakims or Tabibs) and Ayurvedic practitioners (Vaids) in the treatment of several medical disorders including dyslipidemia, obesity, and hypertension. It is, therefore, important to prove or disprove the effectiveness, safety, and tolerability of powdered N. sativa (Kalonji) seed in capsules on serum lipid levels, blood sugar, blood pressure, and body weight in adults. DESIGN: The study design was a randomized, double-blind trial.

Author(s): 
Qidwai, Waris
Hamza, Hasan Bin
Qureshi, Riaz
Gilani, Anwar
Publication Title: 
AIDS research and human retroviruses

As HAART becomes more accessible in sub-Saharan Africa, metabolic syndromes, body fat redistribution (BFR), and cardiovascular disease may become more prevalent. We conducted a 6-month, randomized controlled trial to test whether cardiorespiratory exercise training (CET), improves metabolic, body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness parameters in HAART-treated HIV(+) African subjects with BFR.

Author(s): 
Mutimura, Eugene
Crowther, Nigel J.
Cade, Todd W.
Yarasheski, Kevin E.
Stewart, Aimee
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Endocrinology / European Federation of Endocrine Societies

OBJECTIVE: Body composition and energy homeostasis are thought to affect the appetitive hormones: adiponectin, leptin, insulin, and ghrelin. This study examined whether centrally located fat and/or overall adiposity were related to these appetitive hormones in healthy postmenopausal women. DESIGN: Overall and regional body composition was assessed by dual-energy X ray absorptiometry in relation to plasma adiponectin, serum leptin, serum insulin, and plasma ghrelin in 242 postmenopausal women.

Author(s): 
Ritland, Laura M.
Alekel, D. Lee
Matvienko, Oksana A.
Hanson, Kathy B.
Stewart, Jeanne W.
Hanson, Laura N.
Reddy, Manju B.
Van Loan, Marta D.
Genschel, Ulrike
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: The Healthy Eating Index (HEI) is a measure of diet quality developed based on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA). OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the diet quality of a multi-ethnic population using and comparing the 2 HEIs, the updated HEI (HEI-05) based on the 2005 DGA and the original 1990 HEI (HEI-90), with the objective of predicting obesity outcomes.

Author(s): 
Gao, Sue K.
Beresford, Shirley A. A.
Frank, Laura L.
Schreiner, Pamela J.
Burke, Gregory L.
Fitzpatrick, Annette L.
Publication Title: 
Integrative Cancer Therapies

BACKGROUND: A 6-month pilot intervention trial was conducted to determine whether adoption of a plant-based diet, reinforced by stress reduction, could reduce the rate of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) increase, a marker of disease progression, in asymptomatic, hormonally untreated patients experiencing consistently increasing PSA levels after surgery or radiation.

Author(s): 
Saxe, Gordon A.
Major, Jacqueline M.
Westerberg, Lindsey
Khandrika, Srikrishna
Downs, Tracy M.

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